Human Behavior and Traffic Safety Book PDF

Human Behavior and Traffic Safety

  • Author : Leonard Evans
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN : 9781461321736

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Human Behavior and Traffic Safety Book Description :

This volume contains the papers and discussions from a Symposium on :'Hu man Behavior and Traffic Safety" held at the General Motors Research Labora tories on September 23-25, 1984. This Symposium was the twenty-ninth in an annual series sponsored by the Research Laboratories. Initiated in 1957, these symposia have as their objective the promotion of the interchange of knowledge among specialists from many allied disciplines in rapidly developing or chang ing areas of science or technology. Attendees characteristically represent the aca demic, government, and industrial institutions that are noted for their ongoing activities in the particular area of interest. of this Symposium was to focus on the role of human behavior The objective in traffic safety. In this regard, a clear distinction is drawn between, on the one hand, "human behavior," and on the other "human performance." Human per formance at the driving task, or what the driver can do, has been the subject of much research reported in the technical literature. Although clearly of some rel evance, questions of performance do not appear to be central to most traffic crashes. Of much more central importance is human behavior, or what the driver in fact does. This is much more difficult to determine, and is the subject of the Symposium.

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior Book PDF

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior

  • Author : David Shinar
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-06-22
  • Genre : Transportation
  • Pages : 1264
  • ISBN : 9781787146334

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Traffic Safety and Human Behavior Book Description :

This comprehensive 2nd edition covers the key issues that relate human behavior to traffic safety. In particular it covers the increasing roles that pedestrians and cyclists have in the traffic system; the role of infotainment in driver distraction; and the increasing role of driver assistance systems in changing the driver-vehicle interaction.

Traffic Safety and the Driver Book PDF

Traffic Safety and the Driver

  • Author : Leonard Evans
  • Publisher : Science Serving Society
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Genre : Automobile drivers
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN : 0442001630

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Traffic Safety and the Driver Book Description :

Examines deaths, injuries, and property damage from traffic crashes. Evans (research scientist, General Motors Research Labs, Warren, Michigan) applies the methods of science to illuminate the characteristics of these problems--their origin and nature as well as their severity. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Transportation  Traffic Safety and Health     Human Behavior Book PDF

Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Human Behavior

  • Author : Hans von Holst
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 9783642572661

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Transportation Traffic Safety and Health Human Behavior Book Description :

The focus of this book is to present the latest aspects in the area of human behavior and its relation to planning of an optimal traffic safety. The contributions from authors in various disciplines such as scientists, medical practitioners, administrators and practitioners from the car industry examine how road-user behavior can cause accidents and how decision-makers from various sectors of society may influence road users' behavior. The development of modern vehicles and new traffic systems requires more sophisticated behavior and technology. New medical technologies such as improved neuropsychologic methods and descriptive mapping of behavior with imaging techniques facilitate the understanding of the anatomy and physiology of human behavior. The increased knowledge of normal and pathologic behavior contributes to strenghten primary prevention with the goal of reducing traffic accidents.

Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety Book PDF

Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety

  • Author : Christina Rudin-Brown
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-24
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 467
  • ISBN : 9781439856680

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Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety Book Description :

Despite being an accepted construct in traffic and transport psychology, the precise nature of behavioural adaptation, including its causes and consequences, has not yet been established within the road safety community. A comprehensive collection of recent literature, Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety: Theory, Evidence, and Action explores behavioural adaptation in road users. It examines behavioural adaptation within the context of historical and theoretical perspectives, and puts forth tangible—and practical—solutions that can effectively address adverse behavioural adaptation to road safety interventions before it occurs. Edited by Christina Rudin-Brown and Samantha Jamson, with chapters authored by leading road safety experts in driver psychology and behaviour, the book introduces the concept of behavioural adaptation and details its more relevant issues. It reviews the definition of behavioural adaptation that was put forward by the OECD in 1990 and then puts this definition through its paces, identifying where it may be lacking and how it might be improved. This sets the context for the remaining chapters which take the OECD definition as their starting points. The book discusses the various theories and models of behavioural adaptation and more general theories of driver behaviour developed during the last half century. It provides examples of the "evidence" for behavioural adaptation—instances in which behavioural adaptation arose as a consequence of the introduction of safety countermeasures. The book then focuses on the internal, "human" element and considers countermeasures that might be used to limit the development of behavioural adaptation in various road user groups. The book concludes with practical tools and methodologies to address behavioural adaptation in research and design, and to limit the potential negative effects before they happen. Supplying easy-to-understand, accessible solutions that can be implemented early on in a road saf

Intervening to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving Book PDF

Intervening to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving

  • Author : Timothy D. Ludwig
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 127
  • ISBN : 0789010127

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Intervening to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving Book Description :

Examine the behind-the-wheel behavior of delivery people and discover proven interventions to improve driver safety! This thorough treatise provides empirical evidence, case studies, and effective models designed to help you develop reliable programs for promoting safety among high-risk drivers. Intervening to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving: A Behavior-Change Model and Review of Empirical Evidence is plentifully illustrated with charts and tables for easy comprehension. Researchers and practitioners in the field of organizational behavior will find valuable data about the driving behaviors of fast-food deliverers and receive tested intervention methods for improved driver safety. Intervening to Improve the Safety of Occupational Driving discusses the specific roles of various factors in safety programs, including: community agents of change static versus dynamic goal setting using competition to encourage change cost per individual community feedback effects of multiple interventions

Injury Prevention and Control Book PDF

Injury Prevention and Control

  • Author : Dinesh Mohan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2003-09-02
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780203305331

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Injury Prevention and Control Book Description :

At least 5 million people die each year from injuries, and about half the deaths in the 10-24 age group are accountable to them. This is a major health problem for which a number of strategies for prevention and control can be developed. This book presents a series of the plenary and state-of-the-art presentations from the 5th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Control. There is a focus on transportation, workplace, sport and leisure, and domestic sectors, and an exploration of the legal, medical, environmental, safety and governmental issues which play a part in the subject. Practitioners and researchers in a variety of activities, including epidemiology and public health, occupational health and safety, ergonomics and product design, medicine, criminology, engineering and physical sciences, and the behavioural sciences, should find this a useful and challenging work.

Modelling Driver Behaviour in Automotive Environments Book PDF

Modelling Driver Behaviour in Automotive Environments

  • Author : Carlo Cacciabue
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-04-28
  • Genre : Computers
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 9781846286186

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Modelling Driver Behaviour in Automotive Environments Book Description :

This book presents a general overview of the various factors that contribute to modelling human behaviour in automotive environments. This long-awaited volume, written by world experts in the field, presents state-of-the-art research and case studies. It will be invaluable reading for professional practitioners graduate students, researchers and alike.

The Handbook of Road Safety Measures Book PDF

The Handbook of Road Safety Measures

  • Author : Rune Elvik
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009-10-14
  • Genre : Transportation
  • Pages : 1140
  • ISBN : 9781848552500

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The Handbook of Road Safety Measures Book Description :

Contains summaries of the knowledge regarding the effects of 128 road safety measures. This title covers various areas of road safety including: traffic control; vehicle inspection; driver training; publicity campaigns; police enforcement; and, general policy instruments. It also covers topics such as post-accident care, and speed cameras.

Traffic Psychology Today Book PDF

Traffic Psychology Today

  • Author : Pierre-Emmanuel Barjonet
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-14
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 9781475768671

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Traffic Psychology Today Book Description :

After several decades of research, practice, intervention, and instruction, traffic psychology is in need of a summary work outlining the main trends in the discipline. Traffic Psychology Today provides a theoretical basis of the topic, a summary of the acquired research in the field, practical applications for government planners, and a critical discussion of future trends. Through a series of chapters contributed by an international group of researchers under the general editorship of Pierre Barjonet, Traffic Psychology Today comprehensively synthesizes thinking in the psychology of traffic from its inception in the mid 1950s through the present day.

Report Book PDF

Report

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1985
  • Genre : Automobiles
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : UOM:39015022353505

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Report Book Description :

Handbook of Traffic Psychology Book PDF

Handbook of Traffic Psychology

  • Author : Bryan E. Porter
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011-06-22
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 0123819857

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Handbook of Traffic Psychology Book Description :

The Handbook of Traffic Psychology covers all key areas of research in this field including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce risk on roadways. Comprehensive in scope, the methodology section includes case-control studies, self-report instruments and methods, field methods and naturalistic observational techniques, instrumented vehicles and in-car recording techniques, modeling and simulation methods, in vivo methods, clinical assessment, and crash datasets and analyses. Experienced researchers will better understand what methods are most useful for what kinds of studies and students can better understand the myriad of techniques used in this discipline. Focuses specifically on traffic, as opposed to transport Covers all key areas of research in traffic psychology including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce the risk of variables and behavior Contents include how to conduct traffic research and how to analyze data Contributors come from more than 10 countries, including US, UK, Japan, Netherlands, Ireland, Switzerland, Mexico, Australia, Canada, Turkey, France, Finland, Norway, Israel, and South Africa

Transportation in an Aging Society Book PDF

Transportation in an Aging Society

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Transportation Research Board
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN : 9780309077453

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Transportation in an Aging Society Book Description :

Traffic and Transport Psychology Book PDF

Traffic and Transport Psychology

  • Author : Talib Rothengatter
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2004-09-08
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN : 9780080474632

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Traffic and Transport Psychology Book Description :

This volume gives an overview of the trends in Traffic and Transport Psychology. It reflects the considerable development of the most important factors for driving a road vehicle, and the variety of international research approaches. The first part contains basic approaches and integrated models as well as general theories and their implementation into Traffic and Transport Psychology. The second part deals with the driver, especially cognition, performance, social and differential effects and impairment. Important aspects are treated, such as speed perception, reaction times, interaction, risk acceptance, aggression and gender differences. Special chapters refer to performance and fatigue. The third part focuses on safety, driver support, selection and influencing drivers by enforcement, training and programs for the rehabilitation of traffic offenders. Classic ergonomic methods are discussed as well as modern telematic devices, or trends regarding driver-assessment. In the last part, current developments are presented in relation to better mobility and the protection of the environment. Questions are asked, such as whether we could reduce the use of cars, how travel behaviour can be modified or to what extent the use of alternatives to motor vehicles benefits safety as well as the environment. This work is not only important for psychologists. It should be read by all transport professionals interested in the application of psychology to traffic.

Consumer Safety Regulation Book PDF

Consumer Safety Regulation

  • Author : Peter Asch
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 1988-05-26
  • Genre : Business & Economics
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 0195364201

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Consumer Safety Regulation Book Description :

Advocates of consumer safety regulation, an active and controversial area of public policy in the United States, contend that markets do not adequately protect the interests of vulnerable consumers; market traditionalists respond that public agencies increasingly make risk/safety decisions that individual citizens ought to be making for themselves. This book, written by an economist, critically assesses the rationales for, and the effects of, our major consumer safety programs. Addressed to a general audience, and incorporating relevant literature on cognitive psychology as well as economics, the author argues that although legitimate reasons for public protection of consumers exist in some markets, the particular programs we adopt often produce results that fall far short of what their advocates desire, and at least occasionally yield perverse outcomes.

National Highway Fatality and Injury Reduction Act of 1989 Book PDF

National Highway Fatality and Injury Reduction Act of 1989

  • Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Water Resources, Transportation, and Infrastructure
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre : Automobiles
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : UCAL:B5131596

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National Highway Fatality and Injury Reduction Act of 1989 Book Description :

Human Modelling in Assisted Transportation Book PDF

Human Modelling in Assisted Transportation

  • Author : Carlo Cacciabue
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-03-02
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 8847018218

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Human Modelling in Assisted Transportation Book Description :

The objective of this Workshop is to confront models, methods and tools developed within the projects with the ongoing research worldwide and to provide an environment for fruitful exchange of ideas. The main topics are: 1. Advanced human models in transportation. 2. Human Errors and Risk Assessment in design processes of assistance systems. 3. Methods and tools to prevent erroneous behaviour to mitigate its consequences. The Workshop will consist of 10 keynote lectures as well as approximately 28 peer reviewed papers.