Language  Cognition  and Human Nature Book PDF

Language Cognition and Human Nature

  • Author : Steven Pinker
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-09-27
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 9780199361151

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Language Cognition and Human Nature Book Description :

Language, Cognition, and Human Nature collects together for the first time much of Steven Pinker's most influential scholarly work on language and cognition. Pinker's seminal research explores the workings of language and its connections to cognition, perception, social relationships, child development, human evolution, and theories of human nature. This eclectic collection spans Pinker's thirty-year career, exploring his favorite themes in greater depth and scientific detail. It includes thirteen of Pinker's classic articles, ranging over topics such as language development in children, mental imagery, the recognition of shapes, the computational architecture of the mind, the meaning and uses of verbs, the evolution of language and cognition, the nature-nurture debate, and the logic of innuendo and euphemism. Each outlines a major theory or takes up an argument with another prominent scholar, such as Stephen Jay Gould, Noam Chomsky, or Richard Dawkins. Featuring a new introduction by Pinker that discusses his books and scholarly work, this collection reflects essential contributions to cognitive science by one of our leading thinkers and public intellectuals.

Language  Cognition  and Human Nature Book PDF

Language Cognition and Human Nature

  • Author : Steven Pinker
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-09-27
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9780199328758

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Language Cognition and Human Nature Book Description :

Language, Cognition, and Human Nature collects together for the first time much of Steven Pinker's most influential scholarly work on language and cognition. Pinker's seminal research explores the workings of language and its connections to cognition, perception, social relationships, child development, human evolution, and theories of human nature. This eclectic collection spans Pinker's thirty-year career, exploring his favorite themes in greater depth and scientific detail. It includes thirteen of Pinker's classic articles, ranging over topics such as language development in children, mental imagery, the recognition of shapes, the computational architecture of the mind, the meaning and uses of verbs, the evolution of language and cognition, the nature-nurture debate, and the logic of innuendo and euphemism. Each outlines a major theory or takes up an argument with another prominent scholar, such as Stephen Jay Gould, Noam Chomsky, or Richard Dawkins. Featuring a new introduction by Pinker that discusses his books and scholarly work, this collection reflects essential contributions to cognitive science by one of our leading thinkers and public intellectuals.

Patterns In The Mind Book PDF

Patterns In The Mind

  • Author : Ray S Jackendoff
  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release Date : 2008-08-04
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9780786724055

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Patterns In The Mind Book Description :

What is it about the human mind that accounts for the fact that we can speak and understand a language? Why can't other creatures do the same? And what does this tell us about the rest of human abilities? Recent dramatic discoveries in linguistics and psychology provide intriguing answers to these age-old mysteries. In this fascinating book, Ray Jackendoff emphasizes the grammatical commonalities across languages, both spoken and signed, and discusses the implications for our understanding of language acquisition and loss.

Tools  Language and Cognition in Human Evolution Book PDF

Tools Language and Cognition in Human Evolution

  • Author : Kathleen R. Gibson
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1994
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 483
  • ISBN : 052148541X

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Tools Language and Cognition in Human Evolution Book Description :

Looks at how humans have evolved complex behaviours such as language and culture.

Back to Human Nature Book PDF

Back to Human Nature

  • Author : Charles B. Osburn
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Release Date : 2020-09-08
  • Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN : 9781476640211

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Back to Human Nature Book Description :

Emotions, feelings and morality play a critical role in our daily decision-making. With the rapid advance of industry and technology, however, this subjective information is becoming less valued in critical decisions. Rational thought and the accumulation of objective knowledge are often credited with humanity's thriving success in recent centuries. This book makes the case that humanity's social progress has only been possible through these too often repressed subjective factors, and will be equally crucial in altering the present course of society.

Divination and Human Nature Book PDF

Divination and Human Nature

  • Author : Peter T. Struck
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-23
  • Genre : History
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9780691183459

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Divination and Human Nature Book Description :

Divination and Human Nature casts a new perspective on the rich tradition of ancient divination—the reading of divine signs in oracles, omens, and dreams. Popular attitudes during classical antiquity saw these readings as signs from the gods while modern scholars have treated such beliefs as primitive superstitions. In this book, Peter Struck reveals instead that such phenomena provoked an entirely different accounting from the ancient philosophers. These philosophers produced subtle studies into what was an odd but observable fact—that humans could sometimes have uncanny insights—and their work signifies an early chapter in the cognitive history of intuition. Examining the writings of Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, and the Neoplatonists, Struck demonstrates that they all observed how, setting aside the charlatans and swindlers, some people had premonitions defying the typical bounds of rationality. Given the wide differences among these ancient thinkers, Struck notes that they converged on seeing this surplus insight as an artifact of human nature, projections produced under specific conditions by our physiology. For the philosophers, such unexplained insights invited a speculative search for an alternative and more naturalistic system of cognition. Recovering a lost piece of an ancient tradition, Divination and Human Nature illustrates how philosophers of the classical era interpreted the phenomena of divination as a practice closer to intuition and instinct than magic.

The Blank Slate Book PDF

The Blank Slate

  • Author : Steven Pinker
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release Date : 2003-08-26
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 9780142003343

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The Blank Slate Book Description :

A brilliant inquiry into the origins of human nature from the author of Rationality, The Better Angels of Our Nature, and Enlightenment Now. "Sweeping, erudite, sharply argued, and fun to read..also highly persuasive." --Time Updated with a new afterword One of the world's leading experts on language and the mind explores the idea of human nature and its moral, emotional, and political colorings. With characteristic wit, lucidity, and insight, Pinker argues that the dogma that the mind has no innate traits-a doctrine held by many intellectuals during the past century-denies our common humanity and our individual preferences, replaces objective analyses of social problems with feel-good slogans, and distorts our understanding of politics, violence, parenting, and the arts. Injecting calm and rationality into debates that are notorious for ax-grinding and mud-slinging, Pinker shows the importance of an honest acknowledgment of human nature based on science and common sense.

Language  Cognition  and Biblical Exegesis Book PDF

Language Cognition and Biblical Exegesis

  • Author : Ronit Nikolsky
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-06-13
  • Genre : Religion
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9781350078116

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Language Cognition and Biblical Exegesis Book Description :

What role do texts play in religious practice? What is the relationship between these texts and cognition? Are some texts more successful because they are better adapted to our cognitive structures? Why is biblical interpretation necessary, and what is the cognitive process behind it? This book considers such questions, and fills the gap in research on religious texts and narratives in the cognitive science of religion. The study of ancient religions and biblical studies are dominated by textual evidence. However, the cognitive science of religion is lacking significant research on the language and textual interpretation of this literature. This book presents a systematic attempt to redefine the interpretation of religious texts in a cognitive framework, providing concrete textual analysis on a broad selection of biblical passages. It explores the ways that cognitive approaches to language and textual interpretation expand the disciplines of the cognitive science of religion and biblical studies. This book brings together methodology from the cognitive sciences, linguistics, philology, biblical studies, and religious studies, to offer a new perspective for biblical studies and cognitive sciences. It presents a renewed vision of textual interpretation - one that aligns hermeneutical reflection with our cognitive capacities.

Learnability and Cognition  new edition Book PDF

Learnability and Cognition new edition

  • Author : Steven Pinker
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-24
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 9780262518406

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Learnability and Cognition new edition Book Description :

A classic book about language acquisition and conceptual structure, with a new preface by the author, "The Secret Life of Verbs." Before Steven Pinker wrote bestsellers on language and human nature, he wrote several technical monographs on language acquisition that have become classics in cognitive science. Learnability and Cognition, first published in 1989, brought together two big topics: how do children learn their mother tongue, and how does the mind represent basic categories of meaning such as space, time, causality, agency, and goals? The stage for this synthesis was set by the fact that when children learn a language, they come to make surprisingly subtle distinctions: pour water into the glass and fill the glass with water sound natural, but pour the glass with water and fill water into the glass sound odd. How can this happen, given that children are not reliably corrected for uttering odd sentences, and they don't just parrot back the correct ones they hear from their parents? Pinker resolves this paradox with a theory of how children acquire the meaning and uses of verbs, and explores that theory's implications for language, thought, and the relationship between them. As Pinker writes in a new preface, "The Secret Life of Verbs," the phenomena and ideas he explored in this book inspired his 2007 bestseller The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature. These technical discussions, he notes, provide insight not just into language acquisition but into literary metaphor, scientific understanding, political discourse, and even the conceptions of sexuality that go into obscenity.

Summary   Analysis of Enlightenment Now Book PDF

Summary Analysis of Enlightenment Now

  • Author : ZIP Reads
  • Publisher : ZIP Reads
  • Release Date : 2018-04-11
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 60
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX

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Summary Analysis of Enlightenment Now Book Description :

If you've been feeling like the world has been getting worse off, that violence is on the rise, or that humanity has already "peaked" then this book will challenge everything you've been feeling. Delve deep into the world of data where Pinker presents rock-solid arguments for the betterment of humanity as a whole. Steven Pinker wants to prove that we are living in a world that is better off than it has ever been, and it will only continue to get better. In Enlightenment Now, Pinker argues that the best tools we have come from the 18th century ideals of reason, science, progress and humanism, and we can leverage them in very 21st century ways by using data to tell the story of our modern world. What does this ZIP Reads Summary Include? A synopsis of the original bookAn overview of the core tenets of Enlightenment thinkingDetailed chapter-by-chapter breakdownsKey takeaways including major data points from Pinker's bookA in-depth editorial review of the merits and shortcomings of the original titleEditorial Review of the original bookShort bio of Steven PinkerAbout the Original Book: Enlightenment Now is Steven Pinker’s love letter to the Enlightenment. Knowledge, he argues, is our best tool against the traps set by atrophying political parties, salacious media, and theocratic social norms. With reason, science, and humanism—the foundational principles of the Enlightenment—and our modern ways of measuring progress by way of data, Pinker elegantly proves that the world is in a better place than it used to be, and things will only keep getting better so long as we stay committed to those principles that have served us and still do. DISCLAIMER: This book is intended as a companion to, not a replacement for, Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress. ZIP Reads is wholly responsible for this content and is not associated with the original author in any way.

The Social Evolution of Human Nature Book PDF

The Social Evolution of Human Nature

  • Author : Harry Smit
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-04-03
  • Genre : Science
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9781139868211

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The Social Evolution of Human Nature Book Description :

This book sheds new light on the problem of how the human mind evolved. Harry Smit argues that current studies of this problem misguidedly try to solve it by using variants of the Cartesian conception of the mind, and shows that combining the Aristotelian conception with Darwin's theory provides us with far more interesting answers. He discusses the core problem of how we can understand language evolution in terms of inclusive fitness theory, and investigates how scientific and conceptual insights can be integrated into one explanatory framework, which he contrasts with the alternative Cartesian-derived framework. He then explores the differences between these explanatory frameworks with reference to co-operation and conflict at different levels of biological organization, the evolution of communicative behaviour, the human mind, language, and moral behaviour. His book will interest advanced students and scholars in a range of subjects including philosophy, biology and psychology.

Language  Cognition  and Computational Models Book PDF

Language Cognition and Computational Models

  • Author : Thierry Poibeau
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-30
  • Genre : Computers
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 9781107162228

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Language Cognition and Computational Models Book Description :

This book uses recent computational models to explore issues related to language and cognition.

Language in Cognition Book PDF

Language in Cognition

  • Author : Cedric Boeckx
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-09-28
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9781405158817

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Language in Cognition Book Description :

This textbook explores the ways in which language informs the structure and function of the human mind, offering a point of entry into the fascinating territory of cognitive science. Focusing mainly on syntactic issues, Language in Cognition is a unique contribution to this burgeoning field of study. Guides undergraduate students through the core questions of linguistics and cognitive science, and provides tools that will help them think about the field in a structured way Uses the study of language and how language informs the structure and function of the human mind to introduce the major ideas in modern cognitive science, including its history and controversies Explores questions such as: what does it mean to say that linguistics is part of the cognitive sciences; how do the core properties of language compare with the core properties of other human cognitive abilities such as vision, music, mathematics, and other mental building blocks; and what is the relationship between language and thought? Includes an indispensable study guide as well as extensive references to encourage further independent study

Absorption Book PDF

Absorption

  • Author : Johannes Bronkhorst
  • Publisher : UniversityMedia
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 9783906000244

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Absorption Book Description :

This book argues for the central role played by absorption in the functioning of the human mind. The importance of absorption makes itself felt in different ways; the two studies combined in this book concentrate on two of them. The first study, The Symbolic Mind, argues that, largely as a result of language acquisition, humans have two levels of cognition, which in normal circumstances are simultaneously active. Absorption is a (or the) means to circumvent some, perhaps all, of the associations that characterize one of these two levels of cognition, resulting in what is sometimes referred to as mystical experience, but which is not confined to mysticism and plays a role in various "religious" phenomena, and elsewhere. In the second study, The Psychology of the Buddha, Prof. Bronkhorst provides a theoretical context for the observation that absorption is a source of pleasure, grapples with Freud, and illustrates his observations through translations of ancient Buddhist texts from the Pali and Sanskrit languages along with his psychological commentary. Johannes Bronkhorst is emeritus professor of Sanskrit and Indian studies at the University of Lausanne. He has published widely in the history of Indian religious, philosophical and scientific thought, and in religious studies in general. Among his recent books: Greater Magadha (2007), Aux origines de la philosophie indienne (2008), Buddhist Teaching in India (2009), Buddhism in the Shadow of Brahmanism (2011), Karma (2011).

The Director and The Manager Book PDF

The Director and The Manager

  • Author : David S. Fushtey
  • Publisher : IAP
  • Release Date : 2019-02-01
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 1047
  • ISBN : 9781641130516

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The Director and The Manager Book Description :

Machiavelli Had it Easy is an engaging text for the emerging discipline of governance. Gaps arise when directors and managers come together from diverse vocational and cultural languages and interests. Compressed information streams in the digital age, yet few reconcile silos of business, legal expertise and regulatory public-interests for informed decisions. This text presents research and a market-tested decision-framework for comparative law, market practice, and human nature in the vital strategic-oversight role of governance. Informed by cognitive science, business practice and legal duties, one conclusion is that bias and self-interests are instinctive but reconciling best-interests is not. Too often lessons learned from centuries of law are overlooked. The chapters are a dozen inquiries into recurring problems in the boardroom. Part one is an entry-level technical reference of law and governance principles. Unique appendices of keywords and case notes will aid those new to markets governed by the western rule-of-law and those tripping on gaps in comparative jargon. Part two is a series of practical hot-topics in the context of law and governance; part three looks to next steps in accountability and liability. The text will help accountants, engineers, lawyers, and business operations and market-policy experts from around the world work together, and; professors, professionals and students anticipate change. After drilling through accountability and liability for hybrid organizations, typical crises are revealed to be from a lack of aligning interests and related information churn. Conclusions of the how and why of governance systems link the human condition and the rule-of-law in the digital age.

Language  Cognition  and Deafness Book PDF

Language Cognition and Deafness

  • Author : Michael Rodda
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2013-08-21
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9781134933105

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Language Cognition and Deafness Book Description :

First published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Deafness  Gesture and Sign Language in the 18th Century French Philosophy Book PDF

Deafness Gesture and Sign Language in the 18th Century French Philosophy

  • Author : Josef Fulka
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2020-04-15
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 9789027261489

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Deafness Gesture and Sign Language in the 18th Century French Philosophy Book Description :

The book represents a historical overview of the way the topic of gesture and sign language has been treated in the 18th century French philosophy. The texts treated are grouped into several categories based on the view they present of deafness and gesture. While some of those texts obviously view deafness and sign language in negative terms, i.e. as deficiency, others present deafness essentially as difference, i.e. as a set of competences that might provide some insights into how spoken language works. One of the arguments of the book is that these two views of deafness and sign language still represent two dominant paradigms present in the current debates on the issue. The aim of the book, therefore, is not only to provide a historical overview but to trace what might be called a “history of the present”.

Cognition and Pragmatics Book PDF

Cognition and Pragmatics

  • Author : Dominiek Sandra
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009-12-09
  • Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 399
  • ISBN : 9789027289209

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Cognition and Pragmatics Book Description :

The ten volumes of Handbook of Pragmatics Highlights focus on the most salient topics in the field of pragmatics, thus dividing its wide interdisciplinary spectrum in a transparent and manageable way. While other volumes select philosophical, grammatical, social, variational, interactional, or discursive angles, this third volume focuses on the interface between language and cognition. Language use is impossible without the mobilization of a large variety of cognitive processes, each serving a different purpose. During the last half century cognitive approaches to language have been particularly successful, and the broad spectrum of contributions to this volume testify to this success. As cognitive approaches to language are by definition a subset of the larger enterprise of cognitive science, a contribution on this general topic sets the stage. This is joined by a chapter on cognitive grammar, a theoretical study of the architecture of human language that is deeply inspired by general cognitive principles. A chapter on experimentation offers a crash-course on basic issues of experimental design and on the rationale behind statistical testing in general and the most important statistical tests in particular, offering a methodological toolkit for understanding many of the other contributions. Different chapters cover a broad range of topics: language acquisition, psycholinguistics, specialized topics within the latter field (e.g. the bilingual mental lexicon, categorization), and aspects of language awareness. Some chapters home in on what have become indispensible perspectives on the cognitive underpinnings of language: the way language is represented and processed in the human brain and simulation studies. The ever-growing success of the latter type of studies is exemplified, for instance, by the highly flourishing connectionist tradition and the more general paradigm of artificial intelligence, each of which is dealt with in a separate contribution.

Human Nature Explored Book PDF

Human Nature Explored

  • Author : George Mandler
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : UOM:39015040553516

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Human Nature Explored Book Description :

What exactly is "human nature"? Are we correct in accepting ourselves as unchangeable, determined by biology, or is this idea an obstacle to our cognitive, emotional, and evolutionary development? George Mandler explores these questions from a fresh evolutionary and social perspective. He examines the burgeoning field of evolutionary psychology and suggests a mid-course correction. Topics are approached from a variety of backgrounds, drawing on relevant literature and Mandler's own research. He begins with what we know about evolution and gene expression, then moves on to the complex phenomena of consciuosness and emotion. The constraints of both nature and nurture are discussed as limiting forces on human development, and natural selection is considered in the context of our social fabric, which draws on both psychological and anthropological knowledge. Mandler considers human difference, particularly in regard to intelligence and gender, and discusses the nature of human values, including our need for morality and freedom. The book concludes with an appraisal of human cognition and language.