Social Comparison  Judgment  and Behavior Book PDF

Social Comparison Judgment and Behavior

  • Author : Jerry Suls
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-22
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 9780190089085

Social Comparison Judgment and Behavior Book Description :

Comparison with other people, a core element of social life, influences self-concept, attitudes, conformity, psychological and physical well-being, achievement, educational outcomes, and social movements. Social comparison has become particularly salient as social and income inequalities have been increasingly recognized in the United States and elsewhere globally. This volume presents classic and state-of-the-science chapters by leading experts that survey the major areas of social comparison theory and research. Authored by noted experts, the volume is divided into three sections: Basic Comparison Processes, Neighboring Fields, and Applications. The first section is comprised of chapters that update classic theories and present contemporary advances, such as the dominating effect of local versus global comparisons, an analysis of the psychology of competition, how comparisons across different domains influence self-concept and achievement, and the integral connections between stereotyping and comparison. The second section introduces perspectives from related fields, such as the decision and network sciences, that shed new light on social comparison. The third section focuses on practical applications of comparison, including relative deprivation, health psychology, the effects of income inequality on well-being, and the relationship of power to comparison. This volume is a must-read for anyone interested in the field of social comparison and its implications for everyday life.

Handbook of Social Comparison Book PDF

Handbook of Social Comparison

  • Author : Jerry Suls
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 9781461542377

Handbook of Social Comparison Book Description :

Comparison of objects, events, and situations is integral to judgment; comparisons of the self with other people comprise one of the building blocks of human conduct and experience. After four decades of research, the topic of social comparison is more popular than ever. In this timely handbook a distinguished roster of researchers and theoreticians describe where the field has been since its development in the early 1950s and where it is likely to go next.

The Self in Social Judgment Book PDF

The Self in Social Judgment

  • Author : Mark D. Alicke
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-13
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9781135423445

The Self in Social Judgment Book Description :

The volume begins with a historical overview of the self in social judgment and outlines the major issues. Subsequent chapters, all written by leading experts in their respective areas, identify and elaborate four major themes regarding the self in social judgment: · the role of the self as an information source for evaluating others, or what has been called 'social projection' · the assumption of personal superiority as reflected in the pervasive tendency for people to view their characteristics more favorably than those of others · the role of the self as a comparison standard from or toward which other people's behaviors and attributes are assimilated or contrasted · the relative weight people place on the individual and collective selves in defining their attributes and comparing them to those of other people

Social Comparison Theories Book PDF

Social Comparison Theories

  • Author : Diederik A. Stapel
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN : PSU:000058302101

Social Comparison Theories Book Description :

In effect, social comparison is a fundamental process of self-conception through the perception of others-self, as it is identified with others.

Handbook of Self enhancement and Self protection Book PDF

Handbook of Self enhancement and Self protection

  • Author : Mark D. Alicke
  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • Release Date : 2011-01-01
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN : 9781609180027

Handbook of Self enhancement and Self protection Book Description :

This is the first major volume dedicated to the processes by which people exaggerate their virtues, deemphasize their shortcomings, or protect themselves against threatening feedback. Leading investigators present cutting-edge work on the key role of self-enhancing and self-protective motives in social perception, cognition, judgment, and behavior. Compelling topics include the psychological benefits and risks of self-enhancement and self-protection; personality traits and contextual factors that make certain individuals more likely to hold distorted views of the self; innovative approaches to assessment and measurement; and implications for relationships, achievement, and mental health.

Social Comparison  Social Justice  and Relative Deprivation Book PDF

Social Comparison Social Justice and Relative Deprivation

  • Author : John C. Masters
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 1987
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : UOM:39015013452381

Social Comparison Social Justice and Relative Deprivation Book Description :

First published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Theories of Group Behavior Book PDF

Theories of Group Behavior

  • Author : Brian Mullen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN : 9781461246343

Theories of Group Behavior Book Description :

In the fall of 1983, we began to organize a symposium entitled "General Social Psychological Theories of Group Behavior." Our goal was to encourage the extension and application of basic current social psychology to group behavior. The symposium was presented in the spring of 1984 at the Eastern Psychological Association convention in Baltimore and the interest that it generated led to discussions with colleagues and friends about similar efforts by social psychologists, eventually resulting in the present book. Some clarification about the contents is in order. First, the theories presented here are clearly social psychological in scope and level of analysis, as discussed in the Introduction (Chapter 1). However, we are not trying to encompass sociological, anthropological, political, or historical theoretical approaches to group behavior. Second, while the theories comprise a wide-ranging and representative, if not quite exhaustive, selection of social psychological theories of group behavior, there are some interesting and general perspectives that are not represented. For example, one perspective that is conspicuous by its absence is some variant of learning theory. Aside from the rare, notable exception (e.g., Buss, 1979), little work currently is being done on group behavior from a learning theoretic perspective. Our inclusion or exclusion of a theory reflects our judgment regarding its currency and accessibility to social psychological researchers.

Health  Coping  and Well being Book PDF

Health Coping and Well being

  • Author : Bram Buunk
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : UOM:39015041330005

Health Coping and Well being Book Description :

This volume presents an overview of the various ways in which social comparison theory has been applied to issues related to health, coping and well-being, and also to point out how these applications have contributed to our insight into the way humans employ social comparison information.

Standards and Expectancies Book PDF

Standards and Expectancies

  • Author : Monica Biernat
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2012-10-12
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9781135432966

Standards and Expectancies Book Description :

This book examines how standards and expectancies affect judgments of others and the self. Standards are points of comparison, expectancies are beliefs about the future, and both serve as frames of reference against which current events and people (including the self) are experienced. The central theme of the book is that judgments can be characterized as either assimilative or contrastive in nature. Assimilation occurs when the target of evaluation (another person, the self) is pulled toward or judged consistently with the standard or expectation, and contrast occurs when the target is differentiated from (judged in a direction opposite) the comparative frame. The book considers factors that determine whether assimilation versus contrast occurs, and focuses on the roles of contextual cues, the self, and stereotypes as standards for judging others, and the roles of internalized guides, stereotypes, and other people for judging the self.

Advances in Experimental Social Psychology Book PDF

Advances in Experimental Social Psychology

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-08
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 9780124072060

Advances in Experimental Social Psychology Book Description :

Advances in Experimental Social Psychology continues to be one of the most sought after and most often cited series in this field. Containing contributions of major empirical and theoretical interest, this series represents the best and the brightest in new research, theory, and practice in social psychology. This serial is part of the Social Sciences package on ScienceDirect. Visit for more information. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology is available online on ScienceDirect — full-text online of volume 32 onward. Elsevier book series on ScienceDirect gives multiple users throughout an institution simultaneous online access to an important complement to primary research. Digital delivery ensures users reliable, 24-hour access to the latest peer-reviewed content. The Elsevier book series are compiled and written by the most highly regarded authors in their fields and are selected from across the globe using Elsevier’s extensive researcher network. For more information about the Elsevier Book Series on ScienceDirect Program, please visit One of the most sought after and most often cited series in this field Contains contributions of major empirical and theoretical interest Represents the best and the brightest in new research, theory, and practice in social psychology

The Hype Machine Book PDF

The Hype Machine

  • Author : Sinan Aral
  • Publisher : Currency
  • Release Date : 2020-09-15
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9780525574521

The Hype Machine Book Description :

A landmark insider’s tour of how social media affects our decision-making and shapes our world in ways both useful and dangerous, with critical insights into the social media trends of the 2020 election and beyond “The book might be described as prophetic. . . . At least two of Aral’s three predictions have come to fruition.”—New York NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY WIRED • LONGLISTED FOR THE PORCHLIGHT BUSINESS BOOK AWARD Social media connected the world—and gave rise to fake news and increasing polarization. It is paramount, MIT professor Sinan Aral says, that we recognize the outsize effect social media has on us—on our politics, our economy, and even our personal health—in order to steer today’s social technology toward its great promise while avoiding the ways it can pull us apart. Drawing on decades of his own research and business experience, Aral goes under the hood of the most powerful social networks to tackle the critical question of just how much social media actually shapes our choices, for better or worse. He shows how the tech behind social media offers the same set of behavior influencing levers to everyone who hopes to change the way we think and act—from Russian hackers to brand marketers—which is why its consequences affect everything from elections to business, dating to health. Along the way, he covers a wide array of topics, including how network effects fuel Twitter’s and Facebook’s massive growth, the neuroscience of how social media affects our brains, the real consequences of fake news, the power of social ratings, and the impact of social media on our kids. In mapping out strategies for being more thoughtful consumers of social media, The Hype Machine offers the definitive guide to understanding and harnessing for good the technology that has redefined our world overnight.

Psychology of Decision Making in Education  Behavior  and High Risk Situations Book PDF

Psychology of Decision Making in Education Behavior and High Risk Situations

  • Author : Jeanine A. Elsworth
  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : UVA:X030262577

Psychology of Decision Making in Education Behavior and High Risk Situations Book Description :

In a fast-moving world, the necessity of making decisions, and preferably good ones, has become even more difficult. One reason is the variety and number of choices perhaps available which often are not presented or understood. Alternatives are often unclear and complex paths to them confusing and misleading. Thus the process of decision making itself requires analysis on an ongoing basis. Decision making is often made based on cultural factors whereas the best alternative might be quite different. The subject touches ethics aspects as well as psychological considerations. This book presents important research on the psychology of decision making related to education, behaviour and high risk situations.

Social Comparison Processes Book PDF

Social Comparison Processes

  • Author : Jerry M. Suls
  • Publisher : Hemisphere Pub
  • Release Date : 1977
  • Genre : Attitude (Psychology).
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105036949225

Social Comparison Processes Book Description :

Social Psychology Quarterly Book PDF

Social Psychology Quarterly

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1979
  • Genre : Social psychology
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : UOM:39076000737481

Social Psychology Quarterly Book Description :

Motivated Social Perception Book PDF

Motivated Social Perception

  • Author : Steven J. Spencer
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2003-01-30
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9781135641146

Motivated Social Perception Book Description :

This volume highlights state-of-the-art research on motivated social perception by the leaders in the field. Recently a number of researchers developed influential accounts of how motivation affects social perception. Unfortunately, this work was developed without extensive contact between the researchers, and therefore evolved into two distinct traditions. The first tradition shows that the motivation to maintain a positive self-concept and to define oneself in the social world can dramatically affect people's social perception. The second one shows that people's goals have a dramatic effect on how they see themselves and others. Motivated Social Perception shows how these two approaches often overlap and provides insights into how these two perspectives are integrated. Motivated Social Perception contains chapters on: *the effect of motivation on the activation and application of stereotypes; *self-affirmation in the evaluations of the self and others; *implicit and explicit aspects of self-esteem; *self-esteem contingencies and relational aspects of the self; *an investigation of the roots and functions of basic goals; and *extensions of self-regulatory theory. This book is intended for scholars, researchers, and advanced students interested in social perception and social cognition.