The Mind Within the Brain Book PDF

The Mind Within the Brain

  • Author : A. David Redish
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-08-01
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 377
  • ISBN : 9780199891887

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The Mind Within the Brain Book Description :

This book details the science behind decision-making in humans. Understanding how the human decision-making system works has enormous implications for understanding who we are, what we do, and why we make the choices we make. By bringing together the tremendous work that has been done by many scientists researching brains, decision-making, and machines over the last few decades, we can begin to get an understanding of ourselves. In this book, with humor, science, and poetry, David Redishdiscusses what is known about how brains work, what is known about how we make decisions, and what is known about how that decision-making machinery can break down under certain conditions to explain irrationality, addiction, and other strange behavior. The primary thesis of this book is that humans are animals that make decisions through computations engaged in by a decision-making machine. This book brings together the new technological breakthroughs that have appeared in the last few decades, the new theoretical progress that has been made in the neuroscience of decision-making in the last decade, and new revelations concerning how decision-making systems fail in both human and non-human mammals, to create a unified theory of decision-making and its vulnerabilities.

The Mind within the Brain Book PDF

The Mind within the Brain

  • Author : A. David Redish
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-06-19
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9780199988372

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The Mind within the Brain Book Description :

In The Mind within the Brain, David Redish brings together cutting edge research in psychology, robotics, economics, neuroscience, and the new fields of neuroeconomics and computational psychiatry, to offer a unified theory of human decision-making. Most importantly, Redish shows how vulnerabilities, or "failure-modes," in the decision-making system can lead to serious dysfunctions, such as irrational behavior, addictions, problem gambling, and PTSD. Told with verve and humor in an easily readable style, Redish makes these difficult concepts understandable. Ranging widely from the surprising roles of emotion, habit, and narrative in decision-making, to the larger philosophical questions of how mind and brain are related, what makes us human, the nature of morality, free will, and the conundrum of robotics and consciousness, The Mind within the Brain offers fresh insight into one of the most complex aspects of human behavior.

Phantoms in the Brain Book PDF

Phantoms in the Brain

  • Author : V. S. Ramachandran
  • Publisher : Harper Collins
  • Release Date : 1999-08-18
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9780688172176

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Phantoms in the Brain Book Description :

Neuroscientist V.S. Ramachandran is internationally renowned for uncovering answers to the deep and quirky questions of human nature that few scientists have dared to address. His bold insights about the brain are matched only by the stunning simplicity of his experiments -- using such low-tech tools as cotton swabs, glasses of water and dime-store mirrors. In Phantoms in the Brain, Dr. Ramachandran recounts how his work with patients who have bizarre neurological disorders has shed new light on the deep architecture of the brain, and what these findings tell us about who we are, how we construct our body image, why we laugh or become depressed, why we may believe in God, how we make decisions, deceive ourselves and dream, perhaps even why we're so clever at philosophy, music and art. Some of his most notable cases: A woman paralyzed on the left side of her body who believes she is lifting a tray of drinks with both hands offers a unique opportunity to test Freud's theory of denial. A man who insists he is talking with God challenges us to ask: Could we be "wired" for religious experience? A woman who hallucinates cartoon characters illustrates how, in a sense, we are all hallucinating, all the time. Dr. Ramachandran's inspired medical detective work pushes the boundaries of medicine's last great frontier -- the human mind -- yielding new and provocative insights into the "big questions" about consciousness and the self.

Brain Wise Book PDF

Brain Wise

  • Author : Patricia S. Churchland
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2002-10-02
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 9780262532006

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Brain Wise Book Description :

Progress in the neurosciences is profoundly changing our conception of ourselves. Contrary to time-honored intuition, the mind turns out to be a complex of brain functions. And contrary to the wishful thinking of some philosophers, there is no stemming the revolutionary impact that brain research will have on our understanding of how the mind works. Brain-Wise is the sequel to Patricia Smith Churchland's Neurophilosophy, the book that launched a subfield. In a clear, conversational manner, this book examines old questions about the nature of the mind within the new framework of the brain sciences. What, it asks, is the neurobiological basis of consciousness, the self, and free choice? How does the brain learn about the external world and about its own introspective world? What can neurophilosophy tell us about the basis and significance of religious and moral experiences? Drawing on results from research at the neuronal, neurochemical, system, and whole-brain levels, the book gives an up-to-date perspective on the state of neurophilosophy—what we know, what we do not know, and where things may go from here.

The Brain  the Mind  and the Person Within Book PDF

The Brain the Mind and the Person Within

  • Author : Mark P. Cosgrove
  • Publisher : Kregel Academic
  • Release Date : 2018-02-28
  • Genre : Religion
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9780825445262

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The Brain the Mind and the Person Within Book Description :

The brain, with its nearly one hundred billion neurons, is the most complex structure in the universe, and we are living in a period of revolutionary advancements in neuroscience. Yet scientists and skeptics often frame these findings in ways that challenge the Christian worldview. Many professionals and popularizers claim that human beings are their brains, and that all human behavior and experience are merely by-products of brain physiology. In The Brain, the Mind, and the Person Within, professor of psychology Mark Cosgrove not only explains what the brain is and what it does but also corrects common misinterpretations and demonstrates that what we know about the brain coheres with the teachings of Scripture. He contends that humans are unities of soul and body in which both the spiritual and the physical interact. From this perspective, he presents informative overviews of contemporary debates about the brain, including consciousness, free will, "God spots," personhood, and life after death. The better we understand the brain, the better we understand ourselves and our exquisite design that reflects the wisdom of the Creator. Thoughtful readers will find this to be a fascinating, accessible survey of this unique part of the body and the profound theological and technological issues surrounding it.

The Right Brain and the Unconscious Book PDF

The Right Brain and the Unconscious

  • Author : Rhawn Joseph
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1992-01-01
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : UOM:39015054073211

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The Right Brain and the Unconscious Book Description :

This breakthrough book presents, for the first time, the scientific underpinnings of the unconscious. Whereas clinical psychologists embrace the world of the mind and neuroscientists examine the physiology of the brain, neither approach alone can adequately explain the magnificent nuances of this remarkable organ or the realm of the unconscious. Here Dr. Joseph, an internationally recognized expert in the fields of both neuroscience and clinical psychology, weds these two seemingly disparate disciplines into one, generating one of the most astonishing books of our time. He offers compelling stories that show the extent to which humans are unaware of the intense power of our right brains and limbic systems. Although our left brain devises seemingly rational reasons for our choices and behavior, most of us have barely any conception of the stranger that lurks within our right brain. When we humans select a mate or act in a self-defeating manner at work or at home, what forces are truly at play? Why are so many people stunned that they repeatedly end up in destructive relationships? According to Dr. Joseph, the experiences of our childhood are etched onto the very circuitry of our brains and can profoundly influence our decisions on an unconscious level for the rest of our lives. He explicates how our inner Child, Parent, and Adult struggle to gain mastery of our choices. He further demonstrates how these inner forces trigger our defense mechanisms, keeping us in the dark about our true motivations. The revelations of this book will forever change the course of clinical psychology and neuropsychology. By merging clinical psychology and neuroscience, two antagonistic yet complementary disciplines, Dr. Joseph blazes a new path illuminating the most intriguing workings of the deepest recesses of our minds.

Conscious Mind  Resonant Brain Book PDF

Conscious Mind Resonant Brain

  • Author : Stephen Grossberg
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-04
  • Genre : Computers
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 9780190070557

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Conscious Mind Resonant Brain Book Description :

How does your mind work? How does your brain give rise to your mind? These are questions that all of us have wondered about at some point in our lives, if only because everything that we know is experienced in our minds. They are also very hard questions to answer. After all, how can a mind understand itself? How can you understand something as complex as the tool that is being used to understand it? This book provides an introductory and self-contained description of some of the exciting answers to these questions that modern theories of mind and brain have recently proposed. Stephen Grossberg is broadly acknowledged to be the most important pioneer and current research leader who has, for the past 50 years, modelled how brains give rise to minds, notably how neural circuits in multiple brain regions interact together to generate psychological functions. This research has led to a unified understanding of how, where, and why our brains can consciously see, hear, feel, and know about the world, and effectively plan and act within it. The work embodies revolutionary Principia of Mind that clarify how autonomous adaptive intelligence is achieved. It provides mechanistic explanations of multiple mental disorders, including symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, autism, amnesia, and sleep disorders; biological bases of morality and religion, including why our brains are biased towards the good so that values are not purely relative; perplexing aspects of the human condition, including why many decisions are irrational and self-defeating despite evolution's selection of adaptive behaviors; and solutions to large-scale problems in machine learning, technology, and Artificial Intelligence that provide a blueprint for autonomously intelligent algorithms and robots. Because brains embody a universal developmental code, unifying insights also emerge about shared laws that are found in all living cellular tissues, from the most primitive to the most advanced, notably how the laws go

Social Brain Book PDF

Social Brain

  • Author : Michael S. Gazzaniga
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1985-11-24
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN : UOM:39015015182655

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Social Brain Book Description :

Recounts the early days of split-brain research and updates it with new information on the separate modules within the brain that transform random stimuli into a distinct sense of consciousness

The Political Mind Book PDF

The Political Mind

  • Author : George Lakoff
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release Date : 2008-05-29
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9781440637834

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The Political Mind Book Description :

A groundbreaking scientific examination of the way our brains understand politics from a New York Times bestselling author One of the world 's best-known linguists and cognitive scientists, George Lakoff has a knack for making science make sense for general readers. In his new book, Lakoff spells out what cognitive science has discovered about reason, and reveals that human reason is far more interesting than we thought it was. Reason is physical, mostly unconscious, metaphorical, emotion-laden, and tied to empathy-and there are biological explanations behind our moral and political thought processes. His call for a New Enlightenment is a bold and striking challenge to the cherished beliefs not only of philosophers, but of pundits, pollsters, and political leaders. The Political Mind is a passionate, erudite, and groundbreaking book that will appeal to anyone interested in how the mind works and how we function socially and politically.

GENIUS WITHIN  Book PDF

GENIUS WITHIN

  • Author : DAVID. ADAM
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre : Uncategorized
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 1509805028

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GENIUS WITHIN Book Description :

The Mind Gut Connection Book PDF

The Mind Gut Connection

  • Author : Emeran Mayer
  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Release Date : 2018-06-05
  • Genre : Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780062846822

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The Mind Gut Connection Book Description :

Chances are, at some point in your life you’ve noticed the connection between your brain and your gut. If you’ve ever felt queasy as you walked into an uncomfortable situation or based a life decision based on a “gut feeling,” then you know that sometimes our bodies react faster than our minds. Most of us have also experienced the same phenomenon in reverse, where our mental state has affected our digestive system—like the butterflies in our stomach before an important meeting or a first date. But while the dialogue between the mind and the gut has been recognized for centuries, scientists today are just starting to understand how powerful that connection is. In The Mind-Gut Connection, Dr. Emeran Mayer, executive director of the UCLA Oppenheimer Center for the Neurobiology of Stress, offers a cutting-edge view into this developing science, showing us the full impact of how the brain, gut, and microbiome—the community of microorganisms that live inside the digestive tract—communicate. As Dr. Mayer explains, when this communication channel is out of whack, major health problems can crop up, including food sensitivities and allergies, digestive disorders, obesity, depression, anxiety, and fatigue. The Mind-Gut Connection teaches us how, with a few simple changes to our diet and lifestyle, we can enjoy a happier mindset, enhanced immunity, a decreased risk of developing neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, and even lose weight. With a simple, practical regimen drawn from the latest research, Dr. Mayer shows us that paying attention to the mind-gut balance is the key to unlocking vibrant health.

The Right Brain and the Unconscious Book PDF

The Right Brain and the Unconscious

  • Author : Dr.r. Joseph
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Release Date : 2001-10-19
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 0738206261

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The Right Brain and the Unconscious Book Description :

This breakthrough book presents, for the first time, the scientific underpinnings of the unconscious. Whereas clinical psychologists embrace the world of the mind and neuroscientists examine the physiology of the brain, neither approach alone can adequately explain the magnificent nuances of this remarkable organ or the realm of the unconscious. Here Dr. Joseph, an internationally recognized expert in the fields of both neuroscience and clinical psychology, weds these two seemingly disparate disciplines into one, generating one of the most astonishing books of our time. He offers compelling stories that show the extent to which humans are unaware of the intense power of our right brains and limbic systems. Although our left brain devises seemingly rational reasons for our choices and behavior, most of us have barely any conception of the stranger that lurks within our right brain. When we humans select a mate or act in a self-defeating manner at work or at home, what forces are truly at play? Why are so many people stunned that they repeatedly end up in destructive relationships? According to Dr. Joseph, the experiences of our childhood are etched onto the very circuitry of our brains and can profoundly influence our decisions on an unconscious level for the rest of our lives. He explicates how our inner Child, Parent, and Adult struggle to gain mastery of our choices. He further demonstrates how these inner forces trigger our defense mechanisms, keeping us in the dark about our true motivations. The revelations of this book will forever change the course of clinical psychology and neuropsychology. By merging clinical psychology and neuroscience, two antagonistic yet complementary disciplines, Dr. Joseph blazes a new path illuminating the most intriguing workings of the deepest recesses of our minds.

The Mind Within the Net Book PDF

The Mind Within the Net

  • Author : Manfred Spitzer
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN : 0262692368

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The Mind Within the Net Book Description :

How does the brain work? How do billions of neurons bring about ideas, sensations, emotions, and actions? Why do children learn faster than elderly people? What can go wrong in perception, thinking, learning, and acting? Scientists now use computer models to help us to understand the most private and human experiences. In The Mind Within the Net, Manfred Spitzer shows how these models can fundamentally change how we think about learning, creativity, thinking, and acting, as well as such matters as schools, retirement homes, politics, and mental disorders. Neurophysiology has told us a lot about how neurons work; neural network theory is about how neurons work together to process information. In this highly readable book, Spitzer provides a basic, nonmathematical introduction to neural networks and their clinical applications. Part I explains the fundamental theory of neural networks and how neural network models work. Part II covers the principles of network functioning and how computer simulations of neural networks have profound consequences for our understanding of how the brain works. Part III covers applications of network models (e.g., to knowledge representation, language, and mental disorders such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease) that shed new light on normal and abnormal states of mind. Finally, Spitzer concludes with his thoughts on the ramifications of neural networks for the understanding of neuropsychology and human nature.

Ecology of the Brain Book PDF

Ecology of the Brain

  • Author : Thomas Fuchs
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-15
  • Genre : Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780191078378

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Ecology of the Brain Book Description :

Present day neuroscience places the brain at the centre of study. But what if researchers viewed the brain not as the foundation of life, rather as a mediating organ? Ecology of the Brain addresses this very question. It considers the human body as a collective, a living being which uses the brain to mediate interactions. Those interactions may be both within the human body and between the human body and its environment. Within this framework, the mind is seen not as a product of the brain but as an activity of the living being; an activity which integrates the brain within the everyday functions of the human body. Going further, Fuchs reformulates the traditional mind-brain problem, presenting it as a dual aspect of the living being: the lived body and the subjective body - the living body and the objective body. The processes of living and experiencing life, Fuchs argues, are in fact inextricably linked; it is not the brain, but the human being who feels, thinks and acts. For students and academics, Ecology of the Brain will be of interest to those studying or researching theory of mind, social and cultural interaction, psychiatry, and psychotherapy.

How Brains Make Up Their Minds Book PDF

How Brains Make Up Their Minds

  • Author : Walter J. Freeman
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre : Brain
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 0297842579

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How Brains Make Up Their Minds Book Description :

I think, therefore I am. The legendary pronouncement of philosopher Ren? Descartes lingers as accepted wisdom in the Western world nearly four centuries after its author's death. But does thought really come first? Who actually runs the show: we, our thoughts, or the neurons firing within our brains? Walter J. Freeman explores how we control our behavior and make sense of the world around us. Avoiding determinism both in sociobiology, which proposes that persons' genes control their brains' functioning, and in neuroscience, which posits that their brains' disposition is molded by chemistry and environmental forces, Freeman charts a new course -- one that gives individuals due credit and responsibility for their actions. Drawing upon his five decades of research in neuroscience, Freeman utilizes the latest advances in his field as well as perspectives from disciplines as diverse as mathematics, psychology, and philosophy to explicate how different human brains act in their chosen diverse ways. He clarifies the implications of brain imaging, by which neural activity can be observed during the course of normal movements, and shows how nonlinear dynamics reveals order within the fecund chaos of brain function.

Neither Brain Nor Ghost Book PDF

Neither Brain Nor Ghost

  • Author : W. Teed Rockwell
  • Publisher : Bradford Books
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : UOM:39015061178847

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Neither Brain Nor Ghost Book Description :

A rejection of both dualism and the mind-brain identity theory, arguing that the mind is best understood as a "behavioral field" that fluctuates within the brain/body/world nexus.

Silence of the Mind Book PDF

Silence of the Mind

  • Author : Ketan Bajaj
  • Publisher : Dr. Ketan Bajaj
  • Release Date : 2012-11-28
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 8184659237

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Silence of the Mind Book Description :

Our mind talks to itself. It does so silently, such that only our mind can hear this inner voice and not anybody outside. Our mind ponders over memories, repeating past dialogues. Our mind plans and rehearses inner dialogues before we take decisions and actions. There is a continuous inner speech going on within the theatrical stage of our mind...but sometimes, this 'inner speech' of the mind becomes a cause of stress for the mind; and one doesn't know how to stop it, how to escape it... I discuss here the phenomenon of mind's 'inner speech' and explain what it is and how it is generated in our Mind, with glimpses to underlying brain mechanisms. Inner speech is influenced by the past, the present and the future. The past is represented as memories within the brain, the future represented as stored desires and the present as sensory stimulus inputs to the brain. Memories, desires and senses together influence inner speech and on top of these emotions modulate its nature, intensity and quality. Troublesome thoughts in our Mind become stressful, uncontrollable and sometimes inescapable. This gives rise to a need to control Mind's inner speech. I discuss how mind's inner speech can be understood and controlled so that a sense of peace and joy prevails over the mind. I call this as achieving Yoga, that is, "Silence of the Mind." I discuss how knowledge, action, attention and devotion can control the Mind. In the Bhagwad Gita, the holy book of the Hindus, Lord Krishna gives a discourse on Yoga. The Bhagwad Gita talks about Gyana Yoga, Karma Yoga, Dhyana Yoga and Bhakti Yoga. The Lord had meant Yoga to be a way of controlling the mind; but Yoga has become a highly misinterpreted word these days. It has been narrowed down to just a set of asana i.e. physical postures and exercises. Yoga is in fact training the Mind, controlling the Inner Voice. I try here to bring back the lost meaning of Yoga and emphasize here that Yoga means Silence of the Mind. Gyana, Karma, Dhyana and

How Do We Know How the Brain Works Book PDF

How Do We Know How the Brain Works

  • Author : Donald Cleveland
  • Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
  • Release Date : 2004-12-15
  • Genre : Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 1404200789

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How Do We Know How the Brain Works Book Description :

Our understanding of the human brain has come a long way since the days of out ancestors, but we still lack a complete knowledge of how the mind works. This thought-provoking text travels the paths taken in out quest to decipher the brain and its processes, a quest that continues today.

Neural Theories of Mind Book PDF

Neural Theories of Mind

  • Author : William R. Uttal
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-25
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9781000149401

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Neural Theories of Mind Book Description :

In this fascinating book, William R. Uttal raises the possibility that, however much we learn about the anatomy and physiology of the brain and psychology, we may never be able to cross the final bridge explaining how the mind is produced by the brain. Three main classes of mind-brain theory are considered and rejected: field theories, because they are based on a superficial analogy; single cell theories, because they emerge from a massive uncontrolled experimental program; and neural net theories, because they are constrained by combinatorial complexity. To support his argument, Uttal explores the empirical and conceptual foundations of these theoretical approaches and identifies flaws in their fundamental logic. The author concludes that the problems preventing solution of the mind-brain problem are intractable, yet well within the confines of natural science.

The Spontaneous Brain Book PDF

The Spontaneous Brain

  • Author : Georg Northoff
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-09
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 9780262038072

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The Spontaneous Brain Book Description :

An argument for a Copernican revolution in our consideration of mental features—a shift in which the world-brain problem supersedes the mind-body problem. Philosophers have long debated the mind-body problem—whether to attribute such mental features as consciousness to mind or to body. Meanwhile, neuroscientists search for empirical answers, seeking neural correlates for consciousness, self, and free will. In this book, Georg Northoff does not propose new solutions to the mind-body problem; instead, he questions the problem itself, arguing that it is an empirically, ontologically, and conceptually implausible way to address the existence and reality of mental features. We are better off, he contends, by addressing consciousness and other mental features in terms of the relationship between world and brain; philosophers should consider the world-brain problem rather than the mind-body problem. This calls for a Copernican shift in vantage point—from within the mind or brain to beyond the brain—in our consideration of mental features. Northoff, a neuroscientist, psychiatrist, and philosopher, explains that empirical evidence suggests that the brain's spontaneous activity and its spatiotemporal structure are central to aligning and integrating the brain within the world. This spatiotemporal structure allows the brain to extend beyond itself into body and world, creating the “world-brain relation” that is central to mental features. Northoff makes his argument in empirical, ontological, and epistemic-methodological terms. He discusses current models of the brain and applies these models to recent data on neuronal features underlying consciousness and proposes the world-brain relation as the ontological predisposition for consciousness.