Transportation  Traffic Safety and Health     Human Behavior Book PDF

Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Human Behavior

  • Author : Hans von Holst
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 9783642572661

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Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Human Behavior Book Description :

The focus of this book is to present the latest aspects in the area of human behavior and its relation to planning of an optimal traffic safety. The contributions from authors in various disciplines such as scientists, medical practitioners, administrators and practitioners from the car industry examine how road-user behavior can cause accidents and how decision-makers from various sectors of society may influence road users' behavior. The development of modern vehicles and new traffic systems requires more sophisticated behavior and technology. New medical technologies such as improved neuropsychologic methods and descriptive mapping of behavior with imaging techniques facilitate the understanding of the anatomy and physiology of human behavior. The increased knowledge of normal and pathologic behavior contributes to strenghten primary prevention with the goal of reducing traffic accidents.

Transportation  Traffic Safety and Health     Prevention and Health Book PDF

Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Prevention and Health

  • Author : Hans v. Holst
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 9783642572463

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Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Prevention and Health Book Description :

Rodney E. Slater Secretary of Transportation, U. S. Department of Transportation know many of you have traveled great distances to be here. I To me, that shows not only your dedication to the cause, but demonstrates how very important transportation safety is becoming throughout the world. So I am very thankful to the main organizers of this third annual conference -- all of whom are from Sweden: Dr. Hans von Holst of the Royal Institute of Technology; Dr. Ake Nygren of the Karolinska Institute; Dr. Ake E. Andersson of the Institute for Futures Studies; and finally, Dr. Arne Witt16v and Lars Anell from AB Volvo. And let me give a special welcome to our friends from Africa. I will be visiting a number of African nations in January. And while my main mission is to promote trade and investment with the United States, we will be talking about safety, too. Airline safety, for example, is a big concern, as Africa grows and prospers and the demand for air travel expands. We discussed it during recent meetings of the International Civil Aviation Organization in Montreal several weeks ago. And we will do so again during my trip. plan to talk about how my department can help the Also, we many nations of Africa improve highway safety. Africa relies heavily on road transportation. But highway fatalities are very high. And the economic costs are very steep, especially for Africa's fragile, emerging v market economies.

Growth Hormone And The Heart Book PDF

Growth Hormone And The Heart

  • Author : Andrea Giustina
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2000-11-30
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 0792372123

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Growth Hormone And The Heart Book Description :

Growth Hormone and the Heart endeavors to bring together knowledge that has been accumulated in the area of GH and the heart, from basic to clinical studies, by research groups working on this topic throughout the world. Lessons from different experimental models and from several human diseases (acromegaly, adult GH deficiency, heart failure) suggest to endocrinologists and cardiologists that GH may not only have a role in the physiology and pathophysiology of heart function, but that GH itself may have a place in the treatment of primary heart diseases (such as dilated cardiomyopathy) or of cardiac complications of hypopituitarism. Growth Hormone and the Heart will be a useful update of the research produced in the field of cardiovascular endocrinology. The Editors also hope that this book will serve as the primary step in the recognition of the wide physiological and clinical significance of GH and heart interactions.

Information  Place  and Cyberspace Book PDF

Information Place and Cyberspace

  • Author : Donald G. Janelle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre : Science
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 9783662040270

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Information Place and Cyberspace Book Description :

This book explores how new communication and information technologies combine with transportation to modify human spatial and temporal relationships in everyday life. It targets the need to differentiate accessibility levels among a broad range of social groupings, the need to study disparities in electronic accessibility, and the need to investigate new measures and means of representing the geography of opportunity in the information age. It explores how models based on physical notions of distance and connectivity are insufficient for understanding the new structures and behaviors that characterize current regional realities, with examples drawn from Europe, New Zealand, and North America. While traditional notions of accessibility and spatial interaction remain important, information technologies are dramatically modifying and expanding the scope of these core geographical concepts.

Spatial Economic Science Book PDF

Spatial Economic Science

  • Author : Aura Reggiani
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 457
  • ISBN : 9783642597879

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Spatial Economic Science Book Description :

With the dawn of the twenty-first century comes the awareness that current rapid political-economic-social and technological transformations will affect our of living, by producing new forms of information, communications, common way market, work-style and leisure. In this context, human behaviour will certainly change its 'fixed' parameters. It is likely that the relationships between internal structures and external influences, between individual components and collective behaviour, as well as between multi-scale networks and interrelated dynamics, will show spatio-temporal patterns which will be difficult to predict by means of our usual tools. As a consequence, academic research is increasingly being required to play an active role in addressing new ways of understanding and forecasting the sets of interacting structures, ranging from the technical to the organizational, and from the social to the economic and political levels, while at the same time incorporating concerns about the 'new' economy, environment, society, information and technology. It is now evident that social science - especially spatial and economic scienc- needs innovative 'paths', together with continuous cross-fertilization among the many disciplines involved. In order to investigate these intriguing perspectives, we seem to have embarked on an era of methodological reflections - rather than developing strong theoretical foundations. This volume aims to provide an overview of these new insights and frontiers for theoretical/methodological studies and research applications in the space-economy.

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior Book PDF

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior

  • Author : David Shinar
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre : Science
  • Pages : 813
  • ISBN : 9780080450292

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Traffic Safety and Human Behavior Book Description :

Describes the basic research procedures used in the area of driving behavior and highway safety.

Transportation  Traffic Safety and Health Book PDF

Transportation Traffic Safety and Health

  • Author : Hans von Holst
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 9783662034095

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Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Book Description :

Modern society is, to a great extent, characterised by a tremendous growth in transportation -- the freedom to travel is a central and fundamental human value. As mobility has increased so have health problems. The number of fatalities and serious injuries caused by road traffic is unacceptable, and, while a downward trend is visible in most countries, there still remains a lot to be done. This collection of contributions by scientists and administrators presents some of the latest findings in the area of mobility and its relation to medical treatment, rehabilitation, public health and prevention.

Handbook of Traffic Psychology Book PDF

Handbook of Traffic Psychology

  • Author : Bryan E. Porter
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011-06-22
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 0123819857

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Handbook of Traffic Psychology Book Description :

The Handbook of Traffic Psychology covers all key areas of research in this field including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce risk on roadways. Comprehensive in scope, the methodology section includes case-control studies, self-report instruments and methods, field methods and naturalistic observational techniques, instrumented vehicles and in-car recording techniques, modeling and simulation methods, in vivo methods, clinical assessment, and crash datasets and analyses. Experienced researchers will better understand what methods are most useful for what kinds of studies and students can better understand the myriad of techniques used in this discipline. Focuses specifically on traffic, as opposed to transport Covers all key areas of research in traffic psychology including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce the risk of variables and behavior Contents include how to conduct traffic research and how to analyze data Contributors come from more than 10 countries, including US, UK, Japan, Netherlands, Ireland, Switzerland, Mexico, Australia, Canada, Turkey, France, Finland, Norway, Israel, and South Africa

Nodes in Transport Networks     Research  Data Analysis and Modelling Book PDF

Nodes in Transport Networks Research Data Analysis and Modelling

  • Author : Elżbieta Macioszek
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-06
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 199
  • ISBN : 9783030391096

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Nodes in Transport Networks Research Data Analysis and Modelling Book Description :

The publication delivers numerous valuable guidelines, particularly useful when making decisions related in the subject matter to road and rail nodes located in dense transport networks. The know-how displayed while discussing practical examples as well as the decision making support systems described in the publication will certainly attract the interest of those who daily face the challenge of seeking solutions to the operational and functional problems of transport nodes in contemporary transport networks and systems. This publication is dedicated to local authorities involved in planning and preparation of development strategies for specific transport-related issues (in both urban and regional areas) as well as to representatives of business and industry, being those who participate directly in the implementation of traffic engineering solutions. The guidelines provided in individual chapters of the publication will make it possible to address the given problem in an advanced manner and simplify the choice of appropriate strategies (including those related to synchronisation of road traffic streams, improving the capacity, road traffic safety analysis, evaluation of changes in drivers’ behaviour on account of introducing countdown timers at signal-controlled intersections using UAV data, the influence of the type of traffic organisation on the behaviour of pedestrians at tram line crossings). On the other hand, since the publication also concerns the new approach to theoretical models (including potential places of integration of public transport with the railway network or the speed adviser for pedestrians enabling them to choose the optimal path at signal-controlled intersections), it should also attract the attention of researches and scientists studying this body of problems. The publication entitled "Nodes in transport networks - research, data analysis and modelling" contains selected papers submitted to and presented at the 16th ”Transport Systems. Th

Transportation  Traffic Safety and Health     Man and Machine Book PDF

Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Man and Machine

  • Author : Hans von Holst
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9783642572487

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Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Man and Machine Book Description :

Hans von Holst Royal Institute of Technology, WHO Collaborating Center, Sweden Ake Nygren Karolinska Institute, WHO Collaborating Center, Sweden Ake E. Andersson Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden n a recent study initiated by Harvard University, World Bank and I World Health Organization it was concluded that road injuries will be ranked from number 9 today to number 3 within the next two to three decades if authorities all over the world do not pay more attention to this significant problem. Injuries in traffic do not only concern the patient himself but also the relatives from an emotional point of view and the society from a socio economic point. Both emerging markets and industrial countries have significant experi ence of the events following a traffic accident. Much effort has been directed towards transportation of the victim from the scene of the accident to intensive care unit in the hospital. Simultaneously, the awareness of our knowledge about how these injuries should be prevented is striking. The focus of this second book of transportation, traffic safety and health is to further present some of the latest aspects in the area of mobility and its rela tion to planning of an optimal traffic safety with respect to our present knowl edge in the field. The volume contains a collection of contributions presented of scientists, clinicians and administrators at The Second International Conference on Transportation, Traffic Safety and Health, held in Brussels, Belgium, 1996.

Intuition Book PDF

Intuition

  • Author : David G. Myers
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-10-01
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780300130270

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Intuition Book Description :

How reliable is our intuition? How much should we depend on gut-level instinct rather than rational analysis when we play the stock market, choose a mate, hire an employee, or assess our own abilities? In this engaging and accessible book, David G. Myers shows us that while intuition can provide us with useful—and often amazing—insights, it can also dangerously mislead us. Drawing on recent psychological research, Myers discusses the powers and perils of intuition when: • judges and jurors determine who is telling the truth; • mental health workers predict whether someone is at risk for suicide or crime; • coaches, players, and fans decide who has the hot hand or the hot bat; • personnel directors hire new employees; • psychics claim to be clairvoyant or to have premonitions; • and much more.

Sustainability Science Book PDF

Sustainability Science

  • Author : Per Becker
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2014-07-23
  • Genre : Science
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 9780444627292

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Sustainability Science Book Description :

A new, holistic transdisciplinary endeavour born in the 21st century, Sustainability Science: Managing Risk and Resilience for Sustainable Development aims to provide conceptual and practical approaches to sustainable development that help us to grasp and address uncertainty, complexity, ambiguity and dynamic change. Four aspects that permeate our contemporary world and undermine much of our traditional ways of thinking and doing. The concepts of risk and resilience are central in this endeavour to explain, understand and improve core challenges of humankind. Sustainability and sustainable development are increasingly important guiding principles across administrative levels, functional sectors and scientific disciplines. Policymakers, practitioners and academics continue to wrestle with the complexity of risk, resilience and sustainability, but because of the necessary transdisciplinary focus, it is difficult to find authoritative content in a single source. Sustainability Science: Managing Risk and Resilience for Sustainable Development presents the state of the world in relation to major sustainability challenges and their symptomatic effects, such as climate change, environmental degradation, poverty, disease and disasters. It then continues by elaborating on ways to approach and change our world to make it a safer and more sustainable place for current and future generations. The natural, applied and social sciences are woven together throughout the book to provide a more inclusive understanding of relevant processes, changes, trends and events. Shows how disturbances, disruptions and disasters have always been intrinsic byproducts of the same human-environment systems that supply us with opportunities, as well as what implications that has for policy and practice towards sustainable development today Introduces a new approach for grasping and addressing issues of risk and resilience in relation to sustainable development that is firmly rooted in a comprehensiv

Report of the Secretary s Advisory Committee on Traffic Safety Book PDF

Report of the Secretary s Advisory Committee on Traffic Safety

  • Author : United States. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Secretary's Advisory Committee on Traffic Safety
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1968
  • Genre : Traffic safety
  • Pages : 147
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112104111205

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Report of the Secretary s Advisory Committee on Traffic Safety Book Description :

Advances in Road Safety Planning Book PDF

Advances in Road Safety Planning

  • Author : Krzysztof Goniewicz
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2021-05-19
  • Genre : Science
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9782889666225

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Advances in Road Safety Planning Book Description :

Advances in Transportation and Health Book PDF

Advances in Transportation and Health

  • Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-04-08
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN : 9780128191378

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Advances in Transportation and Health Book Description :

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

Traffic Safety Culture Book PDF

Traffic Safety Culture

  • Author : Nicholas John Ward
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-04-12
  • Genre : Transportation
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9781787432499

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Traffic Safety Culture Book Description :

This book provides traffic safety researchers and practitioners with an international and multi-disciplinary compendium of theoretical and methodological concepts relevant to the research and application of Traffic Safety Culture aiming towards a vision of zero traffic fatalities.

Transport Planning and Traffic Safety Book PDF

Transport Planning and Traffic Safety

  • Author : Geetam Tiwari
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-03
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 9781315351278

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Transport Planning and Traffic Safety Book Description :

In recognition of the importance of road safety as a major health issue, the World Health Organization has declared 2011-2021 the Decade of Safety Action. Several countries in Europe, North America, and Asia have been successful in reducing fatalities and injuries due to road traffic crashes. However, many low-income countries continue to experience high rates of traffic fatalities and injuries. Transport Planning and Traffic Safety: Making Cities, Roads, and Vehicles Safer offers a source book for road safety training courses as well as an introductory textbook for graduate-level courses on road safety taught in engineering institutes. It brings together the international experiences and lessons learned from countries which have been successful in reducing traffic crashes and their applicability in low-income countries. The content is based on lectures delivered during an international course on transportation planning and traffic safety, sponsored annually by the Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme (TRIPP) at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. The book is interdisciplinary and aimed at professionals—traffic and road engineers, vehicle designers, law enforcers, and transport planners. The authors examine trends in performance of OECD countries and highlight the public health and systems approach of traffic safety with the vulnerable road user in focus. Topics include land use (transportation planning, mobility, and safety), safety education and legislation, accident analysis, road safety research, human tolerance to injury, vehicle design, safety in construction zones, safety in urban areas, traffic calming, public transportation, safety laws and policies, and pre-hospital care of the injured.

Advances in Human Aspects of Road and Rail Transportation Book PDF

Advances in Human Aspects of Road and Rail Transportation

  • Author : Neville A. Stanton
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2012-07-17
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 878
  • ISBN : 9781439871232

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Advances in Human Aspects of Road and Rail Transportation Book Description :

Human factors and ergonomics have made considerable contributions to the research, design, development, operation and analysis of transportation systems and their complementary infrastructure. This volume focuses on the causations of road accidents, the function and design of roads and signs, the design of automobiles, and the training of the driver. It covers accident analyses, air traffic control, control rooms, intelligent transportation systems, and new systems and technologies.

Transportation  Traffic Safety and Health     Prevention and Health Book PDF

Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Prevention and Health

  • Author : Hans v. Holst
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2000-07-11
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 3540674446

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Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Prevention and Health Book Description :

Rodney E. Slater Secretary of Transportation, U. S. Department of Transportation know many of you have traveled great distances to be here. I To me, that shows not only your dedication to the cause, but demonstrates how very important transportation safety is becoming throughout the world. So I am very thankful to the main organizers of this third annual conference -- all of whom are from Sweden: Dr. Hans von Holst of the Royal Institute of Technology; Dr. Ake Nygren of the Karolinska Institute; Dr. Ake E. Andersson of the Institute for Futures Studies; and finally, Dr. Arne Witt16v and Lars Anell from AB Volvo. And let me give a special welcome to our friends from Africa. I will be visiting a number of African nations in January. And while my main mission is to promote trade and investment with the United States, we will be talking about safety, too. Airline safety, for example, is a big concern, as Africa grows and prospers and the demand for air travel expands. We discussed it during recent meetings of the International Civil Aviation Organization in Montreal several weeks ago. And we will do so again during my trip. plan to talk about how my department can help the Also, we many nations of Africa improve highway safety. Africa relies heavily on road transportation. But highway fatalities are very high. And the economic costs are very steep, especially for Africa's fragile, emerging v market economies.