Community Interventions and AIDS Book PDF

Community Interventions and AIDS

  • Author : Edison J. Trickett
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-09-01
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0198036337

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Community Interventions and AIDS Book Description :

As news headlines report staggering numbers of people infected with HIV or AIDS across the globe and as stereotypes of typical AIDS patients become less and less specific to particular sexual orientations and ethnic backgrounds, the AIDS pandemic shows little sign of relenting. AIDS crosses geopolitical and social barriers, and social and behavioral scientists are confronted with the new challenge of developing scientific inquiry and corresponding interventions around participatory, community-based, and community-focused methods. These interventions are increasingly targeting the contextual influences on individual behavior, such as peer groups, social networks and support systems, and community norms. Community-level interventions also draw on local resources and are respectful of sociocultural circumstances and traditions. This book articulates how the social and behavioral sciences can respond to HIV/AIDS. It is written for all who have a stake in AIDS research, stimulating discussion and debate about the natures of community research and intervention broadly across such disciplines as public health, community health education, urban planning, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy of science. The book proposes alternative perspectives on means of ascertaining knowledge about the HIV/AIDS pandemic and the inclusion of community collaboration in interventions.

Community Interventions and AIDS Book PDF

Community Interventions and AIDS

  • Author : Edison J. Trickett
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-09-01
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780190289560

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Community Interventions and AIDS Book Description :

As news headlines report staggering numbers of people infected with HIV or AIDS across the globe and as stereotypes of typical AIDS patients become less and less specific to particular sexual orientations and ethnic backgrounds, the AIDS pandemic shows little sign of relenting. AIDS crosses geopolitical and social barriers, and social and behavioral scientists are confronted with the new challenge of developing scientific inquiry and corresponding interventions around participatory, community-based, and community-focused methods. These interventions are increasingly targeting the contextual influences on individual behavior, such as peer groups, social networks and support systems, and community norms. Community-level interventions also draw on local resources and are respectful of sociocultural circumstances and traditions. This book articulates how the social and behavioral sciences can respond to HIV/AIDS. It is written for all who have a stake in AIDS research, stimulating discussion and debate about the natures of community research and intervention broadly across such disciplines as public health, community health education, urban planning, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy of science. The book proposes alternative perspectives on means of ascertaining knowledge about the HIV/AIDS pandemic and the inclusion of community collaboration in interventions.

Family and Community Interventions for Children Affected by AIDS Book PDF

Family and Community Interventions for Children Affected by AIDS

  • Author : Linda M. Richter
  • Publisher : HSRC Press
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 0796920672

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Family and Community Interventions for Children Affected by AIDS Book Description :

This report forms part of a project funded by the W. K. Kellogg Foundation to implement a strategy for the care of orphans and vulnerable children in Botswana, South Africa, and Zimbabwe with a review of the available scientific information on interventions aimed at children, families, households, and communities.

Structural Interventions for HIV AIDS Prevention Book PDF

Structural Interventions for HIV AIDS Prevention

  • Author : Richard A. Crosby
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2018-11-23
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 9780190675486

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Structural Interventions for HIV AIDS Prevention Book Description :

A COMPREHENSIVE NEW REFERENCE WORK ON STRUCTURAL APPROACHES TO PREVENTING HIV Structural interventions -- changes to environment aimed at influencing health behaviors -- are the most universal and cost-effective tool in preventing new incidences of HIV. They are not easy to get right, however. Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention offers an authoritative reference for both understanding these programs and instituting them to greatest effect. Whether through changes to policy, environment, social/community norms, or a combination of each, this volume offers actionable and attainable blueprints to creating and evaluating programs in any setting or country. It is an essential resource for researchers and practitioners in the continuing fights against HIV.

Empowerment and Participatory Evaluation of Community Interventions Book PDF

Empowerment and Participatory Evaluation of Community Interventions

  • Author : Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2014-01-02
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 118
  • ISBN : 9781317787334

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Empowerment and Participatory Evaluation of Community Interventions Book Description :

Program evaluations are more relevant when conducted by the people directly involved in the programs and members of the communities they serve. Learn how empowerment and participatory evaluation can help community programs deliver more effective services! With this book, you’ll examine theoretical models, empirical investigations, and case studies that highlight important aspects of empowerment and participatory evaluation in community programs. The first half of the book presents frameworks and tools for empowerment and participatory evaluation, with an emphasis on transferring skills and building capacity. The remaining chapters examine specific efforts to implement empowerment and participatory evaluation with a range of stakeholders, highlighting the ways in which community members collaborated with evaluators and were actively engaged in the evaluation process. Covering various types of evaluations across a range of urgent social issues, this book offers practical steps for implementing evaluations and presents theoretical models as well as applied examples. The issues that Empowerment and Participatory Evaluation of Community Interventions addresses include: challenges faced by community-based organizations in conducting evaluations of their initiatives—and solutions to those challenges, including the creation and implementation of an appropriate outcomes model ways to build capacity for participatory evaluation within community initiatives ways to promote the success and accountability of community programs how collaborative process evaluation can improve HIV prevention services evaluation techniques that illustrate the benefits of a collaborative approach—with a case study of the Conflict Resolution in Schools Programs a pilot study in which empowerment evaluation principles are used to evaluate the American Red Cross of Greater Chicago’s Youth Leadership Training Series (a program designed to train youth volunteers) Presenting important information

Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention Book PDF

Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention

  • Author : Rachel E Golden
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-05-25
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9781461470137

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Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention Book Description :

​​​​ ​ Providing detailed information on structural HIV prevention interventions, this book is intended for health care practitioners and researchers to plan, implement, and evaluate such interventions in their own communities. As defined by the CDC, structural interventions focus on the physical, social, cultural, political, economic, legal, and/or policy aspects of the environment. Designed to reach a large number of individuals, structural interventions usually occur across entire communities, cities, or countries. As a result, the resources required to initiate structural interventions can far exceed those required for smaller-scale behavioral programs. However, changes from structural interventions have the potential to last over time, even after the programs have ended, resulting in effective use of public and private prevention resources.​ Because the reach of structural interventions is typically larger than that of individual- or group-focused interventions (for example, the 100% Condom Use Program, which was implemented countrywide in Thailand), their influence may be equally—if not more—significant.This book is a resource for health practitioners, educators, and researchers who seek HIV/AIDS structural prevention programs that have been shown to be effective in their regions or for their target populations (e.g. injection drug users, commercial sex workers, or the general public). With extensive case studies, the book classifies interventions according to the desired outcomes (specific behavior or policy changes) so that the reader may focus on examples of programs with similar goals and target populations to their own. Addresses the quintessential public health ethical dilemma regarding which types of environmental changes should be mandatory via legislation and which should be voluntary, promoted via programmatic, practice, and policy change. ​

Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology Book PDF

Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology

  • Author : H. Russell Bernard
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release Date : 2014-07-08
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 822
  • ISBN : 9780759120723

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Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology Book Description :

The Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology, now in its second edition, maintains a strong benchmark for understanding the scope of contemporary anthropological field methods. Avoiding divisive debates over science and humanism, the contributors draw upon both traditions to explore fieldwork in practice. The second edition also reflects major developments of the past decade, including: the rising prominence of mixed methods, the emergence of new technologies, and evolving views on ethnographic writing. Spanning the chain of research, from designing a project through methods of data collection and interpretive analysis, the Handbook features new chapters on ethnography of online communities, social survey research, and network and geospatial analysis. Considered discussion of ethics, epistemology, and the presentation of research results to diverse audiences round out the volume. The result is an essential guide for all scholars, professionals, and advanced students who employ fieldwork.

Scaling Up a Community Driven HIV AIDS Program in Malawi Book PDF

Scaling Up a Community Driven HIV AIDS Program in Malawi

  • Author : Suneetha Kadiyala
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre : Uncategorized
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : OCLC:931682180

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Scaling Up a Community Driven HIV AIDS Program in Malawi Book Description :

This note is part of a series that examines factors that facilitate the scaling up of Community Driven Development (CDD) programs. The note describes the factors that enabled and constrained the scaling up of a community based HIV/AIDS intervention in Malawi - Scaling-up HIV/AIDS Interventions through Expanded Partnerships (STEPs). The STEPs initiative assists local HIV/AIDS committees with community mobilization and capacity building so that communities become empowered to act collectively to address their own problems.

HIV AIDS  Global Frontiers in Prevention Intervention Book PDF

HIV AIDS Global Frontiers in Prevention Intervention

  • Author : Cynthia Pope
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2014-06-11
  • Genre : Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 9781136780295

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HIV AIDS Global Frontiers in Prevention Intervention Book Description :

HIV/AIDS: Global Frontiers in Prevention/Intervention provides a comprehensive overview of the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. The unique anthology addresses cutting-edge issues in HIV/AIDS research, policymaking, and advocacy. Key features include: · Nine original essays from leading scholars in public health, epidemiology, and social and behavioral sciences · Comprehensive information for individuals with varying degrees of knowledge, particularly regarding methodological and theoretical perspectives · A look into the future progression of HIV transmission and scholarly research HIV/AIDS: Global Frontiers in Prevention/Intervention is will serve as a precious resource as a textbook and reference for the university classroom, libraries, and researchers

Evaluating HIV Prevention Interventions Book PDF

Evaluating HIV Prevention Interventions

  • Author : Joanne E. Mantell
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 9781489918406

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Evaluating HIV Prevention Interventions Book Description :

This user-friendly, comprehensive guide places evaluation in the context of HIV to give all health care professionals the necessary tools for developing and implementing successful HIV interventions. Every aspect of evaluation is discussed, including: the social and political context of evaluation coding and inter-rater reliability procedures barriers to evaluation and solution the dissemination of results the application of theory to HIV interventions. Case studies and examples from both the US and abroad to illustrate practical issues, and numerous tables and figures complement the text.

Behavioral Interventions for Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Book PDF

Behavioral Interventions for Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Author : Sevgi O. Aral
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-12-03
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN : 9780387857688

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Behavioral Interventions for Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Book Description :

Before AIDS, the role of behavioral interventions in preventing transmission of sexually transmitted diseases was acknowledged in text books and journals but rarely promoted effectively in public health practice. This book addresses the complexities and social contexts of human behaviors which spread STDs, the cultural barriers to STD education, and the sociopolitical nuances surrounding treatment.

AIDS Activism  Science and Community Across Three Continents Book PDF

AIDS Activism Science and Community Across Three Continents

  • Author : Robert Lorway
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-09-01
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 153
  • ISBN : 9783319421995

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AIDS Activism Science and Community Across Three Continents Book Description :

This book critically examines the many complex entanglements between AIDS activism and HIV science. It takes readers on a medical anthropological expedition across time and space that highlights the stakes from the perspective of those most affected by the epidemic. Author Robert Lorway reveals how early in the HIV epidemic, amid inadequate government leadership, communities of people living with and directly affected by HIV and AIDS rose to become a vital force at the forefront of prevention responses. Yet now, more than three decades later, HIV prevention and treatment is increasingly being placed under the jurisdiction of clinical, epidemiological, and management scientific expertise. In this kind of context, where does activism figure into the possibility of more democratized collaborations between affected communities, scientists, and policy makers? Coverage draws upon the findings from an array of community research projects conducted in Canada, India, and Kenya over a 22-year period. It weaves together rich, original data sources that range from in-depth qualitative interviews, field notes, and primary and secondary archival document retrievals in these three regions. Offering a rich diversity in perspectives, this book tackles the broader themes related to global health policy, science, and transnational activism at the same time as it highlights the experiences and local arenas where debates about activism and science play out. In the end, Lorway questions the growing expectation for affected communities themselves to produce sound evidence to legitimize their advocacy projects. He calls for the planners and implementers of biomedically oriented HIV research and interventions to more meaningfully engage with communities in ways that de-monopolize decision making as a matter of ethics and improved scientific practice.

The Health of Sexual Minorities Book PDF

The Health of Sexual Minorities

  • Author : Ilan H. Meyer
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-03-12
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 731
  • ISBN : 9780387313344

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The Health of Sexual Minorities Book Description :

This is the first concise handbook on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) health in the past few years. It breaks the myths, breaks the silence, and breaks new ground on this subject. This resource offers a multidimensional picture of LGBT health across clinical and social disciplines to give readers a full and nuanced understanding of these diverse populations. It contains real-world matters of definition and self-definition, meticulous analyses of stressor and health outcomes, a extensive coverage of research methodology concerns, and critical insights into the sociopolitical context of LGBT individuals’ health and lives.

Preventing AIDS Book PDF

Preventing AIDS

  • Author : Ralph J. DiClemente
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9781489911933

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Preventing AIDS Book Description :

Public health has a legacy of neglect regarding social and behavioral research. Too often, prompted by technical and scientific progress, we have ignored even marginalized-the vital "human element" in health thinking and prac tice. Thus, for example, while family planning programs focused on providing a choice among safe and effective contraceptive methods (a supremely worthy goal), the central issue of sexuality and sexual behavior was generally neglected. Similarly, the enormous and important efforts to develop rapid and reliable diagnostic and treatment methods for sexually transmitted diseases helped divert attention away from the crucial issues of sexual practice. In short, we seem to have difficulty addressing the fundamental behaviors-including sex, drug taking and other intoxications, and violence-that are central to the major causes of preventable morbidity, disability, and premature mortality in the world today. Our collective reluctance to examine and understand ourselves is also expressed in the oft-repeated pipedream that scientific progress will "take care of" the HIV / AIDS pandemic by delivering a preventive vaccine, an effective cure, or both. Yet even a cursory glance at the relationship between scientific/ technical progress and health shows that meeting the scientific challenges is only one step toward effective application of the vaccine or drug. It is typical, not atypical, that hepatitis B vaccine is only now becoming relatively freely available to large populations in the developing world, more than a decade after the vaccine's licensure.

Preventing Aids Book PDF

Preventing Aids

  • Author : Seth C. Kalichman
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2014-02-25
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9781317778646

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Preventing Aids Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of behavioral interventions to prevent HIV-AIDS risk-related behaviors. It synthesizes the empirical literature on individual, group, and community-level interventions and provides an objective and detailed assessment of intervention outcomes. Factors associated with behavioral risk for HIV transmission, theories of HIV risk behavior change, and the state of HIV prevention technology transfer are also reviewed. Additionally, behavioral interventions for adolescents and adults of diverse ethnic and sexual backgrounds are discussed with respect to each intervention type. Although the focus is on sexual risk reduction, interventions for sexual behavior of substance abusing populations are also covered.

Issues in AIDS  HIV  and STD Research and Treatment  2011 Edition Book PDF

Issues in AIDS HIV and STD Research and Treatment 2011 Edition

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release Date : 2012-01-09
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 9781464967221

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Issues in AIDS HIV and STD Research and Treatment 2011 Edition Book Description :

Issues in AIDS, HIV, and STD Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about AIDS, HIV, and STD Research and Treatment. The editors have built Issues in AIDS, HIV, and STD Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about AIDS, HIV, and STD Research and Treatment in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in AIDS, HIV, and STD Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Innovations in HIV Prevention Research and Practice through Community Engagement Book PDF

Innovations in HIV Prevention Research and Practice through Community Engagement

  • Author : Scott D. Rhodes
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-07-14
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9781493909001

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Innovations in HIV Prevention Research and Practice through Community Engagement Book Description :

HIV continues to be a profound challenge facing communities nationally and internationally. Until a vaccine or a cure is found, prevention remains a most crucial line of defense. However, the successes made to reduce exposure and transmission have not benefited all communities equally. HIV continues to affect vulnerable communities, and HIV-related health disparities are growing. The work documented in Innovations in HIV Prevention Research and Practice through Community Engagement spotlights the effectiveness of community involvement to reduce HIV infections in the United States. This timely resource introduces the concepts of community engagement, partnership, and community-based participatory research (CBPR). Contributors provide detailed examples of these concepts in which diverse research partners blend their unique insights and skills to arrive at an authentic understanding of phenomena and inform the translation of best practices and processes to enhance equity in HIV prevention and treatment. Equitable interactive collaboration is central to these efforts, in which community members and representatives from organizations, the scientific and medical sectors, and other relevant agencies nurture long-term health improvement through sustained teamwork. Challenges and barriers to effective engagement are identified, as are characteristics of successful partnerships. Included in the book: Details of a multigenerational HIV prevention intervention in a rural southeastern community. The challenges and successes of developing, implementing, and evaluating an intervention for higher-risk predominately heterosexual black men in college. The history of gay community involvement in HIV prevention and its contributions to the theory and current practice of engagement. Next steps in the integration of HIV-related policy change and research. Community engagement within American Indian communities. Keys to sustaining a CBPR partnership to prevent HIV within ethnic, sexual, a

AIDS and Community Based Drug Intervention Programs Book PDF

AIDS and Community Based Drug Intervention Programs

  • Author : Dennis Fisher
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2014-05-01
  • Genre : Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN : 9781317952763

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AIDS and Community Based Drug Intervention Programs Book Description :

Delve into the uncharted territory of the “hidden” drug addict--users who are not in treatment, not incarcerated, and not officially accessible for research purposes through traditional means. AIDS and Community-Based Drug Intervention Programs describes short-term interventions used to reduce the odds that these drug users will get infected by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The book explains new methods that are being developed, such as targeted sampling, social network analysis, geomapping, and other amalgams of both quantitative and qualitative approaches, that need to be forged to overcome the challenges of the war against AIDS. The research described in this important book was conducted under the Cooperative Agreement for AIDS Community-Based Outreach/Intervention Research funding mechanism of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Chapters include research on several ethnic groups, including Alaska natives, Puerto Ricans, and Navaho teens. AIDS and Community-Based Drug Treatment Programs, written by experts in the field, is a broad-based treatment of the subject by those who are actually doing the work in the trenches. Authors cover topics such as: the use of goal-oriented counseling and peer support to reduce HIV/AIDS risk quantitative and qualitative methods to assess behavioral change among injection drug users (IDUs) the importance of sampling from hidden populations in research a public health model for reducing AIDS-related risk behavior among IDUs and their sexual partners characteristics of female sexual partners of IDUs strategies used to implement random sampling strategies in the recruitment of out-of-treatment crack and IDUs ethnographic analysis of intravenous drug use analysis of contact tracing strategies employed to combat the AIDS epidemic the use of pile sorts to enhance other tools used by drug prevention programs AIDS and Community-Based Drug Intervention Programs is full of current research and useful information for pro