Psychopathy and Criminal Behavior: Current Trends and Challenges fills a gap in the market by covering new topics and angles not addressed in other literature. The book's authors approach the interaction of psychopathy with different types of crime, reflecting on comorbidity with other disorders, symptoms and emotional function. In addition to examining questions of prevention and treatment, they present new developments with solid theory and scientific evidence, also addressing forensic realities. This is a must-have guide for practitioners, students or anyone interested in psychopathy, criminal behavior and the various avenues of treatment. Provides a direct and concise approach, reflecting on the construct of psychopathy and its implications in forensic settings Includes sections on models of development in psychopathy and the neuropsychological fundamentals of the role of psychopathy in violent behavior Written for researchers, practitioners and students
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An in-depth interdisciplinary perspective on psychopathy suitable for those interested in criminology and criminal justice, sociology, psychology, anthropology, and other social science as well as general knowledge. • Offers an in-depth, interdisciplinary perspective on psychopathy, useful across a range of fields and for general readers • Covers the history of the concept of psychopathy, and its move into criminal justice policy and practice • Examines the remorse factor and its role in criminal proceedings • Reflects the subject knowledge of an author who is highly respected in the field of criminal justice and has been featured by media including CNN, ABC News, Court TV, Associated Press, and Oregon Public Radio
- Author : Matt DeLisi
- Publisher : Routledge
- Release Date : 2018-08-15
- Genre : Psychology
- Pages : 686
- ISBN : 9781351619158
For over two centuries, psychopathy has stood as perhaps the most formidable risk factor for antisocial behavior, crime, and violence. The Routledge International Handbook of Psychopathy and Crime presents the state-of-the-art on the full landscape of research on antisocial behavior that employs psychopathy as a central correlate. It is the largest and most comprehensive work of its kind, and includes contributions from renowned scholars from around the world. Organized into five distinctive sections, this book covers the etiology of psychopathy; the measurement of psychopathy; the association between psychopathy and diverse forms of homicidal and sexual offending, including serial murder, sexual homicide, rape and child molestation; criminal careers and psychopathy; the role of psychopathy in criminal justice system supervision, including institutional misconduct, noncompliance, and recidivism. This book is an essential resource for students and researchers in criminology, psychology, and criminal justice and will be of interested to all those interested in criminal behavior, sexual and violent crime, forensic psychology and forensic mental health.
Psychopathy remains one of the least understood personality disorders and one of the most intransigent to therapeutic amelioration. Encompassing all the significant viewpoints regarding the nature of psychopathic personalities, this volume surveys current typologies and treatment approaches.
The last two decades have seen tremendous growth in biological research on psychopathy, a mental disorder distinguished by traits including a lack of empathy or emotional response, egocentricity, impulsivity, and stimulation seeking. But how does a psychopath’s brain work? What makes a psychopath? Psychopathy provides a concise, non-technical overview of the research in the areas of genetics, hormones, brain imaging, neuropsychology, environmental influences, and more, focusing on explaining what we currently know about the biological foundations for this disorder and offering insights into prediction, intervention, and prevention. It also offers a nuanced discussion of the ethical and legal implications associated with biological research on psychopathy. How much of this disorder is biologically based? Should offenders with psychopathic traits be punished for their crimes if we can show that biological factors contribute? The text clearly assesses the conclusions that can and cannot be drawn from existing biological research, and highlights the pressing considerations this research demands.
- Author : Kruti Chaliawala
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 2016
- Genre : Criminal behavior
- Pages : 70
- ISBN : OCLC:982495147
The purpose of the current study was to utilize new physiological measures associated with psychopathy and criminal behavior. Research has demonstrated a link between psychopathy and criminal behavior (Douglas, Vincent, & Edens, 2006; Porter & Woodworth, 2007). There is also a link between psychopathy and physiological responses (Rose, 2011). However, previous research focused on resting heart rate, skin conductance, and affective responses. However, heart rate variability, measured on a continuum, has not been explored. When examining variability, it was hypothesized that while examining criminal behavior, those with higher psychopathy scores would show less variability to crime images than neutral images. In the present study, participants completed the Dark Triad and the CMI to assess general criminal behavior. Participants then saw crime depicting images and neutral (non-crime depicting) images. Heart rate variability was monitored. Results indicated that participants who were higher in the psychopathic trait demonstrated lower heart rate variability to crime depicting images than neutral images. Those who scored low in psychopathy had higher heart rate variability to crime depicting image than neutral images. The results demonstrate a link between psychopathic traits and antisocial behavior in a nonclinical population. Thus, criminal behavior and psychopathic traits are related to physiological responses.
Psychopathy and Law: A Practitioner's Guide provides those working in the fields of law, the military, social and health services, politics, and business with a comprehensive introduction to psychopathy and the ways of thinking that guide the psychopathic mind. Features case examples and - unique from previous texts in the field - links these to theory and empirical research Represents an up-to-date resource for scientists examining psychopathy Covers issues that have never been dealt with in regard to psychopathy, including those relating to families, civil law, war crimes, economical crimes and organized crimes
Adrian Raine Department of Psychology. University of Southern California. USA Jose Sanmartin Queen Sojia Center for the Study of Violence. Valencia. Spain The problems that psychopathic and violent offenders create for society are not restricted to North America. Instead, these offenders create havoc throughout the world, including Europe. In recognition of this fact, Queen Sophia of Spain has promoted a Center for the Study of Violence which recognizes both biological and social contributions to the cause of violence. In November 1999, the Queen Sofia Center for the Study of Violence held its IV International Meeting on the Biology and Sociology of Violence. This fourth Meeting, which was under the Honorary Presidency of H. M. The Queen of Spain, examined the biological, psychological and social aspects of the psychopath, the violent offender, and the serial killer. This book presents some of the key contributions made at that conference and which were first published in Spanish in 2000 by Ariel Press. A key thrust of this book, and a stance shared by all of its contributors, is the notion that violence and psychopathy simply cannot be understood solely, or even fundamentally, in terms of social and environmental forces and influences. Nor do biological factors offer an exclusive explanation.
This book applies the psychopathy concept toward the understanding of crime. Drawing on hundreds of studies and his own clinical, research, and practitioner experience working with the most antisocial and violent offenders, the author demonstrates that psychopathy can explain all forms of crime across the life course, and also examines the biosocial foundations of the disorder. With an abundance of case studies and historical references, written in a distinctive writing style, the book is equally fascinating to the academic scholar and the true crime buff alike.
Rich in historical and contemporary theory and research, Criminal Behavior: Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive core text that provides an interdisciplinary overview of criminal behavior by examining relevant crime theories, explanations of how and why crime typologies are developed, literature reviews for major crime categories, and discussions of how crime theories and crime typologies are used throughout the criminal justice process. Focusing on relevant themes and current issues, this text also looks closely at categorizations of criminal behavior, the relationship between crime and pop culture, mass media, and computer technology, and gender issues and crime. This engaging book applies theory and research to real-world criminal justice practice. Key Features and Benefits: Applies theory and research to concrete examples of criminal justice practice in law enforcement, public safety, courts/law, and corrections Explores real-world examples and contemporary issues–using chapter-opening vignettes, illustrative photos and graphs, boxed real-life case studies, and an interdisciplinary framework—making the text lively and engaging Views crime as a dynamic, changing phenomenon and examines how mass media and computer technology shape criminal behavior in a unique chapter on crime, media, and technology that addresses cybercrime and copy cat crimes—topics that fascinate students Examines feminist issues and cultural criminology, reviewing the role of gender and culture in shaping criminal behavior Boasts full chapters on political crime and economic crime—subjects often ignored in other texts Includes comparative information throughout, giving students an international perspective, as well as topical coverage relating to race, ethnicity, and gender issues Ancillaries A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/helfgottstudy includes self-quizzes, e-flashcards, NPR and Frontline audio and video clips, SAGE Journal articles, and more. Instru
According to the Sentencing Project, between 1980 and 2017, the number of incarcerated women increased by more than 750%, rising from a total of 26,378 in 1980 to 225,060 in 2017 and the number continues to rise. Dealing with incarcerated women and specifically psychopathic women can be challenging. Understanding Female Offenders: Psychopathy, Criminal Behavior, Assessment, and Treatment provides readers with a better conceptualization of the psychopathic/non-psychopathic female. This includes better ways of interviewing, assessing, and treating these women, and clinical caveats with case examples to assist with clinical applications. This is the only comprehensive resource that provides specific knowledge about female offenders, particularly on female psychopathy and assessment. Describes the differences between ASPD and psychopathic women and men Presents PCL-R, Rorschach, and PAI data on female offenders, female psychopaths, and female sex offenders Reviews the current literature on female psychopathy studies Provides in-depth female offender case studies Discusses common biases in diagnosing, treating, and assessing in forensic settings with female offenders
Criminal Behavior explores crime as a developmental process from birth through early adulthood. It further examines the role that legal, political, and criminal justice systems play in the development of criminal behavior. Criminal Behavior: takes into account biological, genetic, developmental, familial, social, educational, cultural, political, and economic factors correlated with crime; references actual cases and events to serve as examples of the principles introduced; critically examines the roles of the criminal and juvenile justice systems and methods of punishment in the development of and response to criminal behavior; explores the effects of crime on victims and looks at correlations between crimes and victim characteristics and behaviors; examines the role of childhood and adolescent behavioral and mental health disorders in the development of criminal behavior; and investigates the differences between criminals and the rest of society, and the differences and similarities between and among criminals. Chock-full of personal anecdotes, this engaging text is unique in that it combines the experience of Doug Bernstein, a clinical psychologist and a successful textbook author, and Elaine Cassel, a practicing attorney who regularly teaches psychology and law. Organized around five dimensions related to the causes, characteristics, and consequences of crime, the book summarizes the programs that research suggest offer the best hope for doing a better job of dealing with crime in the 21st century. The authors argue that prevention is the key to dealing with crime, and present comprehensive suggestions for crime prevention. The new edition features the latest criminal statistics available, as well as the most current research on the causes and correlations of crime and violence. Other highlights include: discussion of the latest brain-imaging research in psychopathy - how psychopaths' brains are different from "normal" brains; the latest on gang activities and h
Examining the Incremental Validity of Psychopathy Versus Antisocial Personality Disorder in Understanding Patterns of Criminal Behavior
- Author : Erika Braithwaite
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 2010
- Genre : Uncategorized
- Pages : 231
- ISBN : OCLC:969910192
Psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder are two related yet clinically distinct syndromes both coined as important predictors of violence and criminality. Among the mentally ill, there is increasing evidence that only the behavioral aspects of psychopathy are related to criminality. Studies have shown that the personality-oriented facets of psychopathy add little to the prediction of future violence among the mentally ill. However, few studies have sought to examine whether a lifetime of crime shows the same pattern. A total of 96 men who had been declared not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder participated in this study. Trained interviewers assessed antisocial personality and psychopathy among participants. Official RCMP criminal records were consulted in order to ascertain criminal history. Results suggest that neither antisocial personality disorder traits nor psychopathy facets evidenced incremental validity one over the other regarding a lifetime pattern of offending. A higher number of antisocial traits were related to a greater number and higher severity of non-violent offenses. Results are discussed with regards to the usefulness of the antisocial personality disorder classification, and the applicability of conceptual models of psychopathy to individuals with a severe mental illness.
- Author : Jaana Haapasalo
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 1992
- Genre : Antisocial personality disorders
- Pages : 73
- ISBN : PSU:000022413482
Tiivistelmä: Psykopatia rikoksentekijöiden persoonallisuutta kuvaavana konstruktiona.
Psychopathy is a very important concept for those working in the field of criminal justice - investigators, prosecutors, and those who have to evaluate, manage and treat offenders. In Psychopathy: Theory, Research and Implications for Society, detailed, empirically based contributions by the world's leading researchers describe the relevance of the construct to practical and policy issues, examining its relevance to such topics as treatment, risk management and recidivism. The use of the concept in a range of populations is discussed, including juveniles, children, and the mentally disordered, as well as across cultures. The major strength of the volume is that the validity of the psychopathy construct is enhanced by the extensive empirical support: contributors explore topics including the genetic, biological, affective, interpersonal and information processing models that underpin the disorder. Audience: All those dealing with offenders - psychologists, psychiatrists, lawyers, judges, prison administrators and those who formulate policy in the criminal justice system.
This engaging book presents a contextual psychological interpretation of crime. It covers essential topics including psychopathy, antisocial personality disorder, and criminal lifestyle. The author's compelling analysis explains criminal behavior, by showing how the criminal lifestyle is capable of integrating two seemingly incompatible crime paradigms: the career criminal paradigm and the criminal career paradigm. Starting with a context for criminality, and then moving from particular conceptions of crime to more evidence-based theories, this volume challenges students to think in a different way about crime and criminal behavior.
Psychopathy is a key factor in criminal behavior and primary male psychopathic offenders pose a great danger to society due to their violent and predatory acts. The vast majority of research with male psychopaths is conducted within prison settings and is therefore, primarily based on psychopaths who perpetrate crimes of an impulsive, reactive and disorganized nature and thus, get caught. Research with male psychopaths who commit a series of crimes and successfully evade detection for long periods of time is lacking and difficult to study. Narcissism has been consistently emphasized in studies on psychopathic offenders, however, Hare (1991, 2003) suggested that personality traits active in psychopathy span a number of personality disorders as well. The traits within Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder combined with narcissism may account for the calculating and meticulous nature of these elusive offenders. This integrative literature review organized empirical and theoretical perspectives for criminal behavior, the manifestation of psychopathy in males, the obsessive-compulsive personality, and criminal profiling literature in order to identify and analyze the role of possible personality and behavioral characteristics in criminals (i.e., psychopaths) who are difficult to apprehend, with the notion that this subset of psychopaths are organized around NPD, ASPD, as well as OCPD. Case study information about Richard Kuklinski ("the Iceman") was further analyzed to provide a real world example of an OCPD primary psychopath. Implications for law enforcement (i.e., investigative strategies and interrogation techniques) and the clinical assessment of OCPD psychopaths are discussed.
Psychopaths constitute less than 1% of the general population, but they commit a much larger proportion of crime and violence in society. This volume chronicles the latest science of psychopathy, various ways that psychopaths challenge the criminal justice system, and the major ethical issues arising from this fascinating condition.
The main feature of this work is that it explores criminal behavior from all aspects of Tinbergen's Four Questions. Rather than focusing on a single theoretical point of view, this book examines the neurobiology of crime from a biosocial perspective. It suggests that it is necessary to understand some genetics and neuroscience in order to appreciate and apply relevant concepts to criminological issues. Presenting up-to-date information on the circuitry of the brain, the authors explore and examine a variety of characteristics, traits and behavioral syndromes related to criminal behavior such as ADHD, intelligence, gender, the age-crime curve, schizophrenia, psychopathy, violence and substance abuse. This book brings together the sociological tradition with the latest knowledge the neurosciences have to offer and conveys biological information in an accessible and understanding way. It will be of interest to scholars in the field and to professional criminologists.
This book has been replaced by Handbook of Psychopathy, Second Edition, ISBN 978-1-4625-3513-2.