Winner of the Graywolf Press Nonfiction Prize, a breathtaking elegy to the waning days of human spaceflight as we have known it In the 1960s, humans took their first steps away from Earth, and for a time our possibilities in space seemed endless. But in a time of austerity and in the wake of high-profile disasters like Challenger, that dream has ended. In early 2011, Margaret Lazarus Dean traveled to Cape Canaveral for NASA's last three space shuttle launches in order to bear witness to the end of an era. With Dean as our guide to Florida's Space Coast and to the history of NASA, Leaving Orbit takes the measure of what American spaceflight has achieved while reckoning with its earlier witnesses, such as Norman Mailer, Tom Wolfe, and Oriana Fallaci. Along the way, Dean meets NASA workers, astronauts, and space fans, gathering possible answers to the question: What does it mean that a spacefaring nation won't be going to space anymore?
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A wildly entertaining account of the rules, lessons, procedures, and experiences of space travel, How to Astronaut is a book that will appeal to anyone— male or female, young or old—with even a passing interest in space. Written by Col. Terry Virts, a former astronaut, space shuttle pilot, and International Space Station commander who spent 200 consecutive days in space, it answers all of our curious questions and much more: Here’s how to survive that first brush with weightlessness (in the so-called vomit comet); the nearly indescribable thrill of a first blastoff; managing the daily tasks—eating, bathing, doing chores, going to the bathroom— that are anything but ordinary when you’re orbiting the earth at 17,000 miles per hour; how to don your space suit and head out to work on a spacewalk (“alone in the vacuum”); how to prepare for emergencies of all kinds, from managing “space brain” to dealing with a dead crew member; and what it’s like to return to Earth, including something as seemingly simple as walking after spending six months in zero-g. A born storyteller, Virts reveals the often-untold side of space travel in 51 short chapters filled with a mix of you-are-there detail, a dose of science made simple, and the inherent drama of describing something few will ever know firsthand.
- Author : Annette Froehlich
- Publisher : Springer Nature
- Release Date : 2020-10-09
- Genre : Science
- Pages : 169
- ISBN : 9783030515591
This book shares a range of new and diverse insights on On-Orbit Servicing (OOS), and examines its implications especially from political, legal, economic, and security perspectives. OSS has been evolving rapidly and presents both challenges and opportunities, such as in-space repairs, refuelling, refurbishment of spacecraft and servicing satellites, which could play a critical role in extending satellite lifecycles, while also representing a valuable next step in debris mitigation. At the same time, many legal questions have arisen in connection with OOS: the need to prevent hostile actions under the pretext of OSS; the distinction between governmental and non-governmental OOS operators; the status of re-worked and recycled space objects; the issue of control in terms of operations performed in orbit, i.e., in the international sphere; the status of objects manufactured in orbit and applicable law, including liability and registration; and the impacts on insurance law and risk management. Finally, the book examines the implications of OOS for emerging space actors in the Global South, and recommends a paradigm shift to help developing countries fully recognise the necessity and urgency of being involved in discussions on OSS, as opposed to leaving it up to the developed space actors. This book will be of great interest to practitioners, academics, and students working in the space sector and related fields.
- Author : Robert Zimmerman
- Publisher : eBookIt.com
- Release Date :
- Genre : Uncategorized
- Pages : 231
- ISBN : 9781456632830
Determination of Nuclear rocket Power Levels for Unmanned Mars Vehicles Starting from Orbit about Earth
- Author : Richard H. Cavicchi
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 1962
- Genre : Nuclear rockets
- Pages : 40
- ISBN : UIUC:30112106744854
Nuclear rocket power levels for unmanned mars vehicles from earth orbit.
Determination of Nuclear rocket Power Levels for Unmanned Mars Vehicles Starting from Orbit about Earth
- Author : Richard H. Cavicchi
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 1962
- Genre : Uncategorized
- Pages : 40
- ISBN : NASA:31769000456742
Nuclear-powered Earth-orbital-launch probes can place greater payloads in orbit about Mars than chemical vehicles if reactor power exceeds 50 mw. Suitable reactor powers for this missionARE ABOUT 150, 400, AND 1000 MW FOR 33,000-, 81,000-, AND 200,000-LB VEHICLES, RESPECTIVELY. Whereas a 33,000-lb vehicle requires greater than a 200-day coast, a 145-day coast is feasible for an 81,000-lb vehicle. A hydrogen temperature of 4000 F in the nozzle appears to be a good compromise. Use of a solid-propellant rocket to achieve an orbit about Mars from coast yields no payload advantage. Using optimum firing dates, a 33,000-lb vehicle could orbit an acceptable payload about Mars, and an 81,000-lb vehicle could land freight on Mars. (Author).
Old Earth has nothing left for us, and so it is time for a new beginning. Cross galaxies, traverse light years and find yourself in a world where you can be the centre of your own universe. Welcome to New Earth. Never look back. Vela, the revered and celebrated architect of this new society, has recently been avoiding her public duties in favour of visiting the Old Earth Museum and the company of its Security Guard. As the final migrants arrive, she is becoming increasingly obsessed by her memories, and questions are growing about her sanity. Leaving Planet Earth is a site-responsive promenade production on an epic scale. Tracing the story of humanity's first migration into space, it asks fundamental questions about our connection to this planet. Should we leave this world, and if so, who will endure and at what cost?
Everyone seems to be thinking about Mars nowadays. NASA plans to have humans on Mars by 2030 while SpaceX wants to do it sooner, by 2024. Mars is a common theme in Hollywood. There are movies like The Martian and Life that speculate how life may be on the red planet. None of these movies, however, seems to address the elephant in the room—how will humans survive long-term on Mars? The Mars atmosphere is mostly comprised of carbon monoxide and its surface is too cold for human life. The gravity is 38% that of Earth. This leaves the question of how a human being can survive such an environment. Traveling to Mars is an easy task, as the journey will only take 260 days when the two planets are closest to each other. After arriving, the challenge is landing on the surface. What landing system is safe for colonists and astronauts? By 2007, scientists had four landing suggestions; the Legged Standing System, Sky-Crane Landing System, Airbag Landing System and lastly, the Touchdown Sensing. As of 2017, scientists had already come up with more ways for landing such as diving into the Martian atmosphere and skirting closer to the surface. NASA is already thinking of the kind of habitation that will help colonists survive on Mars. In 2016, six companies had started designing possible habitat prototypes. All these prototypes are likely to be similar in a few ways—they should be self-sustaining, able to support life for a long period of time without help from Earth, and have a seal against Mars’s thin atmosphere.
- Author : Nick Evans
- Publisher : Xalata Orbit and Melody Fret
- Release Date : 2019-02-18
- Genre : Fiction
- Pages : 232
- ISBN : 1797471368
Xalata Orbit meets danger head-on when she leaves a troubled Earth behind to live with her father on LunarBase and attend the Hydroponics Institute of the Moon's Central Air Facility. At first, life on the Moon seems dull compared with her home planet, but it is not long before she and her new friend, Melody Fret, are fighting a shadowy enemy for their freedom and battling a conspiracy that could destroy the Earth and all its inhabitants. What horrors are lurking in the derelict Habitat 14 on Farside? Why does the slimy Mr Fark take such an interest in the girls' security? What's the huge secret that Xalata's father carries with him? How can anyone stop an indestructible creature that looks set to destroy the LunarBase? And who are the Asttarians and why do they want to change humans' lives for ever? Xalata Orbit and Melody Fret - The Hammer of Asttar is a science fiction thriller for teenagers and young adults, set in a distant future where disease and terrorism have forced communities to live in secure isolation. The alternative? Populate the planets. But, someone's out to stop people leaving Earth.
This work (originally published in 1925) contributes to recognition of the feasibility of space travel. Treated are problems associated with leaving the earth, return to earth, free-space flight, circumnavigation of celestial objects, and landing on other celestial objects.
The Hubble Space Telescope has produced the most stunning images of the cosmos humanity has ever seen. It has transformed our understanding of the universe around us, revealing new information about its age and evolution, the life cycle of stars, and the very existence of black holes, among other startling discoveries. But it took an amazing amount of work and perseverance to get the first space telescope up and running. The Universe in a Mirror tells the story of this telescope and the visionaries responsible for its extraordinary accomplishments. Robert Zimmerman takes readers behind the scenes of one of the most ambitious scientific instruments ever sent into space. After World War II, astronomer Lyman Spitzer and a handful of scientists waged a fifty-year struggle to build the first space telescope capable of seeing beyond Earth's atmospheric veil. Zimmerman shows how many of the telescope's advocates sacrificed careers and family to get it launched, and how others devoted their lives to Hubble only to have their hopes and reputations shattered when its mirror was found to be flawed. This is the story of an idea that would not die--and of the dauntless human spirit. Illustrated with striking color images, The Universe in a Mirror describes the heated battles between scientists and bureaucrats, the perseverance of astronauts to repair and maintain the telescope, and much more. Hubble, and the men and women behind it, opened a rare window onto the universe, dazzling humanity with sights never before seen. This book tells their remarkable story. A new afterword updates the reader on the May 2009 Hubble service mission and looks to the future of astronomy, including the prospect of a new space telescope to replace Hubble.
The residents of Earth were progressing well and following their Four Laws of Conformity. Through genetic engineering they discovered their origins. Humanity treated Earth badly. Neglecting the needs of their home planet, resulting in a world that was hostile to life. They were forced to leave and find another planet. Humanity traveled over 300 years to Horizon. They had learned from their mistakes and took care of their new planet. 1,600 years after leaving Earth they wanted to return to their home. The first ship entered Earth's orbit and found a pristine planet welcoming them home, but they also found something else living there. Their first alien contact surprised them.
The time is 2183. Fifty-six-year-old Saunders Maxwell is a stubborn old space-farer who has spent his entire life in space. He has captained the Moon-Mars shuttle and led exploration missions beyond Mars. When he came to Mars in his forties he helped discover the water source that made the first American Mars colony possible. Later he turned to asteroid mining, captaining a small ship and crew of about a half dozen on repeated trips to the asteroid belt, bringing back minerals or even small asteroids so that the Mars colony could harvest them for the needed resources. Having just returned from one such four year mission, he and his pilot Harry Nickerson are heading back to Mars when, as they fly over the vast slopes of the giant volcano Olympus Mons, Maxwell spots this strange glint below, a glint that is not natural and should not be there. When they land they discover something entirely unexpected and impossible, the body of man who had disappeared on a distant asteroid almost a half century before. Sanford Addiono had been on one of the first manned missions to the asteroid belt when he and a partner had vanished. Nothing was ever heard from them again. Even more baffling, two later missions to the asteroid from which they had been lost found that it was gone as well, no longer in orbit where it was supposed to be. Now, 46 years later, Maxwell finds Addiono's body on the surface of Mars. How Addiono had gotten to Mars from a distant now-lost asteroid orbiting beyond Mars--without a spaceship--was a riddle that almost defied an answer. That riddle was magnified exponentially by what Addiono had brought back with him. Among his effects was a six-fingered robot hand that had clearly been made by some alien civilization, along with a recorder and memo book describing what Addiono had seen. Here was a mystery that would rock humanity, the first alien contact. And at that moment Saunders Maxwell decides that he is going to be the person to solve that mystery, even if i
Spacecraft takes a long look at humankind's attempts and advances in leaving Earth through incredible illustrations and authoritatively written profiles on Sputnik, the International Space Station, and beyond. In 1957, the world looked on with both uncertainty and amazement as the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first man-made orbiter. Sputnik 1 would spend three months circling Earth every 98 minutes and covering 71 million miles in the process. The world’s space programs have traveled far (literally and figuratively) since then, and the spacecraft they have developed and deployed represent almost unthinkable advances for such a relatively short period. This ambitiously illustrated aerospace history profiles and depicts spacecraft fromSputnik 1 through the International Space Station, andeverything in between, including concepts that have yet to actually venture outside the Earth’s atmosphere. Illustrator and aerospace professional Giuseppe De Chiara teams up with aerospace historian Michael Gorn to present a huge, profusely illustrated, and authoritatively written collection of profiles depicting and describing the design, development, and deployment of these manned and unmanned spacecraft. Satellites, capsules, spaceplanes, rockets, and space stations are illustrated in multiple-view, sometimes cross-section, and in many cases shown in archival period photography to provide further historical context. Dividing the book by era, De Chiara and Gorn feature spacecraft not only from the United States and Soviet Union/Russia, but also from the European Space Agency and China. The marvels examined in this volume include the rockets Energia, Falcon 9, and VEGA; the Hubble Space Telescope; the Cassini space probe; and the Mars rovers, Opportunity and Curiosity. Authoritatively written and profusely illustrated with more than 200 stunning artworks, Spacecraft: 100 Iconic Rockets, Shuttles, and Satellites That Put Us in Space is sure to become a definitive guide to
On February 1, 2003, the nation was stunned to watch the shuttle Columbia disintegrate into a blue-green sky. Despite the numerous new reports surrounding the tragedy, the public remained largely unaware that three men, U.S. astronauts Donald Pettit and Kenneth Bowersox, and Russian flight engineer Nikolai Budarin, remained orbiting the earth. With the launch program suspended indefinitely, these astronauts, who were already near the end of a fourteen-week mission, had suddenly lost their ride home. Out of Orbit is the harrowing, behind-the-scenes chronicle of the efforts of beleaguered Mission Controls in Houston and Moscow who worked frantically against the clock to bring their men safely back to Earth, ultimately settling on a plan that felt, at best, like a long shot. Given that no shuttle could come for them, the astronauts’ only hope for a return flight became a Russian-built Soyuz TMA-1 capsule, latched to the side of the space station—a piece of equipment roughly the equivalent of a “padded box attached to a parachute,” with a troubled history (in 1971 a malfunction in the Soyuz 11 capsule left three Russian astronauts dead) and dated technology. Gripping and faced-paced, Out of Orbit is an adventure in outer space that will keep you on the edge of your seat. In a day and age when space travel is poised to become available to masses, Out of Orbit vividly captures both its hazardous realities and soaring majesty.
Star Trek was right — there is only one final frontier, and that is space... Human beings are natural explorers, and nowhere is this frontier spirit stronger than in the United States of America. It almost defines the character of the US. But the Earth is running out of frontiers fast. In Brian Clegg's The Final Frontier we discover the massive challenges that face explorers, both human and robotic, to uncover the current and future technologies that could take us out into the galaxy and take a voyage of discovery where no one has gone before... but one day someone will. In 2003, General Wesley Clark set the nation a challenge to produce the technology that would enable new pioneers to explore the galaxy. That challenge is tough — the greatest we've ever faced. But taking on the final frontier does not have to be a fantasy. In a time of recession, escapism is always popular — and what greater escape from the everyday can there be than the chance of leaving Earth's bounds and exploring the universe? With a rich popular culture heritage in science fiction movies, books and TV shows, this is a subject that entertains and informs in equal measure.
We describe a different type of round trip to Mars, using a combination of spacecraft. Compared to typical proposals, this flight is relatively fast and relatively safe from biological radiation dosage. Our study is concerned with the trip from Earth orbit to Mars orbit. Four spacecraft are required for the round trip. The crew spends most of their time on board a comparatively large, well shielded spacecraft (LC) which is in free (non-powered) orbit about the sun. The crew travels from Earth orbit to the LC while on board a comparatively small, powered spacecraft (SC). At Mars, the procedure is reversed and the crew returns on a second LC. In addition, a cargo craft, with no crew, is sent to Mars prior to the crew leaving Earth orbit. The trip time is about six months and the radiation dose equivalent is within guidelines recommended by the National Commission on Radiation Protection and Measurements.
Follow the evolution of transportation from the wheel to the internal combustion engine to the airplane. Discover how the simple wheel has inspired modern and future transportation. With detailed diagrams, essential history, and explanations of the underlying science, this is a book that will keep readers moving in the right direction.
The five nations of the Earth have finished mankind's greatest construction project "the Star Arks." Each nation has vowed it would not depart without the others, so no nation would be able to claim rights to the riches of Sol-2 alone. That all was about to change... The Ark Wars - EXODUS Book One Mankind's greatest construction project. The Star Arks are massive ships that have the ability to travel between space/time to find a new home for the displaced human race. The Star Arks construction is the desperate effort to save humanity as Earth moves in towards the sun when Jupiter's orbit is disturbed, throwing the once calm solar system into chaos. The inner planets will burn slowly or be tossed into deep space as Jupiter moves inward, leaving the human race no other choice but to look to deep space for a new home. Where they find Sol-2 a system very similar to Earth. THE EXODUS will be the greatest journey mankind has ever embarked on. Making humanity truly the children of stars if they can keep from destroying themselves. Each Nation has developed their own fantastic machines with even deadlier weapons to carry the hopes of a world beyond Sol-1 and into unknown space. In the rush to build the Star Arks the Five Nations have enslaved their populations, have consumed vast resources raising suspicions on a world that can no longer support its population and who are unaware of the orbiting Arks true purpose. The specter of war hangs in the wind just waiting for the smallest spark to flame the fragile peace between the Nations. An evolutionary terrorist faction called "The Ballrog" believe humans should not be allowed to leave Earth and should face their end in the system of their birth, attack the AMAZON Star Ark in orbit. Forcing Admiral Nichole Rhea to make a choice that will ultimately bring destruction and death to the North American Alliance when she decides to break orbit for Sol-2 alone. Her action will send a world who has forgotten their humanity while trying