Morality and Mathematics Book PDF

Morality and Mathematics

  • Author : Justin Clarke-Doane
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020-03-12
  • Genre : Mathematics
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9780198823667

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Morality and Mathematics Book Description :

To what extent are the subjects of our thoughts and talk real? This is the question of realism. In this book, Justin Clarke-Doane explores arguments for and against moral realism and mathematical realism, how they interact, and what they can tell us about areas of philosophical interest more generally. He argues that, contrary to widespread belief, our mathematical beliefs have no better claim to being self-evident or provable than our moral beliefs. Nor do our mathematical beliefs have better claim to being empirically justified than our moral beliefs. It is also incorrect that reflection on the "genealogy" of our moral beliefs establishes a lack of parity between the cases. In general, if one is a moral antirealist on the basis of epistemological considerations, then one ought to be a mathematical antirealist as well. And, yet, Clarke-Doane shows that moral realism and mathematical realism do not stand or fall together -- and for a surprising reason. Moral questions, insofar as they are practical, are objective in a sense that mathematical questions are not, and the sense in which they are objective can only be explained by assuming practical anti-realism. One upshot of the discussion is that the concepts of realism and objectivity, which are widely identified, are actually in tension. Another is that the objective questions in the neighborhood of factual areas like logic, modality, grounding, and nature are practical questions too. Practical philosophy should, therefore, take center stage.

Morality in Context Book PDF

Morality in Context

  • Author : Wolfgang Edelstein
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2005-07-25
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 0080456979

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Morality in Context Book Description :

Morality in context is a timely topic. A debate between philosophers and social scientists is a good way to approach it. Why is there such a booming interest in morality and why does it focus on context? One starting point is the change in the sociostructural and sociocultural conditions of modern societies. This involves change in the empirical conditions of moral action and in the social demand on morality. As these changes are accounted for and analyzed in the social sciences, new perspectives emerge that give rise to new ways of framing issues and problems. These problems are best addressed by way of cooperation between philosophers and social scientists. As Habermas (1990) has pointed out in a much cited paper, philosophers depend on social science to fill in the data they require to answer the questions raised by philosophy in its "placeholder" function. The reverse also holds true: Social science needs the conceptual clarifications that philosophy can provide. With respect to morality, such mutual interchanges are of particular importance the contributions to this book show convincingly.

On the Basis of Morality Book PDF

On the Basis of Morality

  • Author : Arthur Schopenhauer
  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing
  • Release Date : 1998
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 0872204421

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On the Basis of Morality Book Description :

First published in 1995, this revised translation by E.F.J. Payne of Schopenhauer's Uber das Fundament der Moral is based on the venerable Huabscher edition (seven volumes, Wiesbaden, 1946-1950). This edition includes Schopenhauer's prefaces to the first and second editions, as well as an introduction by David E. Cartwright (philosophy, U. of Wisconsin-Whitewater). Distributed by Hackett Publishing. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Men  Management  and Morality Book PDF

Men Management and Morality

  • Author : Robert T. Golembiewski
  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • Release Date : 1989
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1412828473

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Men Management and Morality Book Description :

Reprint with a new introduction by the author. Originally published 1965, McGraw-Hill. Golembiewski, (political science, U. of Georgia) proposes a firm link between organizational values and the use of social and behavioral scientific knowledge. Annotation(c) 2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Morality among Nations Book PDF

Morality among Nations

  • Author : Mary Maxwell
  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release Date : 1990-01-01
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 0791403491

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Morality among Nations Book Description :

Morality among Nations, a rejoinder to Hans Morgenthau's Politics among Nations, offers a pathbreaking synthesis of sociobiology and international relations theory. It shows that two different moralities evolved in human pre-history--one, the "standard morality" from which abstract ethical principles arise concerning such things as obligation and justice; and the other, "group morality" or the proclamation of the group's right to survive and its superiority over other groups. Part One surveys the philosophical literature on the question of international morality, introducing arguments offered by both classical theorists such as Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Grotius, as well as twentieth century writers such as Reinhold Niebuhr, Hedley Bull, Richard Falk, and Charles Beitz. Part Two presents the relevant sociobiological theories focusing on Robert Trivers' work on the evolution of moral emotions, and Richard Alexander's and Pierre van den Berghe's work on the evolution of group behavior and ethnocentrism. Part Three analyzes the traditional philosophical work on international morality in light of new sociobiological ideas.

Morality Book PDF

Morality

  • Author : Bernard Gert
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 1998
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 9780195122565

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Morality Book Description :

In this final revision of the classic work, the author has produced the fullest and most sophisticated account of this influential theoretical model. Here, he makes clear that morality is an informal system that does not provide unique answers to every moral question but does always limit the range of morally acceptable options, and so explains why some moral disagreements cannot be resolved. The importance placed on the moral ideals also makes clear that the moral rules are only one part of the moral system. A chapter that is devoted to justifying violations of the rules illustrates how the moral rules are embedded in the system and cannot be adequately understood independently of it. The chapter on reasons includes a new account of what makes one reason better than another and elucidates the complex hybrid nature of rationality.

Nietzsche  Genealogy  Morality Book PDF

Nietzsche Genealogy Morality

  • Author : Richard Schacht
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release Date : 1994-06-15
  • Genre : History
  • Pages : 479
  • ISBN : 0520083180

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Nietzsche Genealogy Morality Book Description :

Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morals has become a prominent text of recent Western philosophy. An influence on psychoanalysis, antihistoricism, and poststructuralism and an abiding challenge to ethical theory, the philosopher's book addressed many of the major philosophical problems and possibilities of modernity. In this collection of essays focusing on Nietzsche's book, twenty-five philosophers offer discussions of the book's central themes and concepts. They explore such notions as ressentiment, asceticism, "slave" and "master" moralities, and what Nietzsche calls "genealogy" and its relation to other forms of inquiry in his work.

Morality for Moderns Book PDF

Morality for Moderns

  • Author : Corbin Fowler
  • Publisher : Rodopi
  • Release Date : 1996
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 9051839243

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Morality for Moderns Book Description :

This book defends morality against the critiques of egoims, subjectivism, and relativism. It argues that we can and should construe some moral standards as objective and that justice and self-development are the cornerstones of healthy morality. Opening with a dialogue meant to tease and provoke the reader, the book's subsequent chapters treat misconceptions about morality, the possibility of unselfish action, the nature of free will and moral responsibility, and the identity of moral right and wrong.

Situation Ethics Book PDF

Situation Ethics

  • Author : Joseph F. Fletcher
  • Publisher : Westminster John Knox Press
  • Release Date : 1997-01-01
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 0664257615

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Situation Ethics Book Description :

This is a new edition of Joseph Fletcher's 1966 work that ignited a firestorm of controversy at the time of its publication. It was hailed by many as a much-needed reformation of morality--and as an invitation to anarchy by others.

Thomas Reid on Freedom and Morality Book PDF

Thomas Reid on Freedom and Morality

  • Author : William L. Rowe
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 189
  • ISBN : 0801425573

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Thomas Reid on Freedom and Morality Book Description :

In this succinct and well-written book, one of our most eminent philosophers provides a fresh reading of the view of freedom and morality developed by Thomas Reid (1710-1796). Although contemporary theorists have written extensively about the Scottish philosopher's contributions to the theory of knowledge, this is the first book-length study of his contributions to the controversy over freedom and necessity. William L. Rowe argues that Reid developed a subtle, systematic theory of moral freedom based on the idea of the human being as a free and morally responsible agent. He carefully reconstructs the theory and explores the intellectual background to Reid's views in the work of John Locke, Samuel Clarke, and Anthony Collins. Rowe develops a novel account of Reid's conception of free action and relates it to contemporary arguments that moral responsibility for an action implies the power to have done otherwise. Distilling from Reid's work a viable version of the agency theory of freedom and responsibility, he suggests how Reid's theory can be defended against the major objections--both historical and contemporary--that have been advanced against it. Blending to good effect historical and philosophical analysis, Thomas Reid on Freedom and Morality should interest philosophers, political theorists, and intellectual historians.

Morality Policies in Europe Book PDF

Morality Policies in Europe

  • Author : Christoph Knill
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-07-05
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9781351557955

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Morality Policies in Europe Book Description :

The regulation of issues like abortion, euthanasia, gun control, same-sex unions, pornography, prostitution, drugs, or gambling is commonly referred to a special class of so called morality policies. The distinctive feature of these policies is that politics are shaped by conflicts over first principle: When does life end? When does it begin? Is gambling, drug consumption or prostitution inherently malignant? The regulation of these value conflicts entails decisions about "right" or "wrong" and hence the "validation of a particular set of basic values". Yet there is still a remarkable lack of scholarly attention on morality policies, in particular with regard to general implications for the study of public policy. To stimulate further research in this area, this book focuses on different concepts and theories of morality policy change in European countries. It is based on a broad and comparative empirical perspective on different morality issues, including, for instance, the regulation of prostitution, abortion, euthanasia, gambling, drugs, as well as gun controls.This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Nietzsche on Morality Book PDF

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Nietzsche on Morality

  • Author : Brian Leiter
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2003-09-02
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9781134743377

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Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Nietzsche on Morality Book Description :

Nietzsche is one of the most important and controversial thinkers in the history of philosophy. His writings on moral philosophy are amongst the most widely read works, both by philosophers and non-philosophers. Many of the ideas raised are both startling and disturbing, and have been the source of great contention. On the Genealogy of Morality is Nietzsche's most sustained and important contribution to moral philosophy, featuring many of the ideas for which he is best known, including the slave revolt in morals; will to power; genealogy; and perspectivism. The Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Nietzsche on Morality introduces the reader to these and other important Nietzschean themes patiently and clearly. It is the first book to examine the work in such a way, and will be a vital point of reference for any Nietzsche scholar, and essential reading for students coming to Nietzsche for the first time.

Nietzsche   On the Genealogy of Morality  and Other Writings Student Edition Book PDF

Nietzsche On the Genealogy of Morality and Other Writings Student Edition

  • Author : Friedrich Nietzsche
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-10-30
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 1139461214

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Nietzsche On the Genealogy of Morality and Other Writings Student Edition Book Description :

Friedrich Nietzsche is one of the most influential thinkers of the past 150 years and On the Genealogy of Morality (1887) is his most important work on ethics and politics. A polemical contribution to moral and political theory, it offers a critique of moral values and traces the historical evolution of concepts such as guilt, conscience, responsibility, law and justice. This is a revised and updated 2006 edition of one of the most successful volumes to appear in Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought. Keith Ansell-Pearson modified his introduction to Nietzsche's classic text, and Carol Diethe incorporated a number of changes to the translation itself, reflecting the considerable advances in our understanding of Nietzsche. In this guise the Cambridge Texts edition of Nietzsche's Genealogy should continue to enjoy widespread adoption, at both undergraduate and graduate level.

Creative Morality Book PDF

Creative Morality

  • Author : Don MacNiven
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 0415000300

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Creative Morality Book Description :

"Creative Morality is a philosophical study of moral dilemmas which is designed to heighten our awareness of the ethical systems on which most of us base our moral decisions. Don MacNiven provides a theoretical basis for critical discussion of these systems and contributes to the development of a comprehensive ethical theory which is suitable for contemporary moral problems."--Publisher's website.

Christian Morality Book PDF

Christian Morality

  • Author : William Johnson Fox
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1833
  • Genre : Ethics
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105041306635

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Christian Morality Book Description :

Marketing  Morality and the Natural Environment Book PDF

Marketing Morality and the Natural Environment

  • Author : Andrew Crane
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2002-01-04
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9781134612758

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Marketing Morality and the Natural Environment Book Description :

This volume provides a new look at marketing, and in particular the move to establish ostensibly 'green' marketing. Presenting evidence from extensive case studies, these concerns are addressed through an examination of managers' and employees' understanding of the green marketing activities and processes that take part in their organisations.

Morality and Health Book PDF

Morality and Health

  • Author : Allan M. Brandt
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-04-15
  • Genre : Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9781135024970

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Morality and Health Book Description :

From the castigation and stigmatization of victims of AIDS to our celebration of diet, exercise and fitness, the moral categorization of health and disease reflects contemporary notions that disease results from moral failure and that health is the representation of moral triumph. Ranging across academic disciplines and historical time periods, the essays in Morality and Health offer a compelling assessment of the powerful role of moral systems for judging the complex questions of risk and responsibility for disease, the experience of illness, and social and cultural responses to those who are sick. Contributors include Keith Thomas, Charles Rosenberg, Richard Shweder, Arthur Kleinman, David Mechanic, Nancy Tomes and Linda Gordon.

The Dialectical Necessity of Morality Book PDF

The Dialectical Necessity of Morality

  • Author : Deryck Beyleveld
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 523
  • ISBN : 0226044823

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The Dialectical Necessity of Morality Book Description :

Alan Gewirth's Reason and Morality, in which he set forth the Principle of Generic Consistency, is a major work of modern ethical theory that, though much debated and highly respected, has yet to gain full acceptance. Deryck Beyleveld contends that this resistance stems from misunderstanding of the method and logical operations of Gewirth's central argument. In this book Beyleveld seeks to remedy this deficiency. His rigorous reconstruction of Gewirth's argument gives its various parts their most compelling formulation and clarifies its essential logical structure. Beyleveld then classifies all the criticisms that Gewirth's argument has received and measures them against his reconstruction of the argument. The overall result is an immensely rich picture of the argument, in which all of its complex issues and key moves are clearly displayed and its validity can finally be discerned. The comprehensiveness of Beyleveld's treatment provides ready access to the entire debate surrounding the foundational argument of Reason and Morality. It will be required reading for all who are interested in Gewirth's theory and deontological ethics and will be of central importance to moral and legal theorists.

A Global Political Morality Book PDF

A Global Political Morality

  • Author : Michael J. Perry
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-03
  • Genre : Political Science
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9781108150354

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A Global Political Morality Book Description :

In A Global Political Morality, Michael J. Perry addresses several related questions in human rights theory, political theory and constitutional theory. He begins by explaining what the term 'human right' means and then elaborates and defends the morality of human rights, which is the first truly global morality in human history. Perry also pursues the implications of the morality of human rights for democratic governance and for the proper role of courts - especially the US Supreme Court - in protecting constitutionally entrenched human rights. The principal constitutional controversies discussed in the book are capital punishment, race-based affirmative action, same-sex marriage, physician-assisted suicide and abortion.

From Morality to Virtue Book PDF

From Morality to Virtue

  • Author : Michael A. Slote
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 1992
  • Genre : Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 267
  • ISBN : 9780195093926

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From Morality to Virtue Book Description :

Some have asked for more attention to the virtues within the compass of familiar underlying approaches to morality like utilitarianism and Kantian ethics. However, others have argued that a freestanding and systematic form of virtue ethics would have advantages over other large-scale approaches. This work attempts the latter approach.