In recognition of the importance of road safety as a major health issue, the World Health Organization has declared 2011-2021 the Decade of Safety Action. Several countries in Europe, North America, and Asia have been successful in reducing fatalities and injuries due to road traffic crashes. However, many low-income countries continue to experience high rates of traffic fatalities and injuries. Transport Planning and Traffic Safety: Making Cities, Roads, and Vehicles Safer offers a source book for road safety training courses as well as an introductory textbook for graduate-level courses on road safety taught in engineering institutes. It brings together the international experiences and lessons learned from countries which have been successful in reducing traffic crashes and their applicability in low-income countries. The content is based on lectures delivered during an international course on transportation planning and traffic safety, sponsored annually by the Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme (TRIPP) at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. The book is interdisciplinary and aimed at professionals—traffic and road engineers, vehicle designers, law enforcers, and transport planners. The authors examine trends in performance of OECD countries and highlight the public health and systems approach of traffic safety with the vulnerable road user in focus. Topics include land use (transportation planning, mobility, and safety), safety education and legislation, accident analysis, road safety research, human tolerance to injury, vehicle design, safety in construction zones, safety in urban areas, traffic calming, public transportation, safety laws and policies, and pre-hospital care of the injured.
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- Author : Geetam Tiwari
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 2004-01-01
- Genre : Uncategorized
- Pages : 424
- ISBN : 140392502X
The Way Forward presents for the first time, a comprehensive text which documents the scientific evidence on various aspects of road safety. This book moves well beyond the mere compilation of data and analyses. It examines road safety from such diverse points of view as biomechanics ergonomics, transportation, road planning, epidemiology, medicine, vehicle design and the social sciences. The book will prove useful in training courses in road safety by city, traffic and transport planning, public health professionals, and graduate-level students in departments and centres for transportation research and planning in universities across the world.
'Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering' is a comprehensive textbook on the relevant principles and practice. It includes sections on transport policy and planning, traffic surveys and accident investigation, road design for capacity and safety, and traffic management. Clearly written and illustrated, the book is ideal reading for students of t
The increase in transportation systems has fueled the growth of traffic engineering. Traffic safety, counter-measures for road traffic accidents, etc. are some of the important areas wherein the focus of transport planning and traffic engineering lie. This book attempts to understand the multiple branches that fall under the discipline of traffic engineering and how such concepts have practical applications in the modern times. Included in this book are elucidations on important topics like traffic planning, control and management, traffic and transport safety, traffic policies, urban transit systems, traffic information engineering and control, etc. Students, researchers, experts and all associated with traffic and transportation engineering and allied branches of engineering will benefit alike from this book.
This volume addresses a variety of issues on traffic safety policy, ranging from issues of climate change, urban equity, and transport safety, in a broad global and societal context, while retaining situation-specific details. Written by international experts on issues of transportation and traffic safety, it will be of special interest to advanced researchers in the engineering and planning disciplines working on these issues as well as policy makers concerned with setting up institutions and legislations for traffic safety.
Based on the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Mathematics in Transport Planning and Control this book brings together papers from mathematicians, engineers and town planners on the mathematical modelling of traffic flow, choice of mode of transport, and choice of planningof routes. The case studies presented include, for example, mathematical optimization in design and operation of signal-controlled road junctions; stochastic models for predicting choice of route; the planning of airport transit systems. Topics covered include accident prevention, the planning ofmotorways, considerations for country roads, the problems of inner city traffic. The case studies are not concerned only with cars: there are studies on bus traffic, safety measures for pedestrian traffic, provision for cyclists, and for airport ground handling staff. This interesting and wideranging conference attracted speakers from Singapore, Korea, Eastern Europe as well as Britain.
When solving real-life engineering problems, linguistic information is often encountered that is frequently hard to quantify using "classical" mathematical techniques. This linguistic information represents subjective knowledge. Through the assumptions made by the analyst when forming the mathematical model, the linguistic information is often ignored. On the other hand, a wide range of traffic and transportation engineering parameters are characterized by uncertainty, subjectivity, imprecision, and ambiguity. Human operators, dispatchers, drivers, and passengers use this subjective knowledge or linguistic information on a daily basis when making decisions. Decisions about route choice, mode of transportation, most suitable departure time, or dispatching trucks are made by drivers, passengers, or dispatchers. In each case the decision maker is a human. The environment in which a human expert (human controller) makes decisions is most often complex, making it difficult to formulate a suitable mathematical model. Thus, the development of fuzzy logic systems seems justified in such situations. In certain situations we accept linguistic information much more easily than numerical information. In the same vein, we are perfectly capable of accepting approximate numerical values and making decisions based on them. In a great number of cases we use approximate numerical values exclusively. It should be emphasized that the subjective estimates of different traffic parameters differs from dispatcher to dispatcher, driver to driver, and passenger to passenger.
Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering is a comprehensive textbook on principles and practice. It includes sections on transport policy and planning, traffic surveys and accident investigation, road design for capacity and safety, and traffic management. Clearly written and illustrated, the book is ideal reading for students of transport, transport planning, traffic engineering and road design. Written by senior academics in the field of transport, it is a worthy successor to the widely acclaimed first volume of O'Flaherty's Highways. The content has been expanded and thoroughly updated to reflect the many changes that have taken place in this topical area.
Traffic Planning and Engineering, Second Edition takes into account underlying trends in traffic planning and engineering. In this edition, Chapter 3 has been remodeled, focusing on the techniques on conducting surveys and their subsequent analysis. Further emphasis has also been provided on environmental management and the central role of computers in all aspects of traffic planning and engineering. The topics discussed in this book include administration and planning in traffic engineering; traffic studies; traffic surveys and analysis; parking; traffic and environmental management; and road user, the vehicle and the road. The traffic stream and capacity; traffic control systems; street lighting, traffic signs, and carriageway markings; and accidents and road safety are also deliberated in this text. This publication is valuable to traffic engineering students, as well as individuals researching on techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.
- Author : Australian Road Research Board. Conference
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 1975
- Genre : Uncategorized
- Pages : 231
- ISBN : 0909996679
This volume discusses post-socialist urban transport functioning and development in Russia, within the context of the country’s recent transition towards a market economy. Over the past twenty-five years, urban transport in Russia has undergone serious transformations, prompted by the transitioning economy. Yet, the lack of readily available statistical data has led to a gap in the inclusion of Russia in the body of international transport economics research. By including ten chapters of original, cutting-edge research by Russian transport scholars, this book will close that gap. Discussing topics such as the relationship between urban spatial structure and travel behavior in post-soviet cities, road safety, trends and reforms in urban public transport development, transport planning and modelling, and the role of institutions in post-soviet transportation management, this book provides a comprehensive survey of the current state of transportation in Russia. The book concludes with a forecast for future travel development in Russia and makes recommendations for future policy. This book will be of interest to researchers in transportation economics and policy as well as policy makers and those working in the field of urban and transport planning.
This book offers solutions for creating sustainable urban transportation. Topics include historical developments, planning, policy and legislative initiatives, nonmotorized and public transportation, environmental and social justice issues, and safety. The author discusses social, health and economic consequences of autocentric transportation and possible policy measures to address them. The important topic of changing travel behavior is discussed. Chapters contain straightforward concepts, case studies, review questions and ideas for class projects.
- Author : Jorge Freire Sousa
- Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
- Release Date : 2014-02-20
- Genre : Technology & Engineering
- Pages : 489
- ISBN : 9783319046303
This volume brings together works resulting from research carried out by members of the EURO Working Group on Transportation (EWGT) and presented during meetings and workshops organized by the Group under the patronage of the Association of European Operational Research Societies in 2012 and 2013. The main targets of the EWGT include providing a forum to share research information and experience, encouraging joint research and the development of both theoretical methods and applications, and promoting cooperation among the many institutions and organizations which are leaders at national level in the field of transportation and logistics. The primary fields of interest concern operational research methods, mathematical models and computation algorithms, to solve and sustain solutions to problems mainly faced by public administrations, city authorities, public transport companies, service providers and logistic operators. Related areas of interest are: land use and transportation planning, traffic control and simulation models, traffic network equilibrium models, public transport planning and management, applications of combinatorial optimization, vehicle routing and scheduling, intelligent transport systems, logistics and freight transport, environment problems, transport safety, and impact evaluation methods. In this volume, attention focuses on the following topics of interest: · Decision-making and decision support · Energy and Environmental Impacts · Urban network design · Optimization and simulation · Traffic Modelling, Control and Network Traffic Management · Transportation Planning · Mobility, Accessibility and Travel Behavior · Vehicle Routing
- Author : Becky P. Y. Loo
- Publisher : CRC Press
- Release Date : 2015-09-14
- Genre : Mathematics
- Pages : 348
- ISBN : 1439874123
Examine the Prevalence and Geography of Road Collisions Spatial Analysis Methods of Road Traffic Collisions centers on the geographical nature of road crashes, and uses spatial methods to provide a greater understanding of the patterns and processes that cause them. Written by internationally known experts in the field of transport geography, the book outlines the key issues in identifying hazardous road locations (HRLs), considers current approaches used for reducing and preventing road traffic collisions, and outlines a strategy for improved road safety. The book covers spatial accuracy, validation, and other statistical issues, as well as link-attribute and event-based approaches, cluster identification, and risk exposure. The book provides a brief summary of the evolution of road safety in the twentieth century, explores current road safety problems, and establishes road safety as a public health issue. The authors discuss risk and socioeconomic factors, lifestyle and behavior, and the impact of urban development. They consider road engineering, signage, vehicle design, the education of road users, and the enforcement of traffic safety measures. They also factor in the overall impact of road traffic collisions on transportation systems, economic systems, health systems, and society as a whole. Combines theoretical methodology with empirical data Bridges research and practice in road safety Includes case studies from around the world Spatial Analysis Methods of Road Traffic Collisions takes a look at spatial methods and their role in analyzing road traffic collisions to improve road safety. A great addition to transportation safety practice and research, this book serves as a reference for spatial analysis researchers and postgraduate students in traffic and transportation engineering, transport, and urban transport planning.
- Author : Anonim
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 1995
- Genre : City planning
- Pages : 16
- ISBN : 0731036174
Global Practices on Road Traffic Signal Control is a valuable reference on the current state-of-the-art of road traffic signal control around the world. The book provides a detailed description of the common principles of road traffic signal control using a well-defined and consistent format that examines their application in countries and regions across the globe. This important resource considers the differences and special considerations across countries, providing useful insights into selecting control strategies for signal timing at intersections and pedestrian crosswalks. The book's authors also include success stories for coping with increasing traffic-related problems, examining both constraints and the reasons behind them. Presents a comprehensive reference on country-by-country practices on road traffic signal control Compiles and compares approaches across countries Covers theories and common principles Examines the most current systems and their implementation
- Author : Michèle Pezzagno
- Publisher : CRC Press
- Release Date : 2018-07-16
- Genre : Political Science
- Pages : 442
- ISBN : 9781351173353
Today, citizens advocate greater environmental sustainability, better services and the improvement of urban quality by promoting safer mobility, especially for the most vulnerable road users. Addressing these issues, Town and Infrastructure Planning for Safety and Urban Quality contains papers presented at the XXIII International Conference “Living and Walking in Cities” (Brescia, Italy, 15-16 June 2017). The contributions discuss town planning issues, look at best practices and research findings across the broad spectrum of urban and transport planning, with particular attention to the safety of pedestrians in the city. The main topics of the book are: - Urban regeneration. A focus on walkability (vulnerable road users; boosting and planning soft mobility) - Road safety and urban planning - vulnerable road users: planning for safety (integrated land use and transport planning; methodological approaches and case studies; integrated tools for town and transport planning; shaping public spaces and walkability; transport solutions for tourism) - Innovative and traditional solutions for Italian cities - Extra-European approaches to town and infrastructure planning - Different perspectives in road safety: prevention, infrastructure, sharing - Advances in road safety Town and Infrastructure Planning for Safety and Urban Quality is a powerful plea for a multi-disciplinary and comprehensive approach to urban mobility and planning, and will be of interest to academics, consultants and practitioners interested in these areas.
- Author : Cambridge Systematics
- Publisher : Transportation Research Board
- Release Date : 2000
- Genre : Traffic engineering
- Pages : 40
- ISBN : 030906662X
"This [i.e. The] purpose of this guidebook is to help organizations improve the development, implementation, and management of their transportation plans and programs. By adding an element of performance measurement and monitoring to existing transportation planning processes, agencies can obtain better information about the performance of their existing programs and services. Performance-based planning provides a process and tools to identify and assess alternative programs, projects, and services with respect to overall transportation plan goals and objectives."--Ch. 1. Overview, p. 3.