Language Universals Book PDF

Language Universals

  • Author : Joseph Harold Greenberg
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 89
  • ISBN : 3110172844

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Language Universals Book Description :

"This is the latest version of the 1956 book which began the modern study of universals, and provides the foundation for many inquiries that followed. The hypotheses are cast at a moderate level of abstraction, and so are likely to survive as a basis for inquiry for many decades to come." Prof. Dr. William Labov

Language Universals Book PDF

Language Universals

  • Author : Joseph Greenberg
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2020-01-20
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 90
  • ISBN : 9783110802528

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Language Universals Book Description :

„This is the latest version of the 1956 book which began the modern study of universals, and provides the foundation for many inquiries that followed. The hypotheses are cast at a moderate level of abstraction, and so are likely to survive as a basis for inquiry for many decades to come.” Prof. Dr. William Labov, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Linguistics.

Language Universals and Second Language Acquisition Book PDF

Language Universals and Second Language Acquisition

  • Author : William E. Rutherford
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
  • Release Date : 1984-01-01
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9789027228703

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Language Universals and Second Language Acquisition Book Description :

This volume consists of papers presented at the Conference on Language Universals and Second Language Acquisition, University of Southern California, February 1982. Published with the papers are the remarks of the originally assigned discussants. The collection represents an important cross-fertilization between research in grammatical theory and in second language acquisition. Topics dealt with in a number of the papers include word order, markedness, core grammar, accessability hierarchies, and simplified registers. The range of universals discussed embraces phonology, syntax, semantics, and discourse. Universals are also considered with reference to ontology, psychological reality, and evaluation metrics.

Explanations for Language Universals Book PDF

Explanations for Language Universals

  • Author : Brian Butterworth
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2014-07-24
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 9783110868555

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Explanations for Language Universals Book Description :

Language Typology and Language Universals Book PDF

Language Typology and Language Universals

  • Author : Martin Haspelmath
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 1856
  • ISBN : 9783110171549

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Language Typology and Language Universals Book Description :

This series of HANDBOOKS OF LINGUISTICS AND COMMUNICATION SCIENCE is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction. For "classic" linguistics there appears to be a need for a review of the state of the art which will provide a reference base for the rapid advances in research undertaken from a variety of theoretical standpoints, while in the more recent branches of communication science the handbooks will give researchers both an verview and orientation. To attain these objectives, the series will aim for a standard comparable to that of the leading handbooks in other disciplines, and to this end will strive for comprehensiveness, theoretical explicitness, reliable documentation of data and findings, and up-to-date methodology. The editors, both of the series and of the individual volumes, and the individual contributors, are committed to this aim. The languages of publication are English, German, and French. The main aim of the series is to provide an appropriate account of the state of the art in the various areas of linguistics and communication science covered by each of the various handbooks; however no inflexible pre-set limits will be imposed on the scope of each volume. The series is open-ended, and can thus take account of further developments in the field. This conception, coupled with the necessity of allowing adequate time for each volume to be prepared with the necessary care, means that there is no set time-table for the publication of the whole series. Each volume will be a self-contained work, complete in itself. The order in which the handbooks are published does not imply any rank ordering, but is determined by the way in which the series is organized; the editor of the whole series enlist a compete

Linguistic Universals Book PDF

Linguistic Universals

  • Author : Ricardo Mairal
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-10-19
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9781139459709

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Linguistic Universals Book Description :

The discovery of 'linguistic universals' - the properties that all languages have in common - is a fundamental goal of linguistic research. Linguists face the task of accounting for why languages, which apparently differ so greatly from one another on the surface, display striking similarities in their underlying structure. This volume brings together a team of leading experts to show how different linguistic theories have approached this challenge. Drawing on work from both formal and functional perspectives, it provides a comprehensive overview of the most notable work on linguistic universals - with chapters on syntax, semantics, phonology, morphology and typology - and explores a range of central issues, such as the relationship between linguistic universals and the language faculty, and what linguistic universals can tell us about our biological make-up and cognitive abilities. Clear and succinct, it will be invaluable to anyone seeking a greater understanding of the phenomenon that is human language.

Language Universals Research Book PDF

Language Universals Research

  • Author : Hansjakob Seiler
  • Publisher : Gunter Narr Verlag
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre : Linguistic universals
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 3823347802

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Language Universals Research Book Description :

A Select Catalog of Language Universals Book PDF

A Select Catalog of Language Universals

  • Author : Gyula Décsy
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1987
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN : UOM:39015018484983

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A Select Catalog of Language Universals Book Description :

On Language Book PDF

On Language

  • Author : Joseph Harold Greenberg
  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 737
  • ISBN : 0804716137

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On Language Book Description :

This is a collection of 37 of the most important, enduring, and influential essays by one of the great linguists of this century, gathered from a wide range of journals and books spanning four decades.

Defining Language Universals Book PDF

Defining Language Universals

  • Author : Bianca Stärk
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2006-11-20
  • Genre : Literary Collections
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN : 9783638571326

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Defining Language Universals Book Description :

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Anglistik - Linguistik, Note: 2,8, Universität zu Köln (Anglistisches Institut), Veranstaltung: Morphosyntax English - German, 5 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Language is something uniquely human. Bertrand Russell stated in 1948 that “A dog cannot relate his autobiography; however eloquently he may bark, he cannot tell you that his parents were honest though poor” (Whaley 1997: 4). Language ist not only unique to humans and diverse but there are also commonalities between languages. About five thousand languages are spoken in the world today but there still is a basic unity that undelies their diversities. Many of the world’s languages show similar principles. An example of such a similaritiy is word order. In some languages such as English, French and Italian the word order is subject, verb and object. This is the so called SOV order. Besides similarities like this, there also exist features between some languages, which are common to all human languages in the world and are called language universals. These language universals classify entire languages into categories which are then based on shared properties. Language universals are examined within the field of typology. Typology has the task of examining cross-linguistic patterns. This means that “all typological research is based on comparisons between languages” (Whaley 1997: 7). Through comparing different languages with each other, one necessarily comes into contact with universals, which hold true for a group of languages or even for all languages. This is how language universals are placed within the field of typology.

Language Universals and Linguistic Typology Book PDF

Language Universals and Linguistic Typology

  • Author : Bernard Comrie
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 1989-07-15
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0226114333

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Language Universals and Linguistic Typology Book Description :

Here, Comrie (linguistics, U. of Southern Cal.) is particularly concerned with syntactico-semantic universals, devoting chapters to word order, case marking, relative clauses, and causative constructions. This second edition takes full account of new research into generative grammatical theory. Acidic paper. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Phonological Development in Specific Contexts Book PDF

Phonological Development in Specific Contexts

  • Author : Zhu Hua
  • Publisher : Multilingual Matters
  • Release Date : 2002-01-01
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 185359587X

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Phonological Development in Specific Contexts Book Description :

This is the first book-length study of phonological development and impairment of Chinese-speaking children. It provides the first normative data on this population, which will be of value to speech and language therapists and other professionals. It also advances the notion of 'phonological saliency' which explains the cross-linguistic similarities and differences in children's phonological development.

Language Contact  German and Slovenian Book PDF

Language Contact German and Slovenian

  • Author : Donald F. Reindl
  • Publisher : Brockmeyer Verlag
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre : Bilingualism
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 9783819607158

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Language Contact German and Slovenian Book Description :

The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences  MITECS  Book PDF

The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences MITECS

  • Author : Robert A. Wilson
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2001-09-04
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 1096
  • ISBN : 0262731444

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The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences MITECS Book Description :

Since the 1970s the cognitive sciences have offered multidisciplinary ways of understanding the mind and cognition. The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (MITECS) is a landmark, comprehensive reference work that represents the methodological and theoretical diversity of this changing field. At the core of the encyclopedia are 471 concise entries, from Acquisition and Adaptationism to Wundt and X-bar Theory. Each article, written by a leading researcher in the field, provides an accessible introduction to an important concept in the cognitive sciences, as well as references or further readings. Six extended essays, which collectively serve as a roadmap to the articles, provide overviews of each of six major areas of cognitive science: Philosophy; Psychology; Neurosciences; Computational Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and Evolution. For both students and researchers, MITECS will be an indispensable guide to the current state of the cognitive sciences.

The Linguistic Structure of Modern English Book PDF

The Linguistic Structure of Modern English

  • Author : Laurel J. Brinton
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 9789027211712

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The Linguistic Structure of Modern English Book Description :

This text is for advanced undergraduate and graduate students interested in contemporary English, especially those whose primary area of interest is English as a second language, primary or secondary-school education, English stylistics, theoretical and applied linguistics, or speech pathology. The emphasis is on empirical facts of English rather than any particular theory of linguistics; the text does not assume any background in language or linguistics. In this newly revised edition numerous example sentences are taken from the Corpus of Contemporary American English. A full glossary of key terms, an additional chapter on pedagogy and new sections on cognitive semantics and politeness have been added. Other changes include: completely updated print references; web links to sites of special interest and relevance; and a revised, reader-friendly layout. A companion website that includes a complete workbook with self-testing exercises and a comprehensive list of web links accompanies the book. The website can be found at the following address: http: //dx.doi.org/10.1075/z.156.workbook Students completing the text and workbook will acquire: a knowledge of the sound system of contemporary English; an understanding of the formation of English words; a comprehension of the structure of both simple and complex sentence in English; a recognition of complexities in the expression of meaning; an understanding of the context and function of use upon the structure of the language; and an appreciation of the importance of linguistic knowledge to the teaching of English to first and second-language learners. Laurel J. Brinton is Professor of English Language at the University of British Columbia. Donna M. Brinton is Senior Lecturer in TESOL at the University of Southern California's Rossier School of Education."The Linguistic Structure of Modern English" is a revised edition of "The Structure of Modern English" by Laurel J. Brinton (2000).

Typology and Universals Book PDF

Typology and Universals

  • Author : William Croft
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2002-11-21
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9781316582886

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Typology and Universals Book Description :

Comparison of the grammars of human languages reveals systematic patterns of variation. Typology and universals research uncovers those patterns to formulate universal constraints on language and seek their exploration. In this essential textbook, William Croft presents a comprehensive introduction to the method and theory used in studying typology and universals. The theoretical issues discussed range from the most fundamental to the most abstract. The book provides students and researchers with extensive examples of language universals in phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. This second edition has been thoroughly rewritten and updated to reflect advances in typology and universals in the past decade, including: new methodologies such as the semantic map model and questions of syntactic argumentation; discussion of current debates over deeper explanations for specific classes of universals; and comparison of the typological and generative approaches to language.

Universal Grammar in Second Language Acquisition Book PDF

Universal Grammar in Second Language Acquisition

  • Author : Margaret Thomas
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2004-07-31
  • Genre : Foreign Language Study
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9781134388547

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Universal Grammar in Second Language Acquisition Book Description :

From the ancient Mediterranean world to the present day, our conceptions of what is universal in language have interacted with our experiences of language learning. This book tells two stories: the story of how scholars in the west have conceived of the fact that human languages share important properties despite their obvious differences, and the story of how westerners have understood the nature of second or foreign language learning. In narrating these two stories, the author argues that modern second language acquisition theory needs to reassess what counts as its own past. The book addresses Greek contributions to the prehistory of universal grammar, Roman bilingualism, the emergence of the first foreign language grammars in the early Middle Ages, and the Medieval speculative grammarians efforts to define the essentials of human language. The author shows how after the renaissance expanded people's awareness of language differences, scholars returned to the questions of universals in the context of second language learning, including in the 1660 Port-Royal grammar which Chomsky notoriously celebrated in Cartesian Linguistics. The book then looks at how Post-Saussurean European linguistics and American structuralism up to modern generative grammar have each differently conceived of universals and language learning. Universal Grammar in Second Language Acquisition is a remarkable contribution to the history of linguistics and will be essential reading for students and scholars of linguistics, specialists in second language acquisition and language teacher-educators.

Language Typology and Language Universals Book PDF

Language Typology and Language Universals

  • Author : Martin Haspelmath
  • Publisher : De Gruyter Mouton
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre : Linguistic universals
  • Pages : 1856
  • ISBN : UOM:39015053049055

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Language Typology and Language Universals Book Description :

This series of HANDBOOKS OF LINGUISTICS AND COMMUNICATION SCIENCE is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction. For "classic" linguistics there appears to be a need for a review of the state of the art which will provide a reference base for the rapid advances in research undertaken from a variety of theoretical standpoints, while in the more recent branches of communication science the handbooks will give researchers both an verview and orientation. To attain these objectives, the series will aim for a standard comparable to that of the leading handbooks in other disciplines, and to this end will strive for comprehensiveness, theoretical explicitness, reliable documentation of data and findings, and up-to-date methodology. The editors, both of the series and of the individual volumes, and the individual contributors, are committed to this aim. The languages of publication are English, German, and French. The main aim of the series is to provide an appropriate account of the state of the art in the various areas of linguistics and communication science covered by each of the various handbooks; however no inflexible pre-set limits will be imposed on the scope of each volume. The series is open-ended, and can thus take account of further developments in the field. This conception, coupled with the necessity of allowing adequate time for each volume to be prepared with the necessary care, means that there is no set time-table for the publication of the whole series. Each volume will be a self-contained work, complete in itself. The order in which the handbooks are published does not imply any rank ordering, but is determined by the way in which the series is organized; the editor of the whole series enlist a compete

Language Invariants and Mental Operations Book PDF

Language Invariants and Mental Operations

  • Author : Hansjakob Seiler
  • Publisher : Gunter Narr Verlag
  • Release Date : 1985
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 3878087845

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Language Invariants and Mental Operations Book Description :