Social and Applied Aspects of Perceiving Faces Book PDF

Social and Applied Aspects of Perceiving Faces

  • Author : Thomas R. Alley
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-13
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9781134738786

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Social and Applied Aspects of Perceiving Faces Book Description :

This interdisciplinary overview integrates a variety of perspectives on the process and interpretation of faces as a major source of verbal and nonverbal communication. Written by authors from social, experimental, and cognitive psychology as well as from the dental sciences, Social and Applied Aspects of Perceiving Faces covers topics including normal variation in facial appearance and facial anomalies.

Face Perception Book PDF

Face Perception

  • Author : Vicki Bruce
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 481
  • ISBN : 9781841698786

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Face Perception Book Description :

Human faces are unique biological structures that convey a complex variety of important social messages. Even strangers can tell things from our faces âe" our feelings, our locus of attention, something of what we are saying, our age, sex and ethnic group, whether they find us attractive. In recent years there has been genuine progress in understanding how our brains derive all these different messages from faces and what can happen when one or other of the structures involved is damaged. Face Perception provides an up-to-date, integrative summary by two authors who have helped develop and shape the field over the past 30 years. It encompasses topics as diverse as the visual information our brains can exploit when we look at faces, whether prejudicial attitudes can affect how we see faces, and how people with neurodevelopmental disorders see faces. The material is digested and summarised in a way that is accessible to students, within a structure that focuses on the different things we can do with faces. It offers a compelling synthesis of behavioural, neuropsychological and cognitive neuroscience approaches to develop a distinctive point of view of the area. The book concludes by reviewing what is known about the development of face processing and re-examines the question of what makes faces âe~specialâe(tm). Written in a clear and accessible style, this is invaluable reading for all students and researchers interested in studying face perception and social cognition.

Perceiving and Remembering Faces Book PDF

Perceiving and Remembering Faces

  • Author : Graham Davies
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1981
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : UOM:39015001009664

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Perceiving and Remembering Faces Book Description :

The processes by which we recognise - or fail to recognise - another face have a perennial fascination for laymen and scientists alike. However, it is only in recent years that the problem has received systematic study by experimental psychologists. This book brings together such new information for the first time, in the form of a set of review articles, each written by a leading researcher in the field. Contributions have been grouped into those where the primary emphasis is upon theory and those where the major concern is with applied problems. Among the issues encompassed by the theory section are: face recognition in infants and children; disturbance associated with brain damage; social and racial aspects; the perception of emotion in the face and the significance of different physiognomic areas in mediating recognition. The relationship of face recognition, both to other memory processes and to information processing in general, is also extensively covered. In the applied section, areas considered include: psycho-legal aspects of identification with special reference to parades or 'line-ups'; studies of recall tools like 'Identikit' and 'Photofit'; the computerised identification and retrieval of facial images, and the effectiveness of training procedures designed to improve facial memory. Perceiving and Remembering Faces is invaluable to psychologists, whether academics working in higher education or applied practitioners such as clinical psychologists. The emphasis on practical as well as theoretical issues; however, ensures that the book is also of considerable interest to lawyers, criminologists and law enforcement specialists, or indeed to anyone whose work brings them into contact with that central enigma of all human perception and communication: the human face.

Life Like Dolls Book PDF

Life Like Dolls

  • Author : A. F. Robertson
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 0415944511

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Life Like Dolls Book Description :

"... Provides a unique window into the lives of the women who collect and love these dolls"--P. [4] of cover.

Nonverbal Behavior in Clinical Settings Book PDF

Nonverbal Behavior in Clinical Settings

  • Author : Pierre Philippot
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 9780195141092

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Nonverbal Behavior in Clinical Settings Book Description :

Selling Points - Presents the newest theoretical and empiral advances in the domain Relates clinical impliations and applications to basic research issues Gathers contributions in different sub-fields thate are rarely presented jointly During the past 25 years, the study of nonverbal behavior has become a signifcant subarea of psychology. Employing a variety of approaches and encompassing numerous perspectives, researchers have made important theoretical and empirical strides in discovering the origins, functions, and consequences of nonverbal behavior. This research has clearly shown that nonverbal behavior plays a far greater role than merely reflecting emotional experience -- it also plays a central role in psychological adaptation. This volume presents, in an integrated framework, contemporary perspectives on the role of nonverbal behavior in psychological regulation, adaptation, and psychopathology, and includes both empirical and theoretical research that is central to our understanding of the reciprocal influences between nonverbal behavior, psychopathology, and therapeutic processes. It has several objectives: One is to present fundamental theories and data relevant to researchers and clinicians working in such fields as psychopathology and psychotherapy. Another objective is to link contributions of basic research to clinical applications. Finally, the volume gathers contributions in different sub-fields that are rarely presented jointly, such as brain damage and non-verbal skills.

Evolutionary Social Psychology Book PDF

Evolutionary Social Psychology

  • Author : Jeffry A. Simpson
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-06-17
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9781134996735

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Evolutionary Social Psychology Book Description :

What a pity it would have been if biologists had refused to accept Darwin's theory of natural selection, which has been essential in helping biologists understand a wide range of phenomena in many animal species. These days, to study any animal species while refusing to consider the evolved adaptive significance of their behavior would be considered pure folly--unless, of course, the species is homo sapiens. Graduate students training to study this particular primate species may never take a single course in evolutionary theory, although they may take two undergraduate and up to four graduate courses in statistics. These methodologically sophisticated students then embark on a career studying human aggression, cooperation, mating behavior, family relationships, or altruism with little or no understanding of the general evolutionary forces and principles that shaped the behaviors they are investigating. This book hopes to redress that wrong. It is one of the first to apply evolutionary theories to mainstream problems in personality and social psychology that are relevant to a wide range of important social phenomena, many of which have been shaped and molded by natural selection during the course of human evolution. These phenomena include selective biases that people have concerning how and why a variety of activities occur. For example: * information exchanged during social encounters is initially perceived and interpreted; * people are romantically attracted to some potential mates but not others; * people often guard, protect, and work hard at maintaining their closest relationships; * people form shifting and highly complicated coalitions with kin and close friends; and * people terminate close, long-standing relationships. Evolutionary Social Psychology begins to disentangle the complex, interwoven patterns of interaction that define our social lives and relationships.

The Wiley Handbook of Art Therapy Book PDF

The Wiley Handbook of Art Therapy

  • Author : David E. Gussak
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-01-19
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 906
  • ISBN : 9781118306598

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The Wiley Handbook of Art Therapy Book Description :

The Wiley Handbook of Art Therapy is a collection of original, internationally diverse essays, that provides unsurpassed breadth and depth of coverage of the subject. The most comprehensive art therapy book in the field, exploring a wide range of themes A unique collection of the current and innovative clinical, theoretical and research approaches in the field Cutting-edge in its content, the handbook includes the very latest trends in the subject, and in-depth accounts of the advances in the art therapy arena Edited by two highly renowned and respected academics in the field, with a stellar list of global contributors, including Judy Rubin, Vija Lusebrink, Selma Ciornai, Maria d' Ella and Jill Westwood Part of the Wiley Handbooks in Clinical Psychology series

The Student s Guide to Social Neuroscience Book PDF

The Student s Guide to Social Neuroscience

  • Author : Jamie Ward
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2016-12-14
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 9781317439189

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The Student s Guide to Social Neuroscience Book Description :

Social neuroscience is a rapidly growing field which explains, using neural mechanisms, our ability to recognize, understand, and interact with others. Concepts such as trust, revenge, empathy, prejudice, and love are now being explored and unravelled by neuroscientists. This engaging and cutting-edge text provides an accessible introduction to the complex methods and concepts of social neuroscience, with examples from contemporary research and a blend of different pedagogical features helping students to engage with the material, including essay questions, summary and key points, and further reading suggestions. The second edition of this ground-breaking text has been thoroughly revised and expanded to reflect the growing volume of evidence and theories in the field. Notable additions include a greater emphasis on genetics and hormones, and the expansion of topics such as cultural neuroscience, emotion regulation, biological markers of autism, power and status, social categorization, and new accounts of mirror neuron functioning. The book is supported by a fully updated companion website, featuring student resources including lecture recordings, multiple choice questions and useful web links, as well as PowerPoint slides for lecturers. Richly illustrated in attractive full-color, with figures, boxes, and ‘real-world’ implications of research, this text is the ideal introduction to the field for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in fields such as psychology and neuroscience.

In Your Face Book PDF

In Your Face

  • Author : David Perrett
  • Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
  • Release Date : 2010-09-23
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9780230364851

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In Your Face Book Description :

In our daily lives, in our memories and fantasies, our mental worlds overflow with faces. But what do we really know about this most remarkable feature of the human body? Why do we have faces at all, and brains that are good at reading them? What do our looks say – and not say – about our personalities? And perhaps the most compelling question of all: Why are we attracted to some faces more than others? 'In Your Face' is an engaging and authoritative tour of the science of facial beauty and face perception. David Perrett, the pre-eminent scholar in the field, reveals and interprets the most remarkable findings and in the process demolishes many popular myths, setting the record straight on what neuroscience and evolutionary psychology are teaching us about beauty. The record is more surprising and often more unsettling than you might think.

Perceiving Events and Objects Book PDF

Perceiving Events and Objects

  • Author : Gunnar Jansson
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-06-17
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 9781134785544

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Perceiving Events and Objects Book Description :

Beginning with his doctoral dissertation in 1950 which introduced the study of event perception and the application of vector analysis to perception, Gunnar Johansson has been a seminal figure in the field of perception. His work on biomechanical motion in the 1970s challenged conventional notions and stimulated great interest among experimental psychologists and students of machine vision. In 1989 Johansson published his latest theoretical synthesis, the optic sphere theory, an innovative conceptualization that goes beyond his earlier proposals. This volume presents -- for the first time -- an extensive precis of the out-of-print classic 1950 monograph prepared by Johansson. It also includes a representative set of Johansson's important publications produced over the ensuing four decades. These papers served as the springboard for a set of original essays by a distinguished group of North American and European scientists. Part critical commentary, part elaboration, and part seeking new directions, the entire collection makes for a singularly rich treatment of the perception of objects and events.

Visual Perception Book PDF

Visual Perception

  • Author : Vicki Bruce
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2014-08-27
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 9781136917073

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Visual Perception Book Description :

This comprehensively updated and expanded revision of the successful second edition continues to provide detailed coverage of the ever-growing range of research topics in vision. In Part I, the treatment of visual physiology has been extensively revised with an updated account of retinal processing, a new section explaining the principles of spatial and temporal filtering which underlie discussions in later chapters, and an up-to-date account of the primate visual pathway. Part II contains four largely new chapters which cover recent psychophysical evidence and computational model of early vision: edge detection, perceptual grouping, depth perception, and motion perception. The models discussed are extensively integrated with physiological evidence. All other chapters in Parts II, III, and IV have also been thoroughly updated.

Face Processing Book PDF

Face Processing

  • Author : Graham Hole
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2010-06-17
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 9780199235704

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Face Processing Book Description :

'Face Processing' seeks to answer questions such as how we recognise familiar faces, and which factors determine facial attractiveness. Drawing on a wealth of studies and research, it is an essential companion for undergraduates studying face processing as part of a psychology degree.

Intelligent Computing Theories and Application Book PDF

Intelligent Computing Theories and Application

  • Author : De-Shuang Huang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-07-11
  • Genre : Computers
  • Pages : 936
  • ISBN : 9783319422947

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Intelligent Computing Theories and Application Book Description :

This two-volume set LNCS 9771 and LNCS 9772 constitutes - in conjunction with the volume LNAI 9773 - the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2016, held in Lanzhou, China, in August 2016. The 221 full papers and 15 short papers of the three proceedings volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from 639 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections such as signal processing and image processing; information security, knowledge discovery, and data mining; systems biology and intelligent computing in computational biology; intelligent computing in scheduling; information security; advances in swarm intelligence: algorithms and applications; machine learning and data analysis for medical and engineering applications; evolutionary computation and learning; independent component analysis; compressed sensing, sparse coding; social computing; neural networks; nature inspired computing and optimization; genetic algorithms; signal processing; pattern recognition; biometrics recognition; image processing; information security; virtual reality and human-computer interaction; healthcare informatics theory and methods; artificial bee colony algorithms; differential evolution; memetic algorithms; swarm intelligence and optimization; soft computing; protein structure and function prediction; advances in swarm intelligence: algorithms and applications; optimization, neural network, and signal processing; biomedical informatics and image processing; machine learning; knowledge discovery and natural language processing; nature inspired computing and optimization; intelligent control and automation; intelligent data analysis and prediction; computer vision; knowledge representation and expert system; bioinformatics.

The Psychology of Stereotyping Book PDF

The Psychology of Stereotyping

  • Author : David J. Schneider
  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • Release Date : 2004-01-01
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 1572309296

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The Psychology of Stereotyping Book Description :

The first comprehensive treatment of stereotypes and stereotyping, this text synthesizes a vast body of social and cognitive research that has emerged over the past-quarter century. Provided is an unusually broad analysis of stereotypes as products both of individual cognitive activities and of social and cultural forces. While devoting careful attention to harmful aspects of stereotypes, their connections to prejudice and discrimination, and effective strategies for countering them, the volume also examines the positive functions of generalizations in helping people navigate a complex world. Unique features include four chapters addressing the content of stereotypes, which consider such topics as why certain traits are the focus of stereotyping and how they become attributed to particular groups. An outstanding text for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses, the volume is highly readable and features many useful examples.

Perception   Control of Self motion Book PDF

Perception Control of Self motion

  • Author : Rik Warren
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 647
  • ISBN : 0805809090

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Perception Control of Self motion Book Description :

First Published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Ecological Psychology in Context Book PDF

Ecological Psychology in Context

  • Author : Harry Heft
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2015-12-22
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 9781135689599

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Ecological Psychology in Context Book Description :

In this book Harry Heft examines the historical and theoretical foundations of James J. Gibson's ecological psychology in 20th century thought, and in turn, integrates ecological psychology and analyses of sociocultural processes. A thesis of the book is that knowing is rooted in the direct experience of meaningful environmental objects and events present in individual-environment processes and at the level of collective, social settings. Ecological Psychology in Context: *traces the primary lineage of Gibson's ecological approach to William James's philosophy of radical empiricism; *illuminates how the work of James's student and Gibson's mentor, E.B. Holt, served as a catalyst for the development of Gibson's framework and as a bridge to James's work; *reveals how ecological psychology reciprocally can advance Jamesian studies by resolving some of the theoretical difficulties that kept James from fully realizing a realist philosophy; *broadens the scope of Gibson's framework by proposing a synthesis between it and the ecological program of Roger Barker, who discovered complex systems operating at the level of collective, social processes; *demonstrates ways in which the psychological domain can be extended to properties of the environment rendering its features meaningful, publicly accessible, and distributed across person-environment processes; and *shows how Gibson's work points the way toward overcoming the gap between experimental psychology and the humanities. Intended for scholars and students in the areas of ecological and environmental psychology, theoretical and historical psychology, cognitive science, developmental psychology, anthropology, and philosophy.

Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology Book PDF

Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology

  • Author : Charles B. Crawford
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 1998
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 663
  • ISBN : 9780805816662

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Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology Book Description :

Evolutionary psychology is concerned with the adaptive problems early humans faced in ancestral human environments, the nature of psychological mechanisms natural selection shaped to deal with those ancient problems, and the ability of the resulting evolved psychological mechanisms to deal with the problems people face in the modern world. Evolutionary psychology is currently advancing our understanding of altruism, moral behavior, family violence, sexual aggression, warfare, aesthetics, the nature of language, and gender differences in mate choice and perception. It is helping us understand the relationship between cognitive science, developmental psychology, behavior genetics, personality, and social psychology. Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology provides an up-to-date review of the ideas, issues, and applications of contemporary evolutionary psychology. It is suitable for senior undergraduates, first-year graduate students, or professionals who wish to become conversant with the major issues currently shaping the emergence of this dynamic new field. It will be interesting to psychologists, cognitive scientists, and anyone using new developments in the theory of evolution to gain new insights into human behavior.

Vision Based Interaction Book PDF

Vision Based Interaction

  • Author : Matthew Turk
  • Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • Release Date : 2013-10-01
  • Genre : Computers
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN : 9781608452422

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Vision Based Interaction Book Description :

In its early years, the field of computer vision was largely motivated by researchers seeking computational models of biological vision and solutions to practical problems in manufacturing, defense, and medicine. For the past two decades or so, there has been an increasing interest in computer vision as an input modality in the context of human-computer interaction. Such vision-based interaction can endow interactive systems with visual capabilities similar to those important to human-human interaction, in order to perceive non-verbal cues and incorporate this information in applications such as interactive gaming, visualization, art installations, intelligent agent interaction, and various kinds of command and control tasks. Enabling this kind of rich, visual and multimodal interaction requires interactive-time solutions to problems such as detecting and recognizing faces and facial expressions, determining a person's direction of gaze and focus of attention, tracking movement of the body, and recognizing various kinds of gestures. In building technologies for vision-based interaction, there are choices to be made as to the range of possible sensors employed (e.g., single camera, stereo rig, depth camera), the precision and granularity of the desired outputs, the mobility of the solution, usability issues, etc. Practical considerations dictate that there is not a one-size-fits-all solution to the variety of interaction scenarios; however, there are principles and methodological approaches common to a wide range of problems in the domain. While new sensors such as the Microsoft Kinect are having a major influence on the research and practice of vision-based interaction in various settings, they are just a starting point for continued progress in the area. In this book, we discuss the landscape of history, opportunities, and challenges in this area of vision-based interaction; we review the state-of-the-art and seminal works in detecting and recognizing the human bod

The Routledge Companion to Trust Book PDF

The Routledge Companion to Trust

  • Author : Rosalind H. Searle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-03-13
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN : 9781317595700

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The Routledge Companion to Trust Book Description :

In recent years, trust has enjoyed increasing interest from a wide range of parties, including organizations, policymakers, and the media. Perennially linked to turbulence and scandals, the damaging and rebuilding of trust is a contemporary concern affecting all areas of society. Comprising six thematic sections, The Routledge Companion to Trust provides a comprehensive survey of trust research. With contributions from international experts, this volume examines the major topics and emerging areas within the field, including essays on the foundations, levels and theories of trust. It also examines trust repair and explores trust in settings such as healthcare, finance, food supply chains, and the internet. The Routledge Companion to Trust is an extensive reference work which will be a vital resource to researchers and practitioners across the fields of management and organizational studies, behavioural economics, psychology, cultural anthropology, political science and sociology.