Narconomics Book PDF

Narconomics

  • Author : Tom Wainwright
  • Publisher : PublicAffairs
  • Release Date : 2017-04-11
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1610397703

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Narconomics Book Description :

What drug lords learned from big business How does a budding cartel boss succeed (and survive) in the $300 billion illegal drug business? By learning from the best, of course. From creating brand value to fine-tuning customer service, the folks running cartels have been attentive students of the strategy and tactics used by corporations such as Walmart, McDonald's, and Coca-Cola. And what can government learn to combat this scourge? By analyzing the cartels as companies, law enforcers might better understand how they work—and stop throwing away $100 billion a year in a futile effort to win the “war” against this global, highly organized business. Your intrepid guide to the most exotic and brutal industry on earth is Tom Wainwright. Picking his way through Andean cocaine fields, Central American prisons, Colorado pot shops, and the online drug dens of the Dark Web, Wainwright provides a fresh, innovative look into the drug trade and its 250 million customers. The cast of characters includes “Bin Laden,” the Bolivian coca guide; “Old Lin,” the Salvadoran gang leader; “Starboy,” the millionaire New Zealand pill maker; and a cozy Mexican grandmother who cooks blueberry pancakes while plotting murder. Along with presidents, cops, and teenage hitmen, they explain such matters as the business purpose for head-to-toe tattoos, how gangs decide whether to compete or collude, and why cartels care a surprising amount about corporate social responsibility. More than just an investigation of how drug cartels do business, Narconomics is also a blueprint for how to defeat them.

Narconomics Book PDF

Narconomics

  • Author : Tom Wainwright
  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release Date : 2016-02-23
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9781610395847

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Narconomics Book Description :

Picking his way through Andean cocaine fields, Central American prisons, Colorado pot shops, and the online drug dens of the Dark Web, Tom Wainwright provides a fresh, innovative look into the drug trade and its 250 million customers. More than just an investigation of how drug cartels do business, Narconomics is also a blueprint for how to defeat them. How does a budding cartel boss succeed (and survive) in the 300 billion illegal drug business? By learning from the best, of course. From creating brand value to fine-tuning customer service, the folks running cartels have been attentive students of the strategy and tactics used by corporations such as Walmart, McDonald's, and Coca-Cola. And what can government learn to combat this scourge? By analyzing the cartels as companies, law enforcers might better understand how they work -- and stop throwing away 100 billion a year in a futile effort to win the "war" against this global, highly organized business. Your intrepid guide to the most exotic and brutal industry on earth is Tom Wainwright. Picking his way through Andean cocaine fields, Central American prisons, Colorado pot shops, and the online drug dens of the Dark Web, Wainwright provides a fresh, innovative look into the drug trade and its 250 million customers. The cast of characters includes "Bin Laden," the Bolivian coca guide; Old Lin," the Salvadoran gang leader; "Starboy," the millionaire New Zealand pill maker; and a cozy Mexican grandmother who cooks blueberry pancakes while plotting murder. Along with presidents, cops, and teenage hitmen, they explain such matters as the business purpose for head-to-toe tattoos, how gangs decide whether to compete or collude, and why cartels care a surprising amount about corporate social responsibility. More than just an investigation of how drug cartels do business, Narconomics is also a blueprint for how to defeat them.

Georgetown Journal of International Affairs Book PDF

Georgetown Journal of International Affairs

  • Author : Margaret Schaack
  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-05-01
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN : 9781626164642

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Georgetown Journal of International Affairs Book Description :

The Georgetown Journal of International Affairs is the official publication of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. Founded to serve as an academic resource for scholars, business leaders, policymakers, and students of international relations alike, the journal cultivates a dialogue accessible to those with varying levels of knowledge about foreign affairs and international politics. Each volume year the journal provides readers with three issues featuring an array of timely, peer-reviewed content that bridges the gap between the work performed by news outlets and that by more traditional academic journals. The first two issues feature a section titled "Forum" that offers focused analysis on a specific key issue, as well as eight regular sections: Books, Business & Economics, Conflict & Security, Culture & Society, Dialogues, Law & Ethics, Politics & Diplomacy, and Science & Technology. The third is a special issue, International Engagement on Cyber. Issue 18.1’s Forum theme is the "global commons," with articles on the Internet as a global public good, the implications of military and security uses of outer space, and international water management challenges.

Off the Street Book PDF

Off the Street

  • Author : W.A. Bogart
  • Publisher : Dundurn
  • Release Date : 2016-11-12
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9781459734999

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Off the Street Book Description :

An unflinching analysis of one of the major issues of our time — the shift from criminalization to regulation of recreational drugs. The “war on drugs” has failed. The cost of trying to control the production, sale, and use of recreational drugs through the criminal law is too high: unjust incarceration, illicit markets, tainted substances, exploited children, and an untaxed industry. But there is an alternative. The watchwords for governments controlling the consumption of alcohol, tobacco, junk food, and gambling are “permit but discourage.” All are legal, but harmful consumption is decreased by targeted regulatory strategies. That same approach should be adopted for drugs. Legalization and regulation can attack the underground economy, drive down excessive use, provide revenue for prevention, treatment, and counselling, and better protect children. Off the Street: Legalizing Drugs calls for a thoughtful, national discussion of the legalization and regulation of recreational drugs — the “least bad” way forward.

Dealing with Privilege Book PDF

Dealing with Privilege

  • Author : David Crawford
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release Date : 2019-06-25
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 9781498598170

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Dealing with Privilege Book Description :

In Dealing with Privilege, David Crawford argues that white, middle-class dealers are unlikely to suffer the enforcement of drug laws and that, contrary to media portrayals, suburban drug sales are not oriented primarily toward making money but at making friends and having fun.

Drugs and Thugs Book PDF

Drugs and Thugs

  • Author : Russell Crandall
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-27
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 9780300255874

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Drugs and Thugs Book Description :

A sweeping and highly readable work on the evolution of America’s domestic and global drug war How can the United States chart a path forward in the war on drugs? In Drugs and Thugs, Russell Crandall uncovers the full history of this war that has lasted more than a century. As a scholar and a high-level national security advisor to both the George W. Bush and Obama administrations, he provides an essential view of the economic, political, and human impacts of U.S. drug policies. Backed by extensive research, lucid and unbiased analysis of policy, and his own personal experiences, Crandall takes readers from Afghanistan to Colombia, to Peru and Mexico, to Miami International Airport and the border crossing between El Paso and Juarez to trace the complex social networks that make up the drug trade and drug consumption. Through historically driven stories, Crandall reveals how the war on drugs has evolved to address mass incarceration, the opioid epidemic, the legalization and medical use of marijuana, and America’s shifting foreign policy.

Global Organized Crime Book PDF

Global Organized Crime

  • Author : Mitchel P. Roth
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-01-20
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 9781317267171

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Global Organized Crime Book Description :

In the maelstrom of globalization and cyberspace, organized crime continues to defy definition. A diverse array of activities is perpetuated by criminal organizations, criminal groups and associations, and gangs, and it is clear that one specific label is no longer adequate. This book offers a uniquely global approach to organized crime and the multitude of forces that shape it in the 21st century. As well as discussing definitions of and the historical roots of organized crime, this book examines various forms of organized crime around the world in the US, Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean, Russia and Europe, Asia and Africa. This revised and updated new edition includes coverage of: the rise of the ’Ndrangheta in Italy and their global expansion; the impact of drug legalization on organized crime and the problem of methamphetamine; organ trading, money laundering, and animal poaching; changes in gang traditions and gangland penitentiaries; the decentralization of Mexican cartels, the growth of opium production in Myanmar, and the drug war in Africa; and the advancement of ISIS and the emergence of the Silk Road and the Dark Net. This book is essential reading for students engaged in the study of global and transnational organized crime, with features including chapter overviews, key terms, critical thinking questions, and case studies.

The Addiction Solution Book PDF

The Addiction Solution

  • Author : Lloyd Sederer
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release Date : 2018-05-08
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9781501179464

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The Addiction Solution Book Description :

A groundbreaking, “timely and well-written” (Booklist, starred review) guide to addiction from a psychiatrist and public health doctor, offering practical, proven solutions for individuals, families, and communities dealing with substance use and abuse. Written with warmth, accessibility, and vast authority, The Addiction Solution is a practical guide through the world of drug use and abuse and addiction treatment. Here, Lloyd I. Sederer, MD, brings together scientific and clinical knowledge, policy suggestions, and case studies to describe our current drug crisis and establish a clear path forward to recovery and health. In a time when so many people are affected by the addiction epidemic, when 142 people die of overdoses every day in the United States, principally from opioids, Sederer’s decades of wisdom and clinical experience are needed more than ever before. With a timely focus on opioids, Sederer takes us through the proven essentials of addiction treatment and explains why so many of our current policies, like the lingering remnants of the War on Drugs, fail to help drug users, their families, and their wider communities. He identifies a key insight, often overlooked in popular and professional writing about addiction and its treatment: namely, that people who use drugs do so to meet specific needs, and that drugs may be the best solution those people currently have. Writing with generosity and empathy about the many Americans who use illicit and prescribed substances, Sederer lays out specific, evidence-based, researched solutions to the prevention and problems of drug use, including exercise, medications, therapy, recovery programs, and community services. “Comprehensive…well-informed and accessible” (Kirkus Reviews), The Addiction Solution provides invaluable help, comfort, and hope.

The Rise of the Narcostate Book PDF

The Rise of the Narcostate

  • Author : John P. Sullivan
  • Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
  • Release Date : 2018-08-30
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 972
  • ISBN : 9781984543936

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The Rise of the Narcostate Book Description :

This book is our sixth Small Wars Journal—El Centro anthology, covering writings published between 2016 and 2017. The theme of this anthology pertains to the rise of the narcostate (mafia states) as a result of the collusion between criminal organizations and political elites—essentially authoritarian regime members, corrupted plutocrats, and other powerful societal elements. The cover image of the mass demonstration concerning the disappearance of the forty-three Ayotzinapa Teachers’ College students held at Mexico City’s Zócalo Plaza in November 2014 provides an archetype of this anthology’s theme. This anthology includes the following special essays—Preface: “New Wars” and State Transformation by Robert Muggah, Igarapé Institute; Foreword: Crime and State-Making by Vanda Felbab-Brown, The Brookings Institution; Postscript: Crime, Drugs, Terror, and Money: Time for Hybrids by Alain Bauer, CNAM Paris; and Afterword: The Rise of the Oligarchs by Col. Robert Killebrew, US Army (Ret.). Dave Dilegge (SWJ, Editor-in-Chief)

Global Crime  An Encyclopedia of Cyber Theft  Weapons Sales  and Other Illegal Activities  2 volumes  Book PDF

Global Crime An Encyclopedia of Cyber Theft Weapons Sales and Other Illegal Activities 2 volumes

  • Author : Philip L. Reichel
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release Date : 2019-07-31
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 805
  • ISBN : 9781440860157

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Global Crime An Encyclopedia of Cyber Theft Weapons Sales and Other Illegal Activities 2 volumes Book Description :

A definitive resource for understanding such far-reaching and often interconnected crimes as cyber theft, drug trafficking, human smuggling, identity theft, wildlife poaching, and sex tourism. • Includes primary source documents such as international treaties and conventions related to global crime • Provides quick access to key terms, events, individuals, and organizations playing a key role in combating global crime • Includes suggested sources for additional information in each entry to aid readers who want to examine the topic in more detail • Features scholars and practitioners from more than 10 countries who have specific knowledge of, and experience with, many of the global crimes covered in the work

Mafia Life Book PDF

Mafia Life

  • Author : Federico Varese
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-16
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780190868932

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Mafia Life Book Description :

The Japanese Yakuza. The Chinese Triads. The Sicilian Cosa Nostra. The Calabrian N'Drangheta. The New York Mafia. The Russian Vory -v -Vakone.Today, mafias operate across the globe, with hundreds of thousands of members and billions of dollars in revenue. From Hong Kong to New York, these vast organizations spread their tentacles into politics, finance and everyday life. But what is it like to belong to the Mafia? How do you join? Whatdoes it do to your loved ones? How do you make it to the top? And what happens if you break the rules?Criminologist Federico Varese draws on a lifetime's research to give us access to some of the world's most secretive societies. Mixing reportage with case studies and historical insights, this is the story of mafia as it really is: filled with boredom and drama, death and disaster, ambition andbetrayal.Infiltrating initiation ceremonies from Russia to England, visiting exclusive gambling clubs in Macau and Mafia summits in Dubai luxury hotels, Varese builds up a unique picture of life in the mafia from the inside.

A Criminology Of Narrative Fiction Book PDF

A Criminology Of Narrative Fiction

  • Author : McGregor, Rafe
  • Publisher : Policy Press
  • Release Date : 2021-01-06
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9781529208092

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A Criminology Of Narrative Fiction Book Description :

Criminology has been reluctant to embrace fictional narratives as a tool for understanding, explaining and reducing crime and social harm. In this philosophical enquiry, McGregor uses examples from films, television, novels and graphic novels to demonstrate the extensive criminological potential of fiction around the world. Building on previous studies of non-fiction narratives, the book is the first to explore the ways criminological fiction provides knowledge of the causes of crime and social harm. For academics, practitioners and students, this is an engaging and thought-provoking critical analysis that establishes a bold new theory of criminological fiction.

Extralegal Groups in Post Conflict Liberia Book PDF

Extralegal Groups in Post Conflict Liberia

  • Author : Christine Cheng
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-06-07
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 9780199673346

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Extralegal Groups in Post Conflict Liberia Book Description :

In the aftermath of the Liberian civil war, groups of ex-combatants seized control of natural resource enclaves in the rubber, diamond, and timber sectors. With some of them threatening a return to war, these groups were widely viewed as the most significant threats to Liberia's hard-won peace. Building on fieldwork and socio-historical analysis, this book shows how extralegal groups are driven to provide basic governance goods in their bid to create a stable commercial environment. This is a story about how their livelihood strategies merged with the opportunities of Liberia's post-war political economy. But it is also a context-specific story that is rooted in the country's geography, its history of state-making, and its social and political practices. This volume demonstrates that extralegal groups do not emerge in a vacuum. In areas of limited statehood, where the state is weak and political authority is contested, where rule of law is corrupted and government distrust runs deep, extralegal groups can provide order and dispute resolution, forming the basic kernel of the state. This logic counters the prevailing 'spoiler' narrative, forcing us to reimagine non-state actors and recast their roles as incidental statebuilders in the evolutionary process of state-making. This leads to a broader argument: it is trade, rather than war, that drives contemporary statebuilding. Along the way, this book poses some uncomfortable questions about what it means to be legitimately governed, whether our trust in states is ultimately misplaced, whether entrenched corruption is the most likely post-conflict outcome, and whether our expectations of international peacebuilding and statebuilding are ultimately self-defeating.

Supply Chain Risk Management Book PDF

Supply Chain Risk Management

  • Author : John Manners-Bell
  • Publisher : Kogan Page Publishers
  • Release Date : 2020-11-03
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9781789666380

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Supply Chain Risk Management Book Description :

From political uncertainty to trade disrupts and cyber threats, the risk environment is continuously evolving, and new challenges frequently arise demanding immediate attention to avoid disruption to supply chains. Supply Chain Risk Management is the guide to recognizing, reviewing and reacting to these risks to ensure continued operations and optimal service. This book is a practical learning tool which offers a comprehensive framework to understanding risk and how to engineer resilience into the supply chain. The third edition of Supply Chain Risk Management details how to approach various threats, including black swan events, natural disasters, climate change, cargo crime and piracy, and terrorism and security. Using case studies and recent, topical examples, this book demonstrates how to successfully manage these risks and apply learnings in practice. Objectives, summaries and key point checklists in each chapter also help the reader grasp these key concepts and understand how to keep supply chains resilient. Online resources include lecture slides.

Institutional Corruption Book PDF

Institutional Corruption

  • Author : Seumas Miller
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-12
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9781108325820

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Institutional Corruption Book Description :

In this book, Seumas Miller develops distinctive philosophical analyses of corruption, collective responsibility and integrity systems, and applies them to cases in both the public and the private sectors. Using numerous well-known examples of institutional corruption, he explores a variety of actual and potential anti-corruption measures. The result is a wide-ranging, theoretically sophisticated and empirically informed work on institutional corruption and how to combat it. Part I defines the key concepts of corruption, power, collective responsibility, bribery, abuse of authority and nepotism; Part II discusses anti-corruption and integrity systems, corruption investigations and whistle-blowing; and Part III focuses on corruption and anti-corruption in specific institutional settings, namely policing, finance, business and government. Integrating theory with practical approaches, this book will be important for those interested in the philosophy and ethics of corruption as well as for those who work to combat it.

Borderland Battles Book PDF

Borderland Battles

  • Author : Annette Idler
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-01-25
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9780190849177

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Borderland Battles Book Description :

The post-cold war era has seen an unmistakable trend toward the proliferation of violent non-state groups-variously labeled terrorists, rebels, paramilitaries, gangs, and criminals-near borders in unstable regions especially. In Borderland Battles, Annette Idler examines the micro-dynamics among violent non-state groups and finds striking patterns: borderland spaces consistently intensify the security impacts of how these groups compete for territorial control, cooperate in illicit cross-border activities, and replace the state in exerting governance functions. Drawing on extensive fieldwork with more than 600 interviews in and on the shared borderlands of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela, where conflict is ripe and crime thriving, Idler reveals how dynamic interactions among violent non-state groups produce a complex security landscape with ramifications for order and governance, both locally and beyond. A deep examination of how violent non-state groups actually operate with and against one another on the ground, Borderland Battles will be essential reading for anyone involved in reducing organized crime and armed conflict-some of our era's most pressing and seemingly intractable problems.

Handbook on the Geopolitics of Business Book PDF

Handbook on the Geopolitics of Business

  • Author : Joseph Mark S. Munoz
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release Date : 2013-01-01
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 9780857939753

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Handbook on the Geopolitics of Business Book Description :

ÔGlobal economic challenges and political upheavals underscore the importance of geopolitical understanding in the management of the contemporary corporation. Handbook on the Geopolitics of Business assembles a global cast of thought leaders in the geopolitical arena. The insights offered are highly valuable to students, corporate executives, entrepreneurs, government officials, and policy makers. This serves as a compass that would help you find your bearings in the complex world of international business.Õ Ð Ilan Alon, Rollins College, US In recent years, rapid globalization, novel technologies and business models, as well as economic and political changes have transformed the international business landscape. This pioneering volume offers a comprehensive discussion of the new global terrain and makes a strong case for the consideration of geopolitics in both the study and practice of modern-day business. Featuring original contributions from experts across the world, this Handbook provides a solid foundation for both understanding and responding to recent changes and trends in global economics, politics, and business. Topics discussed include the shifting nature of international trade, economic growth in emerging economies, voluntary sustainability codes, management in international corporations, organization of mega-events, entrepreneurship and geopolitical risk, and investment law and firm behavior. This volume offers important implications for both the academic and corporate communities. It will appeal to professors and students of international business and management, economics and political sciences. Offering groundbreaking perspectives that drive contemporary business strategy, this book is also highly valuable to global managers, entrepreneurs and policymakers.

Growth Units Book PDF

Growth Units

  • Author : Paul Orlando
  • Publisher : Paul Orlando
  • Release Date : 2020-09-03
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN : 9798678691996

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Growth Units Book Description :

How do businesses sustainably grow? Whether you're a startup founder trying to improve your odds of success, or a Fortune 100 businessperson looking for ways to optimize an already sustainable business, you will benefit from understanding the ways you acquire customers and generate revenue from them. This book can help. We demonstrate methods to assess and calculate Customer Acquisition Costs (CAC), Lifetime Value (LTV), and more. Looking at 15 case studies from a wide range of business types, we also show how metrics can vary depending on situation and goals. You will learn: - Ways to calculate Customer Acquisition Cost and Lifetime Value with additions like customer segments, cohorts, retention, and more (and why they can be imperfect methods). - How to manage the cost of growth along with potential value generated. - The difference between growing and scaling a business. - Why food delivery businesses with good unit economics shut down. - The difference between taxi and rideshare business models. - Why it made sense for data storage companies to launch too soon. - How varied business types, including mobility, consumer packaged goods, organized crime, art, subscriptions, mattress stores, food delivery, and more thrive or struggle because of these metrics. Written by Paul Orlando, who built and operated startup accelerators in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, and Rome, and who teaches at the University of Southern California, the book explains various approaches you can use in your own company as well as when you evaluate other businesses. The book is a direct, practical guide for startup founders, operators, and students of business.

Origin of Why  Book PDF

Origin of Why

  • Author : Vito Grigorov
  • Publisher : Prosperist Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-11-16
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 9780648331414

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Origin of Why Book Description :

Can it be that you only have 5 years left to live? Studies show only 1 hour daily is free to do what you want to do, and the rest you must do: Sleep, work, eat, email. On average, only 12% of our lifetime is actually free. Sound nice? No, but what's the alternative? Have you ever asked “What’s the point?” or “Why am I here?”. That was the meaning of life you were trying to find. Using the latest evidence & facts at each step, this book reveals a surprising answer. When you’re finished you’ll know... - Why the answer to the meaning of life changes EVERY other question in your life. - Why those who live the answer are HAPPIER and live some of the LONGEST lives. - Why for centuries the answer has been ILLEGAL. (No it’s not a conspiracy theory) We exist but we rarely live as we react to what distracts and lie to hide painful facts. One of the results of this is that over 350 Million people are part of the world’s largest growing disability of depression. As you read you’ll discover the opposite and much more: -How to ELIMINATE 80% of distractions and rapidly increase your free time by 33% -How ONE action REDUCES stress quickly, letting you FULFILL the meaning of life daily -How to BULLETPROOF yourself from unpredictable economic change and job loss. Challenging the old Guys of philosophy, Gods of religion, frauds of Psychology, and get-rich-quick snake oil salesmen. Origin of Why: The Proven Purpose and Meaning of Life adds to the tradition of Viktor Frankl, Simon Senik, Tim Ferriss and Gary Keller in opening the way you see the world.

Transnational Crime and Black Spots Book PDF

Transnational Crime and Black Spots

  • Author : Stuart S. Brown
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-10-29
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 9781137496706

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Transnational Crime and Black Spots Book Description :

“The strength of this book is that it does not look at a single case or even a few disparate examples of drug, weapon, and human trafficking but looks at many patterns—intra-regionally, cross-nationally, and internationally. It is an innovative addition to the literature on the nature of the safe havens—or ‘black spots’—currently being used for illicit activity. This book will make a clear impact on the scholarship of transnational crime and the geopolitics of the illicit global economy.” —Jeremy Morris, Aarhus University, Denmark Transnational criminal, insurgent, and terrorist organizations seek places that they can govern and operate from with minimum interference from law enforcement. This book examines 80 such safe havens which function outside effective state-based government control and are sustained by illicit economic activities. Brown and Hermann call these geographic locations ‘black spots’ because, like black holes in astronomy that defy the laws of Newtonian physics, they defy the world as defined by the Westphalian state system. The authors map flows of insecurity such as trafficking in drugs, weapons, and people, providing an unusually clear view of the hubs and networks that form as a result. As transnational crime is increasing on the internet, Brown and Hermann also explore if there are places in cyberspace which can be considered black spots. They conclude by elaborating the challenges that black spots pose for law enforcement and both national and international governance.