A Critique of Moral Knowledge Book PDF

A Critique of Moral Knowledge

  • Author : Yves René Marie Simon
  • Publisher : University of Nebraska Press
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN : 0823221040

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A Critique of Moral Knowledge Book Description :

"This translation will be of value to all who are interested in tracking the work of this influential thinker, and will be an important contribution to the twentieth-century conversation on philosophy, politics, religion, and ethics."--BOOK JACKET.

A Critique of Moral Knowledge Book PDF

A Critique of Moral Knowledge

  • Author : Yves René Marie Simon
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN : UOM:39015056185674

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A Critique of Moral Knowledge Book Description :

"This translation will be of value to all who are interested in tracking the work of this influential thinker, and will be an important contribution to the twentieth-century conversation on philosophy, politics, religion, and ethics."--BOOK JACKET.

Moral Knowledge Book PDF

Moral Knowledge

  • Author : Oliver A. Johnson
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 9789401193177

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Moral Knowledge Book Description :

As its title indicates, this book is concerned with two different fields of philosophy, ethics and epistemology. The bulk of the argument is devoted to epistemological questions, as these arise within the context of morality. Hence, the conclusions I reach could probably best be described as prolegomena to the elaboration of a theory of ethics. I have plans, which I hope will be realized in the next few years, of elaborating such a theory. I started work on Moral Knowledge in the summer of 1958 with the help of a University Faculty Fellowship, for which I am most grateful. of the research for the book, as well as a good bit of its writing, Much was done in two libraries, The University Library, Berkeley, and the Bodleian Library, Oxford. Members of the staffs of both libraries, by their courtesy and helpfulness, lightened immeasurably the task of my research. lowe a special debt of gratitude to four people-to Mr.

Kant s Theory of Knowledge Book PDF

Kant s Theory of Knowledge

  • Author : Graham Bird
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-05-05
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 9781317228912

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Kant s Theory of Knowledge Book Description :

First published in 1962. Kant’s philosophical works, and especially the Critique of Pure Reason, have had some influence on recent British philosophy. But the complexities of Kant’s arguments, and the unfamiliarity of his vocabulary, inhibit understanding of his point of view. In Kant’s Theory of Knowledge an attempt is made to relate Kant’s arguments in the Critique of Pure Reason to contemporary issues by expressing them in a more modern idiom. The selection of issues discussed is intended to present a continuous argument, of an epistemological kind, which runs centrally through the Critique. The argument deals with essentially with the problems, raised in the Transcendental Analytic, about the status of categories. It deals with certain preliminary assumptions made in setting these problems, and discusses the way in which the various sections of the Analytic contribute to their solution. It also deals with Kant’s criticisms of traditional metaphysics, and ends with an account of his effort in the Third Antinomy to resolve the conflict between freedom and causality, and so to effect a transition of knowledge to moral philosophy.

Virtue Ethics and Moral Knowledge Book PDF

Virtue Ethics and Moral Knowledge

  • Author : R. Scott Smith
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-10-24
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9781351875684

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Virtue Ethics and Moral Knowledge Book Description :

We live in a time of moral confusion: many believe there are no overarching moral norms, and we have lost an accepted body of moral knowledge. Alasdair MacIntyre addresses this problem in his much-heralded restatement of Aristotelian and Thomistic virtue ethics; Stanley Hauerwas does so through his highly influential work in Christian ethics. Both recast virtue ethics in light of their interpretations of the later Wittgenstein's views of language. This book systematically assesses the underlying presuppositions of MacIntyre and Hauerwas, finding that their attempts to secure moral knowledge and restate virtue ethics, both philosophical and theological, fail. Scott Smith proposes alternative indications as to how we can secure moral knowledge, and how we should proceed in virtue ethics.

The Ethics of Care Book PDF

The Ethics of Care

  • Author : Alan Blum
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-08-10
  • Genre : Uncategorized
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1472475593

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The Ethics of Care Book Description :

Beginning with a focus on the ethical foundations of caregiving in health and expanding towards problems of ethics and justice implicated in a range of issues, this book develops and expands the notion of care itself and its connection to practice. Organised around the themes of culture as a restraint on caregiving in different social contexts and situations, innovative methods in healthcare, and the way in which culture works to position care as part of a rhetorical approach to dependency, responsibility, and justice, The Ethics of Carepresents case studies examining institutional responses to end-of-life issues, the notion of informed consent, biomedicine, indigenous rights and postcolonialism in care and theoretical approaches to the concept of care. Offering discussions from a variety of disciplinary approaches, including sociology, communication, and social theory, as well as hermeneutics, phenomenology, and deconstruction, this book will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in healthcare, medicine, justice and the question of how we think about care as a notion and social form, and how this is related to practice.

International Disability Rights Advocacy Book PDF

International Disability Rights Advocacy

  • Author : Daniel Pateisky
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-03-23
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 9781000367102

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International Disability Rights Advocacy Book Description :

This book provides insight into the globally interlinked disability rights community and its political efforts today. By analysing what disability rights activism contributes to a global power apparatus of disability-related knowledge, it demonstrates how disability advocacy influences the way we categorise, classify, distribute, manipulate, and therefore transform knowledge. By unpacking the mutually constitutive relations between (practical) moral knowledge of international disability advocates and (formal) disability rights norms that are codified in international treaties such as the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), the author shows that the disability rights movement is largely critical of statements that attempt to streamline it. At the same time, cross-cultural disability rights advocacy requires images of uniformity to stabilise its global legitimacy among international stakeholders and retain a common meta-code that visibly identifies its means and aims. As an epistemic community, disability rights advocates simultaneously rely on and contest the authority of international human rights infrastructure and its language. Proving that disability rights advocates contribute immensely to a global culture that standardises what is considered morally and legally ‘right’ and ‘wrong’, thereby shaping the human body and the body politic, this book will be of interest to all scholars and students of critical disability studies, sociology of knowledge, legal and linguistic anthropology, social inequality, and social movements.

Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character Book PDF

Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character

  • Author : Robert Audi Professor of Philosophy University of Nebraska
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 1997-08-28
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0198027419

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Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character Book Description :

This book offers a unified collection of published and unpublished papers by Robert Audi, a renowned defender of the rationalist position in ethics. Taken together, the essays present a vigorous, broadly-based argument in moral epistemology and a related account of reasons for action and their bearing on moral justification and moral character. Part I details Audi's compelling moral epistemology while Part II offers a unique vision of ethical concepts and an account of moral explanation, as well as a powerful model of moral realism. Part III extends this account of moral explanation to moral responsibility for both actions and character and to the relation between virtue and the actions that express it. Part IV elaborates a theory of reasons for action that locates them in relation to three of their traditionally major sources: desire, moral judgment, and value. Clear and illuminating, Audi's introduction outlines and interconnects the self-contained but cumulatively arranged essays. It also places them in relation to classical and contemporary literature, and directs readers to large segments of thematically connected material spread throughout the book. Audi ends with a powerfully synthetic final essay.

Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character Book PDF

Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character

  • Author : Robert Audi
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 1997-09-25
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0195344359

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Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character Book Description :

This book presents an ethical theory that uniquely integrates naturalistic and rationalistic elements. Robert Audi develops his theory in four areas: moral epistemology, the metaphysics of ethics, moral psychology, and the foundations of ethics. Comprising both new and published work, the book sets forth a moderate intuitionism, clarifies the relation between reason and motivation, constructs a theory of intrinsic value and its place in moral obligation, and presents a sophisticated account of moral justification. The concluding chapter articulates a new normative framework built from both Kantian and intuitionist elements. Connecting ethics in novel ways to both the theory of value and the philosophy of action, the essays explore topics such as ethical intuition, reason and judgement, and virtue. Audi also considers major views in the history of ethics, including those of Aristotle, Hume, Kant, Mill, Moore, and W. D. Ross, and engages contemporary work on autonomy, responsibility, objectivity, reasons, and other issues. Clear and conceptually rich, this book makes vital reading for students and scholars of ethics.

The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge Book PDF

The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge

  • Author : Dallas Willard
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-06-12
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 9780429958878

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The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge Book Description :

Based on an unfinished manuscript by the late philosopher Dallas Willard, this book makes the case that the 20th century saw a massive shift in Western beliefs and attitudes concerning the possibility of moral knowledge, such that knowledge of the moral life and of its conduct is no longer routinely available from the social institutions long thought to be responsible for it. In this sense, moral knowledge—as a publicly available resource for living—has disappeared. Via a detailed survey of main developments in ethical theory from the late 19th through the late 20th centuries, Willard explains philosophy’s role in this shift. In pointing out the shortcomings of these developments, he shows that the shift was not the result of rational argument or discovery, but largely of arational social forces—in other words, there was no good reason for moral knowledge to have disappeared. The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge is a unique contribution to the literature on the history of ethics and social morality. Its review of historical work on moral knowledge covers a wide range of thinkers including T.H Green, G.E Moore, Charles L. Stevenson, John Rawls, and Alasdair MacIntyre. But, most importantly, it concludes with a novel proposal for how we might reclaim moral knowledge that is inspired by the phenomenological approach of Knud Logstrup and Emmanuel Levinas. Edited and eventually completed by three of Willard’s former graduate students, this book marks the culmination of Willard’s project to find a secure basis in knowledge for the moral life.

Being Moral Book PDF

Being Moral

  • Author : Julia Hermann
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre : Belief and doubt
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : OCLC:752007450

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Being Moral Book Description :

In this thesis, I argue that we should conceive of morality as a set of overlapping practices and of moral knowledge first and foremost as the competence to participate in these practices. On the basis of a Wittgensteinian understanding of language and meaning, I defend two interrelated claims: the claim that some propositions are beyond reasonable doubt in moral practices and the claim that understanding moral principles amounts to the mastery of those practices. My reflections on a number of propositions which it seems impossible to doubt from a moral standpoint lead me to the view that for a morally competent agent, some propositions are removed from doubt. In conceiving of justification as a response to doubt based on reasons, I follow Wittgenstein and those contemporary philosophers who defend what are called "contextualist" approaches. Given the close relationship between justification and doubt, the claim that some propositions are beyond reasonable doubt in moral practices implies that certain philosophical demands for justification make no sense. Like contextualists, I oppose both foundationalist and coherentist accounts of moral justification and moral knowledge. Unlike them, I argue that moral knowledge ultimately amounts to knowledge how. This practical knowledge involves cognitive as well as emotional capacities, which are developed through training. On the basis of my account of moral competence, I am able to reject the view that morality can be justified from an extra-moral standpoint. The "why be moral question" turns out to be one of those purely philosophical questions which lack a role in practice. Despite denying the availability of any practice-independent standards of moral truth and critique, my account allows for moral criticism and moral progress.

Knowledge and Ideology Book PDF

Knowledge and Ideology

  • Author : Michael Morris
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-11-10
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9781316828595

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Knowledge and Ideology Book Description :

Ideology critique generally seeks to undermine selected theories and beliefs by demonstrating their partisan origins and their insidious social functions. This approach rightly reveals the socially implicated nature of much purported knowledge, but also brackets or bypasses its cognitive properties. In contrast, Michael Morris argues that it is possible to integrate the social and epistemic dimensions of belief in a way that preserves the cognitive and adjudicatory capacities of reason, while acknowledging that reason itself is inevitably social, historical, and interested. Drawing upon insights from Hegel, Lukács, Mannheim, and Habermas, he interprets and reconstructs Marx's critique of ideology as a positive theory of knowledge, one that reconciles the inherently interested and inextricably situated nature of thought with more traditional conceptions of rational adjudication, normativity, and truth. His wide-ranging examination of the social and epistemic dimensions of ideology will interest readers in political philosophy and political theory.

Critique of Pure Reason Book PDF

Critique of Pure Reason

  • Author : Immanuel Kant
  • Publisher : Cosimo, Inc.
  • Release Date : 2009-01-01
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 9781605204499

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Critique of Pure Reason Book Description :

Often called Kant's "first critique," this is a foundational work of modern philosophy, one that attempts to define the very nature of reason, and to join the two schools of thought dominant in the late 18th century: that of Empiricism and Rationalism. At the border between thinking subject to religion and realities as the burgeoning sciences were demonstrating at the time, Kant explores ethics, the limits of human knowledge, logic, deduction, observation, and intuition, and in the process laid the groundwork for the modern intellect. First published in 1781, this is required reading for anyone wishing to be considerd well educated. German metaphysician IMMANUEL KANT (1724-1804) served as a librarian of the Royal Library, a prestigious government position, and as a professor at Knigsberg University. His other works include Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime (1764), Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785), and Critique of Practical Reason (1788).

Maritain and America Book PDF

Maritain and America

  • Author : Christopher M. Cullen
  • Publisher : Amer Maritain Assn Incorporated
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105217023998

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Maritain and America Book Description :

"Jacques Maritain was a leading French philosopher of the twentieth century. He came to know America first hand and taught at four American universities. This book explores his thought in its engagement of with the American political system and the American culture of liberal individualism"--Provided by publisher.

The Ethics of Peacebuilding Book PDF

The Ethics of Peacebuilding

  • Author : Timothy Murithi
  • Publisher : Edinburgh Studies in Global Et
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : UOM:39076002810880

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The Ethics of Peacebuilding Book Description :

Outlines the need for effective and sustainable peacebuilding in order to restore the conditions for co-existence in fractured communities around the world.

NYU Journal of Law   Liberty Book PDF

NYU Journal of Law Liberty

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre : Law reviews
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : UCAL:B5102326

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NYU Journal of Law Liberty Book Description :

Compromised Goods Book PDF

Compromised Goods

  • Author : Ruth Lessl Shively
  • Publisher : Univ of Wisconsin Press
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 0299152707

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Compromised Goods Book Description :

Wary of moral skeptics but reluctant to lay claim to moral truth, American political theorists and philosophers, like many citizens, have increasingly sought a middle ground. In this ambitious book, Ruth Lessl Shively contends that there is no such place, and that those who claim to occupy it are merely serving the subjectivist cause. A powerful critique of what she calls moral constructionism--the notion that moral truth is solely determined or constructed by society--Compromised Goods makes a compelling argument for moral realism as the only workable answer to the real dilemmas of political theory and moral life. Shively argues that, because compromise is so admired in American culture, the notion of a moral middle ground has a natural popular appeal that makes it all the more dangerous to democratic principles and practice. And, because constructionism promises painless answers to moral skepticism--solutions that don't disrupt the dominant intellectual assumptions of the day--it serves only to keep theorists from confronting the real nature of our problems and the real necessity of moral realism. Her exposure of this position and its flaws, from its failure to account for ordinary moral practices to its political impotence, is at the same time an eloquent defense of moral realism.

Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy Book PDF

Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy

  • Author : Bernard Williams
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2006-10-03
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9781134147946

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Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy Book Description :

By the time of his death in 2003, Bernard Williams was one of the greatest philosophers of his generation. Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy is not only widely acknowledged to be his most important book, but also hailed a contemporary classic of moral philosophy. Presenting a sustained critique of moral theory from Kant onwards, Williams reorients ethical theory towards ‘truth, truthfulness and the meaning of an individual life’. He explores and reflects upon the most difficult problems in contemporary philosophy and identifies new ideas about central issues such as relativism, objectivity and the possibility of ethical knowledge. This edition also includes a new commentary on the text by A.W.Moore and a foreword by Jonathan Lear.

The Philosopher s Index Book PDF

The Philosopher s Index

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre : Philosophy
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : UOM:39015079746015

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The Philosopher s Index Book Description :

Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.